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Can China Win The Space Motherhood Race?

Chinese spaceflight Shijian-10 Space motherhood Space medicine Space race Superpower cosmonauts astronauts

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Poll: Can China Win The Space Motherhood Race? (0 member(s) have cast votes)

Can China Win The Space Motherhood Race?

  1. In the comming years (0 votes [0.00%])

    Percentage of vote: 0.00%

  2. In several decades (0 votes [0.00%])

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  3. Before the end of this century (0 votes [0.00%])

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  4. No, another nation like India will do it first (0 votes [0.00%])

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  5. Clueless (0 votes [0.00%])

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If Not China, Then Which Nation Could Win The Space Motherhood Race?

  1. The Islamic Republic Of Iran (0 votes [0.00%])

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  2. The Republic Of India (0 votes [0.00%])

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  3. The Federative Republic of Brazil (0 votes [0.00%])

    Percentage of vote: 0.00%

  4. The Russian Federation (0 votes [0.00%])

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  5. Another nation (0 votes [0.00%])

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  6. Clueless (0 votes [0.00%])

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#1 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 06 May 2016 - 10:43 PM

Background


Emilio Marcos Palma was the first person born on the Antarctic mainland, at Base Esperanza on 7 January 1978; his parents were sent there along with seven other families by the Argentinean government to determine if family life was suitable on the continent.

http://aqamb.com/declaration.html


First all cosmonaut parents' child


PR20120301151244.JPG

Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova, first female cosmonaut, 10th cosmonaut in the world, 6th cosmonaut in the Soviet Union - was born on March 6, 1937
March 12, 1962 - selected as cosmonaut
June 16, 1963 - flew into space aboard the "Vostok-6"
November 3, 1963 - married cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev
June 8, 1964 - gave birth to daughter Elena


On the eve of the 40th anniversary of the first flight of Valentina Tereshkova, she denied rumors that her first marriage with cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev was an "order" of the Politburo. But she confirmed that permission to divorce was personally given by Leonid Brezhnev.

39023.jpg
Valentina with daughter Elena Andrianovna Nikolaeva-Tereshkova

39022.jpg
Elena Andrianovna Nikolaeva-Tereshkova with both parents

39025.jpg
Elena Andrianovna Nikolaeva-Tereshkova

39026.jpg
Elena Andrianovna as a doctor at a Aeroflot medical center

http://www.eg.ru/daily/melochi/4737/


Chinas first female astronaut becomes mom, resumes training

Beijing, Feb 13 2015

Chinas first female astronaut has begun training for her next mission after having a baby, state media reported today.

The selection of Chinas female astronauts had been somewhat controversial because of a reported preference for married women who have children, purportedly to guard against radiation damaging their reproductive health. Those fears have so far proven unfounded, although no pregnant woman has flown in space as far as is known.

"Considering that many female astronauts from foreign nations have given birth to children who are quite healthy after completing missions, there should be no concern about a spacewoman's health or fertility."

The official China Daily newspaper quoted Liu Yang as confirming at an award ceremony this week that she had given birth but the report gave no more details about the child.

She was quoted as saying she was training for her next mission, an attempt to dock with a future space station for which no firm date has been set.

Liu, 37, was a member of the three-person Shenzhou 9 mission that flew the first trip to Chinas experimental space station Tiangong 1 in 2012. China plans to launch a more permanent Tiangong 2 space station in about five years.

20150211084226768.jpg
In June 2012, first female taikonaut about to board SZ-9

]http://i.guancha.cn/news/2015/02/11/20150211084212275.jpg]
Liu Yang with husband in Beijing home

20150211084514804.jpg
Liu Yang in 2012 at home in Beijing

http://www.guancha.c...11_309187.shtml
http://www.chinadail...nt_19560925.htm


Edited by Soheil, 06 May 2016 - 11:22 PM.

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#2 Soheil

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Posted 06 May 2016 - 10:52 PM

1# Soheil

Milestone: China achieves the world's first-ever successful test on mammal embryo development7ypBQm.gif


Mammal embryos successfully develop in space

2016-04-17

Mouse embryos carried by China's retrievable scientific research satellite have developed in space, making it the world's first-ever successful test on mammal embryo development.

The satellite, SJ-10, was launched into space on April 6, with 6,000 early-stage mouse embryos so scientists could observe their development in microgravity, which will inform research into human reproduction in space.

Information sent back by the satellite showed that the embryos have developed from cell to blastocyst, the stage where noticeable cell differentiation occurs.

135286897_14608950106791n.jpg
http://news.xinhuane...8950106791n.jpg
Photo provided by the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, shows the mouse embryos four hours before they are launched into space by the satellite, SJ-10. Over 6,000 early-stage mouse embryos carried by China's retrievable scientific research satellite have developed in space, making it the world's first-ever successful test on mammal embryo development.



135286897_14608950106981n.jpg
http://news.xinhuane...8950106981n.jpg
Photo provided by the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, shows the blastocysts developed from cells 80 hours after the mouse embryos were launched into space by the satellite, SJ-10.


http://news.xinhuane...c_135286897.htm


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#3 Soheil

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Posted 06 May 2016 - 11:20 PM

1# Soheil


Why the best Mars colonists could come from places like Iran and China


December 15, 2015


NASA is now hiring astronauts for trips to space and Mars that would blast them with radiation, but Crave's Eric Mack learns that some corners of the world already get a similar treatment.

On Monday, NASA officially opened an application window for the next generation of American astronauts it hopes to send to the International Space Station, lunar orbit and eventually to Mars. But to find the best candidates for dealing with the harsh levels of radiation in space and on the Red Planet, the agency may want to consider looking beyond the borders of the United States for applicants.

One of the biggest challenges in sending astronauts into deep space or setting up a base on Mars is dealing with the radiation from the cosmic rays that our sun and other stars send flying around the universe. Earth's atmosphere and magnetic field deflect the worst of this radiation, but Mars has no substantial magnetic field, which has in turn allowed much of its atmosphere to be lost to space over the millennia.

Spacecraft can be equipped with radioactive shielding to some extent, and a base on Mars could also be constructed essentially underground, using several meters of Martian soil to provide radiation protection on par with Earth's atmosphere (this is what Mars One hopes to do). But when it comes to roaming around the surface of Mars in a spacesuit or in a rover, there's no real practical way for those astronauts to avoid some big doses of radiation in the process.


When I attended the New Worlds conference earlier in 2015, there was a discussion of the challenge that cosmic radiation presents for space exploration, and there were some pretty far-fetched possible solutions, like genetically engineering astronauts in the future to handle more radiation.

But I was more intrigued by one partial solution that was mentioned in passing and only half-seriously -- to consider astronaut candidates who are already used to dealing with more exposure to radiation than most of the rest of us.

For years now, scientists have been studying residents of Ramsar, a town in northern Iran that is believed to have the highest levels of naturally occurring background radiation for an inhabited area. Levels up to 80 times the world average (PDF) have been measured in town, yet studies of the few thousand people living in the area show rates of lung cancer are actually below average. In fact, research shows that a gene responsible for the production of white blood cells and so-called "natural killer cells" that attack tumors was more strongly expressed among the population.


In other words, there may be no need to engage in controversial "editing" of human genetics to create radiation-resistant astronauts because there might already be good prospects in a few corners of the world.

Besides Ramsar, the beaches near Guarapari, Brazil, also exhibit very high levels of natural radiation. People in Yangjiang, China, live with radiation levels three times the world average but have below-average cancer levels, and the story is the same in Karunagappally, India.

Unfortunately, none of the people from these areas would be eligible for the program NASA is now hiring for -- the agency is only looking for American applicants. So who in the United States might be best suited for withstanding the most cosmic radiation?


As it turns out, I think it might be me. According to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the National Radiation Map, Colorado -- where my family has hailed from for generations -- has some of the highest levels of background radiation in the country thanks to the high altitude and naturally occurring radioactive elements working their way up from the Earth.


Today, I'm actually about 50 miles south of the Colorado border, but I'm living at a higher elevation than Denver, and previous reporting has taught me that radon levels are actually quite high in the neighborhood as well.

Unfortunately, I am quite content just writing about space exploration and have no interest in ever leaving this planet myself. (As witness our CraveCast episode, Who wants to die on Mars?) Besides, some of my neighbors -- who have lived with this region's natural radiation for many more generations than my family has -- would probably make better candidates.

So if NASA is unwilling to change its eligibility requirements to consider candidates from northern Iran, perhaps the organization ought to consider sending a recruiter to Taos Pueblo in northern New Mexico instead.

 

February 28, 2002

hbra.jpg
http://ecolo.org/doc...tivity/hbra.jpg
High Background Radiation Areas Around the World.
Numbers given are in mSv/year.
Figure adapted from Health Research Foundation, Kyoto, Japan, with permission.
http://ecolo.org/doc...ity/ramsar.html


http://www.wmsym.org...ings/10/434.pdf


http://www.cnet.com/...ran-and-brazil/


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