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Iranian Safir-2 Space Launcher

Simorgh Safir-2 Iranian spaceflight Iran Imam Khomeini SLC

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#1 Soheil

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Posted 10 May 2016 - 12:22 AM

Safir-2 (Simorgh) SLV

Official Iranian description

7 July 2015

Safir-2 or Phoenix, full-scale model was unveiled in 2008. The rocket has two liquid propellants stages and can place a 100 kg satellites into orbit or even heavier satellites in orbits below 500 km.

Calculations show that nearly 144 tons of thrust are required to put a satellite of 100 kg at an 500 km orbit. So to achieve this amount of thrust, 4 optimized engine used in the first stage of the Safir-1, each of them developing almost 32 tons force of thrust, the cluster can achieve together a total of about 128 tons-force of thrust.

The Safir-2 is 85 tons at lift-off and controlled by 4 small verniers engines that provide an additional 15 tons of thrust.

However, the final version of Safir-2 will use the 37 tons thrust rocket engine of the Safir-1. [Thus, the total thrust should reach 163 tons.]

Safir-2 is a two-stage liquid fuel, has a total length of 25.97 m, a first stage diameter of 2.4 meters and a lenght of 17.81 meters. The second stage is 8.15 meters long and has a diameter of 1.5 meters.

The second stage has a 7.2 tons of force thrust

http://www.mashreghn...fa/print/402262


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http://www.mashreghn...fa/news/242144/

 
Iranian Safir-2 heavy launcher as phantasized in the Westhttp://lt.cjdby.net/...e=1#pid34281059

Edited by Soheil, 20 May 2016 - 12:25 AM.

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#2 Soheil

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Posted 10 May 2016 - 12:37 AM

Finally revealed: Simorgh SLV in assembly building


Sat Aug 22, 2015 3:25

President Rouhani visiting an exhibition of the Iranian Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces on August 22, 2015, gave the media the opportunity to have a first close look at the new Safir-2 or Simorgh SLV. Similitude with NADA's Unha class SLV is evident, showing four steering vernier engines in the first stage mounted separately with the four first stage's main engines. An obvious discrepancy with previous official reports.

2013, Okt. 28

Its first stage is powered by four main engines, each generating up to 29,000 kilograms (284.4 kN s.l.) of thrust, plus a fifth which will be used for attitude control, which provides an additional 13,600 kilograms (133.4 kN s.l.) of thrust.


This definitely closes the decade old controversy between German geologist and space enthusiast, Norbert Brugge (an unrealistic dummy joke) and some experts of Armscontrolwonk (TVC via differential thrust throttling).

The second stage now appears to differ from the Safir SLV second stage. Safir second stage was fitted with two fully steerable engines. Due to poor video footage image quality, it seems that Simorgh second stage is made of four fully steerable engines with nozzle extensions and two exhaust tubes each with its own extra nozzle.

The "attitude control engine" probably is a second stage LRE-15 engine and consist of two individual engines, each with 6,800 kilograms (66.7 kN) of thrust.


North Korean Unha-3 in the Sohae SLC's rocket assembly building, April 2012

With only a third stage added and red and white nose cone differences.

2015051137439063.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....51137439063.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....76&section=sc38


144022966897383700.jpg
http://media.preside...66897383700.jpg
Simorgh (left) and Safir (right) SLVs. Notice the large empty space hinting at a third stage like the Unha-3


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http://media.farsnew...0590_PhotoI.jpg

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http://static2.borna... دفاعی.jpg


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http://static2.borna... دفاعی.jpg

http://www.president.ir/en/88795

0ayxQnW.png?1
View on the second stage

LOfW5gp.png?1
First stage's four main engines

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Side view of the second stage with four steerable engines plus two exhaust tubes each with its own extra nozzle.

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Payload fairing, second and first stage

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First stage's four main engines

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Separated four smaller vernier engines of the first stage engine block

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First stage's four main engines block and vernier engines block

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First stage's four main engines

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Rear view of the second stage with four steerable engines plus two exhaust tubes each with its own extra nozzle.

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Simorgh (left) and Safir (right) SLVs, notice the large empty space between the payload fairing and second stage, suitable for accommodating a third stage like the Unha-3

ccoAYEp.png?1

Video

Iran Simorgh satellite launching vehicle ( IRILV ) in attachment facility - YouTube

What a miscalculation: The Simorgh IRILV is on display again in August 2015 !

Safir-3 SLV or Sepehr

2012, March 05

Although Iran's Simorgh launcher (Safir-2) in the well-known design so far is not been in use, is it already a "phase-out model". A launch of a Simorgh was repeatedly announced and is up to now permanently uncertain.
It imposes itself on the suspicion that the Simorgh rocket, as it is presented, in reality is only an unrealized version of the North Korean Unha.

By some sources it is reported that already a new and stronger launcher Safir-3 (Sepehr) is in development with other new engines.
The "Sepehr" should be in 2015 or 2016 available. It is about 40m high, has a diameter of 3m. The first stage is equipped with new liquid fuel engines. The engines are bigger as the engines of the Safir and Simorgh. Each engine has about 50 tons of thrust. Combustion chamber, turbopump etc are unique, says the source. Further details are not known. However, it is called a total thrust of 300 tons.

http://www.b14643.de...ption/Frame.htm


31 Mordad 1394 - 23:51 (22 August 2015)

"we will test the Phoenix launch vehicle which is capable of puting up to 200 kg into orbit"

http://www.mashreghn...ده-هستیم


94/06/03 (25 August 2015)

Phoenix will be able to launch 350 kg in LEO (300 to 500 kilometers)

http://www.farsnews....=13940603001016


Flight Profiles Simorgh IRILV

Calculation of the terminal velocity (dV)

[dV = Isp [Ns/kg] * ln (Mf/Me)]
Therefore are the real dV between 8,055 and 7,470 m/sec just enough for 40 kg payload to LEO.


Calculation of the terminal velocity (dV) with third stage

Therefore are the real dV between 8,160 and 7,615 m/sec enough for 450 kg payload to LEO under the assumption of a third SUS-M1 stage.

vlcsnap-2015-08-22-01h02m52s781.jpg
Safir SLV's second stage engine


http://www.b14643.de...ption/Frame.htm


22 August 2015

reports said that the Simorgh can launch multi payloads

http://www.military....


Edited by Soheil, 20 May 2016 - 12:27 AM.

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#3 Soheil

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Posted 10 May 2016 - 01:17 AM

22 August 2015

After three years of delays, it seems that the Mesbah satellite is finally going to be launched praying.gif

http://www.military....



Iran to Unveil New Satellite Carrier Early Next Month

Wed Jan 20, 2016

Iran will unveil a new satellite carrier in early February and will launch a satellite into the space in next Iranian year (to start on March 20), Vice-President for Science and Technology Sorena Sattari said.

"The new satellite launcher will be unveiled on the National Space Day (February 3)," Sattari told FNA on Wednesday.

He said that information and specifications of the new satellite carrier will be announced later.

http://en.farsnews.c...=13941030000412


Jan 20, 2016

An informed source announced that Imam Khomeini Space Launch Center was ready, and that the next two weeks will be spent to complete the final controls before the maiden flight of the Phoenix carrier rocket.

Safir-2SLVlaunch00.1453608684.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1453608684.jpg
Safir-2 night launch screen capture from video CGI


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http://ipic.su/img/i....1453608408.jpg
Safir-2 night launch screen capture from video CGI


Video
http://sendvid.com/wmazftaf
http://soheilesy.per...ORGH/Test_2.flv
http://soheilesy.per.../video/SIMORGH/


https://www.tabnak.i...ره-ویدیو



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As announced, a new paintjob for the Safir-2 mockup as paraded in the streets of Tehran on 11 February 2016, previously blue and white, but this year newly assorted with the Korean orange and white vertical gantry at Sohae, and still dark green a year ago.
http://www.military....-30#entry486663



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http://news.xinhuane...8564832441n.jpg
Vertical gantry of the Sohae Satellite Launch Center, previously dark green and repainted orange and white this year, used to launch the Kwagnyongsong-4 remote sensing satellite with an Unha-3 launcher on 7 February 2016.
http://news.xinhuane..._1118013054.htm

18.gif

Video of repainted Simorgh IRILV of Feb 11, 2016

https://www.youtube....h?v=nSPM5w03S0M


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Latest 15 February 2016 satellite imagery showing mobile launch gantry positioned over the rocket
http://www.military....-30#entry486663




https://www.youtube....h?v=ieTjHq5YftI

Simorgh to be launched after mid-April

15 Mar 2016

The Head of Irans National Space Center announced that the country would test launch the Simorgh satellite carrier after mid-April 2016 (the second month of the Persian calendar).

He said that the second test launch would follow after mid-November (the 9th month of the Persian calendar). A final test launch should be conducted after mid-March 2017 (the Persian calendar's first month of the year 1396).

He added that less than 10 countries in the world have the capability to design and build a Simorgh class satellite launcher.

Irans Space Agency official said that the first generation of the satellite carrier is capable of launching communications and remote sensing satellites with a mass of 100 kg to a 500 km orbit.

The first remote sensing satellite is already produced, with a resolution of 25 meters at a 500km altitude orbit.

http://www.mashreghn...


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Apr. 2, Juche 105 (2016) Saturday


In the last period, some countries attempted to develop nuclear weapons, but finally yielded to the collective pressure of the U.S. imperialists and powers in collusion with them. Those countries did so because of lack of courage and will.

Steadfast are the faith and will of the service personnel and people of the DPRK to preserve peace and stability on the peninsula and build a world of justice by dint of nuclear deterrent for self-defence, the shield for peace and treasured sword for national independence.

http://rodong.rep.kp...2016-04-02-0009

34.gif

Edited by Soheil, 20 May 2016 - 12:28 AM.

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#4 Soheil

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Posted 20 May 2016 - 12:29 AM

Iranian Advanced Upper Stage

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Model of Iranian Advanced Upper Stage made of two solid stages (center) and SUS-M upper stage (right)


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http://www.nasimonli...tail/789944/238



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http://media.farsnew...2178_PhotoL.jpg
Model of an Iranian "SUS-M upper stage" made of two solid stages



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http://novosti-kosmo...2120/?PAGEN_1=4


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http://gallery.milit...s/10228/Tug.jpg
Iranian Advanced Upper Stage's schematics


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http://gallery.milit...10228/PBS_5.jpg
Iranian Advanced Upper Stage's model



Safir-2's Third Stage: Saman 1 Upper Stage


Wed Feb 01, 2017 12:59

Saman 1 space tug which has been manufactured for the first time in the country is used to transfer the satellites from Low Earth orbit (LEO) to higher orbits.

http://en.farsnews.c...=13951113000454


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http://img8.irna.ir/...86-71374846.jpg
http://www.irna.ir/en/News/82411486/
01/02/2017 -- The Interorbital System named Saman 1 was unveiled in a ceremony marking the ninth national space technology day in the presence of President Hassan Rouhani here on Wednesday.



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01/02/2017 -- The Interorbital System named Saman 1 was unveiled in a ceremony marking the ninth national space technology day in the presence of President Hassan Rouhani here on Wednesday.



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http://img8.irna.ir/...726-5637954.jpg
http://www.irna.ir/en/Photo/3399726/
01/02/2017 -- The Interorbital System named Saman 1 was unveiled in a ceremony marking the ninth national space technology day in the presence of President Hassan Rouhani here on Wednesday.



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http://ipic.su/7ysPMT.jpg
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http://www.irna.ir/en/Photo/3399726/
01/02/2017 -- The Interorbital System named Saman 1 was unveiled in a ceremony marking the ninth national space technology day in the presence of President Hassan Rouhani here on Wednesday.

Edited by Soheil, 10 February 2017 - 05:21 PM.

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#5 Soheil

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Posted 20 May 2016 - 12:38 AM

Safir-2 Launch history

╔═════════════════════════╦═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╦══════════════╦════════════════════╦═════════════════════════════════╦══════╦═════════════╦══════════════════════╗
║       Launch date       ║                       Configuration                       ║  Orbit type  ║     Launch pad     ║             Payload             ║ Mass ║   Status    ║        Remark        ║
╠═════════════════════════╬═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬══════════════╬════════════════════╬═════════════════════════════════╬══════╬═════════════╬══════════════════════╣
║ 19 April 2016           ║ Safir-2A first stage?                                     ║ Sub-orbital  ║ Imam Khomeini LC-2 ║ None                            ║ ?    ║ Success     ║ First test launch    ║
╠═════════════════════════╬═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬══════════════╬════════════════════╬═════════════════════════════════╬══════╬═════════════╬══════════════════════╣
║ After mid-November 2016 ║ Safir-2A first stage plus 2nd stage?                      ║ Sub-orbital? ║ Imam Khomeini LC-2 ║ None                            ║ ?    ║ Pending     ║ Second test launch   ║
╠═════════════════════════╬═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬══════════════╬════════════════════╬═════════════════════════════════╬══════╬═════════════╬══════════════════════╣
║ After mid-March 2017    ║ Safir-2A first, 2nd+3rd stage + dummy satellite?          ║ Orbital?     ║ Imam Khomeini LC-2 ║ Dummy?                          ║ ?    ║ Pending     ║ Third test launch    ║
╠═════════════════════════╬═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬══════════════╬════════════════════╬═════════════════════════════════╬══════╬═════════════╬══════════════════════╣
║ 2017?                   ║ First operational Safir-2A                                ║ Orbital      ║ Imam Khomeini LC-2 ║ Tolou, remote sensing satellite ║ ?    ║ Speculative ║ First orbital launch ║
╚═════════════════════════╩═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╩══════════════╩════════════════════╩═════════════════════════════════╩══════╩═════════════╩══════════════════════╝
Safir-2A's first test launch


Google translate:

19 April 2016 (Farvardin 31, 1395)

Iranian President Hassan Rohani was welcomed in Semnan province's railway station on Tuesday morning by the supreme leader's representative in the Semnan province, the Friday prayer's leader, the Semnan governor and a number of local authorities.

http://iscanews.net/news/626118


Google translate:

Iran conducted a new rocket test

04/19/2016

Russian website "Kommersant" reported that today at noon, the Iranian military carried out a test launch of a rocket. The exact type of the launcher is not yet known, but was recorded by Russian early warning radars system (EWS) in Armavir and Orsk.

The test of the Iranian rocket was successfully conducted according to military sources. According to them, the launch took place at 12:33 Moscow time from the Dasht-e Kavir desert, Semnan launch center and, according to preliminary data, was successful and the head of the rocket fell in the southern part of Iran. "The launch is confirmed by the data obtained by radar detection", said one of the interlocutors, noting that Russian experts are now trying to determine the type of the launch vehicle and its performance.

Officially, the Iranian authorities have not yet announced the test.

http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2967934


Iran Conducts Space Launch

Iran this week conducted the first launch of a new rocket.

The launch of the Simorgh space launch vehicle on Tuesday was judged to be partly successful but did not reach orbit.

It was either an unsuccessful launch, or a test of third stage not meant to place a satellite in orbit.

http://www.military.ir/forums/topic/21289-پیگیری-اخبار-مرتبط-با-پرتاب-ماهواره-طلوع-و-پرتاب/page-31#entry492482


Edited by Soheil, 10 February 2017 - 05:26 PM.

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#6 Soheil

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Posted 23 November 2016 - 09:45 PM

Safir-2 Launch history


╔═════════════════════════╦═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╦══════════════╦════════════════════╦═════════════════════════════════╦══════╦═════════════╦══════════════════════╗
║       Launch date       ║                       Configuration                       ║  Orbit type  ║     Launch pad     ║             Payload             ║ Mass ║   Status    ║        Remark        ║
╠═════════════════════════╬═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬══════════════╬════════════════════╬═════════════════════════════════╬══════╬═════════════╬══════════════════════╣
║ 19 April 2016           ║ Safir-2A first stage?                                     ║ Sub-orbital  ║ Imam Khomeini LC-2 ║ None                            ║ ?    ║ Success     ║ First test launch    ║
╠═════════════════════════╬═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬══════════════╬════════════════════╬═════════════════════════════════╬══════╬═════════════╬══════════════════════╣
║ After mid-November 2016 ║ Safir-2A first stage plus 2nd stage                       ║ Sub-orbital  ║ Imam Khomeini LC-2 ║ None                            ║ ?    ║ Unconfirmed ║ Second test launch   ║
╠═════════════════════════╬═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬══════════════╬════════════════════╬═════════════════════════════════╬══════╬═════════════╬══════════════════════╣
║ After mid-March 2017    ║ Safir-2A first, 2nd+3rd stage + dummy satellite?          ║ Orbital?     ║ Imam Khomeini LC-2 ║ Dummy?                          ║ ?    ║ Pending     ║ Third test launch    ║
╠═════════════════════════╬═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬══════════════╬════════════════════╬═════════════════════════════════╬══════╬═════════════╬══════════════════════╣
║ 2017?                   ║ First operational Safir-2A                                ║ Orbital      ║ Imam Khomeini LC-2 ║ Tolou, remote sensing satellite ║ ?    ║ Speculative ║ First orbital launch ║
╚═════════════════════════╩═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╩══════════════╩════════════════════╩═════════════════════════════════╩══════╩═════════════╩══════════════════════╝

Possible Safir-2A's second test launch

2016-10-17_165524.jpg
http://gallery.milit...0-17_165524.jpg
Imam Khomeini SLC, image taken on 2016 OCT 2



IMG_20161123_213921~0.jpg
http://gallery.milit...23_213921~0.jpg
Image showing the Safir-2 launcher at IKSLC LC-2, seconds after the liftoff


IMG_20161123_213826.jpg
http://gallery.milit...1123_213826.jpg
Image showing the Safir-2 right after liftoff



http://www.military.ir/forums/topic/21289-پیگیری-اخبار-مرتبط-با-پرتاب-ماهواره-طلوع-و-پرتاب/page-32


Video of 2016 Simorgh test launch

Original link:
http://www.aparat.com/v/y6rxw


http://www.youtube.c...h?v=BkM2GRgyASA
Starting at T=37 sec

Edited by Soheil, 10 February 2017 - 05:27 PM.

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#7 Soheil

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Posted 10 February 2017 - 05:29 PM

Safir-2 LV family evolution

Safir-2B SLV

A 9th February 2017 video released on the occasion of the 15th International Conference of Iranian Aerospace Society, reveals first look at CGIs of what appears to be a Safir-2B SLV, made of a Safir-2A first stage with two additional strap-on booster rockets, a streched longer 2nd stage, a new larger diameter payload fairing and the future Saman 1 Upper Stage.
Each strap-on booster might be powered by a single liquid fuel Shahab-3/Rodong uprated engine developing 37-tons thrust.

7ysXpn.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ysXpn.jpg
Safir-2B first stage with 2 strap-on boosters


7ysXpy.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ysXpy.jpg
Safir-2B's strap-on boosters separation



7ysXpD.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ysXpD.jpg
Safir-2B second stage with larger diameter payload fairing



7ysXpH.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ysXpH.jpg
Safir-2B second stage separation with Saman-1 upper stage



Video of Iran 15th international conference aerospace society پانزدهمین کنفرانس بین المللی انجمن هوافضا


https://www.youtube....h?v=22juywDZhzU
Safir-2B strap-on boosters separation at at T=2m05sec and third stage separation at T=2m30sec


Safir-2C/D SLV

An addition of a total of four strap-on boosters could further increase the payload capacity of a speculative Safir-2C, doubling the lift-off thrust of the Safir-2A.
Each strap-on booster might be powered by a single liquid fuel Shahab-3/Rodong uprated engine of 37-tons thrust.
This launcher could be adapted to support a manned orbital E1 mission, as the Safir-2D, similar to the Chinese Shuguang-1 and CZ-2A, with only a few orbits and a single astronaut.

7yt2if.jpg
http://ipic.su/7yt2if.jpg
Safir-2 LV family evolution: Safir-2A, Safir-2B, Safir-2C and speculative manned Safir-2D with E1 spacecraft.

Edited by Soheil, 16 February 2017 - 08:13 PM.

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