Unofficial Korean websites based in Japan already presented back in 2012, the new Hwasong-13 (《화성-13》호) or Mars-13 ballistic missile as a FOBS system. Moreover it was said to be fitted with EMP MIRV warheads. Other sources also disclosed the development of even more advanced ballistic missiles of the Hwasong-class: Hwasong-14, Hwasong-15, Hwasong-16 and Hwasong-17.
Soviet R-36 Fractional Orbital Bombardment System (FOBS) ICBM
The Fractional Orbital Bombardment System (FOBS) was a Soviet innovation intended to exploit the limitations of US Ballistic Missile Early Warning (BMEW) radar coverage. The idea behind FOBS was that a large thermonuclear warhead could be inserted into a steeply inclined low altitude polar orbit, such that it would approach the CONUS from any direction, but primarily from the southern hemisphere, and following a programmed braking manoeuvre, re-enter from a direction which was not covered by US BMEW radars.
Once placed into low-Earth orbit, the ICBM possessed unlimited range and the ability to approach the US from any direction, avoiding US northern-looking detection radars. The reentry vehicle came down in less than one revolution, hence the "fractional" orbit.
The system intended to precede a conventional ICBM attack and take out key retaliatory forces. The FOBS would circumvent the existing US ballistic missile early warning radars and hit SAC airfields and missile silos before the bombers could take off or missiles launched. FOBS could have also conceivably destroyed ABM radars, disrupt US retaliatory capability, destroy command posts, the White House, and the command and control network.
The first regiment with the R-36 orbital missiles was put on alert on 25 August 1969. The missile was phased out in January 1983 in compliance with the SALT-2 treaty, which prohibited the deployment of FOBS systems.
The R-36 family represented the second generation of the intercontinental ballistic missiles developed by the USSR during the Cold War. It was conceived concurrently with the Titan-2 ICBM in the United States.
The heavyweight R-36 had such new and exotic features as multiple warheads and orbital flight trajectory. The latter became a base for the Fractional Orbital Bombardment System, or FOBS, where the warhead and the upper stage of the ICBM would actually enter the orbit around the Earth on its way to the target.
1970 Chinese DF-6 FOBS ICBM
With a range of 30,000 km, it was China's plan to strike the U.S. from the South Pole. Inspired by the Soviet R-36 FOBS ICBM, with 40,000km range, the DF-6 FOBS (东风六号轨道轰炸器) was developed at a Shaanxi institute starting in 1969. It was a 3 stages missile with a 400 tons thrust first stage. Due to economic limitations and technical challenges, the program was soon cancelled.
North Korean Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) warheads
Apr 25, 2012
There, a briefing officer told me that all the road-mobile ICBMs remain on high alert, ready around the clock to be blasted off at an instant's notice towards strategic targets on the American mainland. He also said that the global strike force would soon complete a shift to a road-mobile system.
For North Korean, the days are gone when American nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, stealth bombers and fighters were useful assets. Now they are just sitting ducks ready to be vaporized at a single stroke.
Whether the Americans are aware of it or not, the US faces two worst-case scenarios in a showdown with the administration of Kim Jong Un: One is the prospect of finding their skyscraping metropolitan centers bombed back to the Stone Age and vaporized in a consuming thermonuclear exchange. The other is a certain prospect of nine of ten Americans dying in a swift retaliatory EMP strike to be launched by North Korea.
The April 15 military parade displayed potentially game-ending road-mobile sleek ICBMs mounted on brand-new 16-wheel transporter-erector-launcher vehicles, which are capable of detonating super-EMP bombs far above the metropolitan US.
There are two least-noticed facts. One is that the two official nuclear tests by North Korea involved trigger devices of hydrogen bombs, designed to generate maximum electromagnetic pulses throughout the US mainland from coast to coast.
South Korean KBS World June 24, 2011 reported: "Voice of America (VOA) says, Dr Peter Pry, who was a nuclear weapons expert in the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), said that a Russian scientist who developed the EMP bomb said the technology was leaked to North Korea!"
Dr Peter Vincent Pry, president of EMPact America, a citizens lobbying group, made a highly revealing observation: "... An electromagnetic pulse, or EMP, is a super energetic radio wave that's immediately harmless to people, but it'll burn out all the critical electronic systems that sustain human economic activity and human life across vast areas, including the entire continental United States.
"North Korea's last round of tests, conducted in May 2009, appear to have included a "super-EMP" weapon, capable of emitting enough gamma rays to disable the electric power grid across most of the lower 48 states."
North Korea's nuclear tests have been dismissed as failures by some analysts because of their low explosive yield. But Dr Pry believes they bore the "signature" of the Russian-designed "super-EMP" weapon, capable of emitting more gamma radiation than a 25-megaton nuclear weapon
The Center for Security Policy, in a report issued last year, has estimated that in the event of a wide-scale EMP attack on the United States, as many as nine out of ten Americans would be dead within one year.
Edited by Soheil, 11 May 2016 - 11:24 PM.