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North Korean Space Program

North Korea NADA space program manned spaceflight Paektusan Unha Kwangmyongsong Sohae Tonghae Iran

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#1 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:48 PM

For the Hypothetical unified Third Reich and Nipponese Empire space program, see Alternate history: Hypothetical Axis victory in World War II.
For the Iranian space program, see TBD.

© A S☫heil presentation; First published 2015; Updated 2016-2017

Table of Contents

1. Table of Contents

2. Exclusive geostrategic situation of North Korea Updated 22 JUN 2017
2.1. Brief History of North Korea Updated 23 JUN 2017
2.1.1. The Stone Weapons Age Updated 23 JUN 2017
2.1.2. The Bronze, Iron & Steel Weapons Age Updated 23 JUN 2017
2.1.3. The Fire Arms Age Updated 23 JUN 2017
2.1.4. The Mechanized Weapons Age Updated 23 JUN 2017
2.1.5. The Directed Energy Weapons Age Updated 23 JUN 2017
2.1.6. The Orbital Weapons Age Updated 23 JUL 2017
2.2. North Korea's rare earth deposit Updated 9 JUL 2017
2.3. North Korea's uranium deposit Updated 22 JUN 2017
2.4. North Korea's crude oil reserves Updated 22 JUN 2017

3.1. Pre-Space Age Era Korean major milestones Updated 25 APR 2017
3.1.1. Korean pre-black powder Era developments Updated 11 JUL 2017
3.1.2. Earlier Korean black powder Era developments
3.1.2.1. Reverse engineering of black powder in Korea
3.1.2.2. Cholryongjin anti-ship ballistic weapon
3.1.3. Earlier Korean developments in rocketry Updated 27 JUN 2017
3.1.3.1. Largest rocket of the 15th century: Dae Singijeon Rocket
3.1.3.2. Korea's first two stages rocket: Sanhwa Singijeon Rocket
3.1.4. Earlier Korean developments in manned flight Updated 21 JUN 2017
3.1.4.1. Korea's manned gas-propelled winged Flying Vehicle: Pikŏ
3.1.4.2. Wan Hu's manned rocket propelled winged Flying Vehicle

4. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
4.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Il Sung Updated 16 JUL 2017

5. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
5.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Il Part1 Updated 16 JUL 2017

6. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
6.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Il Part2 Updated 24 JUL 2017

7. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
7.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Il Part3 Updated 16 JUL 2017

8. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
8.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part1 Updated 16 JUL 2017

9. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
9.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part2 Updated 16 JUL 2017

10. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
10.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part3 Updated 16 JUL 2017

11. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
11.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part4 Updated 16 JUL 2017

12. Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones Updated 16 JUL 2017
12.1. On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part5 Updated 16 JUL 2017

13. North Korea's Korean Committee for Space Technology (KCST) Past Activities
13.1. North Korean satellite already launched
13.2. Comparative Inter-Korean space race's launch failures
13.3. Inter-Korean space race's outcome
13.4. Current North Korean Space Activities Updated 23 JUL 2017

14. North Korean aerospace institutions
14.1. Korean Committee for Space Technology (KCST) Updated 3 APR 2017
14.2. International Outer Space Treaty and the Registration Convention Updated 3 APR 2017
14.3.1. State Space Development Bureau Updated 6 APR 2017
14.3.2. National Aerospace Development Administration (NADA)
14.3.2.1. North Korea top ranks in reverse engineering Chinese technologies
14.3.2.2. Comparative aerospace milestones of China and Korea Updated 23 JUL 2017
14.4. DPRK NADA Joins International Astronautical Federation
14.5. New high-altitude weather observation systems
14.6. New Standard Time in Korea Updated 2 JUL 2017
14.7. Newly-built General Satellite Control Centre

15.1. New Lithium Atom-shaped Sci-Tech Complex
15.2. Hydrogen Atom-shaped Planetarium
15.3. Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space Updated 17 JUN 2017

16. The Secret Missile Research Institute Updated 14 JUL 2017

17. North Korean Space Launch Sites Updated 24 APR 2017
17.1. North Korean first space launch center: Tonghae SLC Updated 24 JUL 2017

18. North Korean second space launch center: Sohae SLC Updated 23 JUL 2017

19. Sohae Satellite Launch Center after upgrade in 2015 Updated 23 JUL 2017

20. Sohae Satellite Launch Center during 2017 upgrade Updated 23 JUL 2017

21. North Korean overseas space tracking stations Updated 19 JUL 2017

22. North Korean Space Launchers Updated 29 APR 2017

23. Paektusan LV Updated 16 JUN 2017
23.1. Glossary
23.2. Moksong-1 ICBM Updated 14 JUL 2017
23.3. Moksong-1 rocket engine configuration's flight test

24. Unha LV Updated 18 JUL 2017
24.1 Glossary Updated 9 JUL 2017
24.1. Moksong-2 ICBM Updated 14 JUL 2017

25. Unha LV's first stage Part1 Updated 14 JUL 2017

26. Unha LV's first stage Part2 Updated 17 MAY 2017
26.1. Debris captured by South Korea of the Unha LV's first stage Updated 17 MAY 2017

27.1. Unha LV's second stage Updated 14 JUL 2017
27.2. Unha LV's third stage Updated 17 MAY 2017
27.3. Unha LV's launch preparation Updated 17 MAY 2017

28. The Inter-Korean Deep Space Race Updated 24 APR 2017
28.1. South Korean Deep Space Exploration Program Updated 21 JUL 2017

29. North Korean Deep Space Exploration Program Updated 12 APR 2017
29.1. North Korean lunar exploration program (NKLEP) Updated 11 APR 2017
29.1.1. North Korean lunar orbiter
29.1.2. North Korean lunar lander Updated 19 JUN 2017
29.1.3. North Korean lunar sample-return mission Updated 5 JUN 2017

30. North Korean lunar launcher: Unha-9 Updated 16 JUN 2017
30.1. The number 9 in North Korea
30.2. Moksong-3 ICBM
30.3. Photogrammetric analysis

31. North Korean Mars Exploration Program (NKMEP) Updated 13 APR 2017

32. North Korean Deep Space launcher: Unha-20 Updated 5 JUN 2017

33. North Korean manned launcher: Unha-18 Updated 8 JUL 2017
33.1. Iranian and North Korean manned space launchers Updated 19 JUN 2017
33.2. North Korean heavy space launcher as phantasized in the West

34. 80-ton thrust Paektusan-1 rocket engine Updated 18 JUN 2017

35. The March 18 Revolution: 100-ton thrust Paektusan-1B rocket engine configuration Updated 20 JUL 2017
35.1. 100-ton thrust Paektusan-1B rocket engine configuration's static ground test Updated 20 MAY 2017
35.2. 100-ton thrust Paektusan-1B rocket engine configuration's flight test Updated 22 JUL 2017
35.3. Evolution of North Korean and Iranian LVs second stages Updated 12 APR 2017
35.4. Photogrammetric analysis Updated 16 JUL 2017

36. 160-ton thrust Paektusan-2 rocket engine configuration Updated 16 JUN 2017

37. North Korean manned spacecraft Updated 11 JUL 2017

38.1.1. Chinese recoverable capsule Updated 3 APR 2017
38.1.3. Iranian recoverable capsule
38.2.1. Iran's manned orbital spacecraft
38.2.2. Unidentified Iranian orbital manned spacecrafts
38.2.3. Chinese Project 863 manned orbital spacecraft

39.1. North Korean reentry vehicle Updated 14 JUL 2017
39.2. North Korean ground test of re-entry vehicle's engine Updated 26 JUN 2017
39.3. North Korean flight test of Post Boost Vehicle TBD

40. North Korean Space Tracking Ships Updated 25 JUL 2017
40.1. Chinese Space Tracking Ships Updated 25 JUL 2017
41.2. Iranian oceanographic ship Updated 25 JUL 2017
41.3. North Korean oceanographic ship Updated 25 JUL 2017

41. North Korean rapid reaction solid propellant launcher Updated 23 JUL 2017
41.1. Chinese CZ-11 rapid reaction launcher Updated 23 JUL 2017
41.2. North Korean Pukgukson-Class rapid reaction launcher Updated 23 JUL 2017

42. North Korean Sea-based launcher Updated 10 JUL 2017
42.1. Chinese CZ-11 Sea-based launcher Updated 16 JUL 2017
42.2. North Korean Pukgukson-Class Sea-based launcher Updated 10 JUL 2017

43. North Korean manned solid fuel launcher: Unha-27 Updated 21 JUL 2017
43.1. Chinese KZ-41 manned solid fuel launcher Updated 21 JUL 2017
43.2. Iranian Ghaem solid fuel launcher Updated 21 JUL 2017
43.3. North Korean Pukgukson-Class manned solid fuel launcher Updated 24 JUL 2017

44. North Korean reusable space launcher Updated 8 JUL 2017
44.1. Chinese Teng Yun space plane Updated 18 JUL 2017
44.2.1. North Korean space plane Updated 18 JUL 2017
44.2.2. North Korean scramjet engine Updated 18 JUL 2017

45. North Korean international space cooperation Updated 11 APR 2017
45. North Korea-Chinese space cooperation Updated 12 JUL 2017

46. North Korea-Iranian space cooperation Updated 17 JUL 2017

47. Other international space cooperation Updated 14 JUN 2017

48. Commercial space cooperation Updated 21 JUN 2017

49. North Korean aerospace people Updated 30 MAY 2017
49.1. North Korean aerospace leaders Updated 11 JUL 2017
49.2. North Korean aerospace scientists Updated 1 JUN 2017
49.3. North Korean astronauts Updated 17 JUN 2017

50. North Korean satellites already launched Updated 3 APR 2017

51. Kwangmyongsong-1 Part1 Updated 16 JUN 2017

52. Kwangmyongsong-1 Part2 Updated 16 JUN 2017

53. Kwangmyongsong-2#1 Updated 19 APR 2017

54. Kwangmyongsong-2#2 Part1 Updated 25 APR 2017

55. Kwangmyongsong-2#2 Part2 Updated 9 JUL 2017

56. Kwangmyongsong-3#1 Part1 Updated 10 JUL 2017

57. Kwangmyongsong-3#1 Part2 Updated 10 JUL 2017

58. Kwangmyongsong-3#1 Part3 Updated 16 JUN 2017

59. Kwangmyongsong-3#2 Part1 Updated 12 JUN 2017

60. Kwangmyongsong-3#2 Part2 Updated 20 JUN 2017

61. Kwangmyongsong-4 Part1 Updated 1 APR 2017

62. Kwangmyongsong-4 Part2 Updated 10 MAY 2017

63. Kwangmyongsong-4 Part3 Updated 10 MAY 2017

64. Kwangmyongsong-4 Part4 Updated 25 JUL 2017

65. Kwangmyongsong-4 Part5 Updated 12 JUN 2017

66. Kwangmyongsong-4 Part6 Updated 12 JUN 2017

67.1. North Korean disclosed satellite models Updated 8 JUL 2017
67.2. North Korean planned future satellites Updated 24 JUN 2017

68. Space launch forecast Updated 22 JUL 2017


Edited by Soheil, Yesterday, 11:12 AM.

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#2 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:49 PM

Exclusive geostrategic situation of North Korea

3129921868de1aa2dd176dfd448e8ea6_origina

Brief History of North Korea



22-06-2017


The Stone Weapons Age


Korean nation originated in the Taedong River basin centering on Pyongyang in the primitive ages.

They date back to the Lower Palaeolithic era, or one million years ago. The primitive men lived in groups, forming a primitive community, the first social organizations.

The remains of "Ryokpho man", "Tokchon man" and "Hwadae man" who had lived in the Middle Palaeolithic era were also discovered.


The remains of "Sungnisan man", "Mandal man" and "Hwangju man" who were neanthropic men in the Upper Palaeolithic era, show the anthropological succession from apemen to palaeoanthropic and neanthropic men in Korea in the primitive ages and provide the scientific evidence that the Taedong River basin centering on Pyongyang is one of the cradles of humankind.

The Korean Homo sapiens in the Neolithic era had lived in dugouts, farming and raising domestic animals. The ancestors of the Korean nation had already entered the Bronze Age in the latter half of the fourth millennium B.C. and created the advanced ancient civilization called "Taedonggang Civilization" early in the 30th century B.C.


The Bronze, Iron & Steel Weapons Age


Ancient Joson, the first state of the Korean nation, was founded by Tangun. It was founded in the early 30th century B.C. and existed for approximately 3,000 years until 108 B.C. It was a powerful state in the East which occupied a vast area of Northeast Asia, centering on Pyongyang.

People of the ancient states including Tangun's Joson did farming mainly and increased productivity by developing handicraft, stockbreeding, fishing, etc.

They developed bronze metallurgy from the early period and made lute-shaped daggers and spearheads, narrow bronze daggers and spearheads, bronze dirks, axes, chisels and other weapons and tools, such trinkets as fine-striped mirrors and a variety of harness.

In the later period of ancient Joson, ironware was widely used with the progress of iron and steel making technologies.

The Sinji characters indigenous to the Korean nation were used; simple philosophical views on the origin of the world were advanced, astrometeorology was developed and the techniques of weaving silk, hemp and woolen fabrics were at a high level.




Koguryo was the first feudal state of the Korean nation, which was founded in 277 B.C.

Ko Ju Mong was the founder-king. Koguryo had made rapid progress in the military affairs, the economy, culture and other fields.

After the 4th century it expanded its territory southward. In 427 it moved its capital to Pyongyang from Ji An.


The Fire Arms Age


In 918 Wang Kon of Thaebongguk established a new dynasty and merged it with later Paekje and later Silla and embraced the people of Palhae in the north, which was ruined by foreign forces. As a result, the first united state of the Korean nation emerged.

He set up the capital at Kaegyong (today's Kaesong) and named the country Koryo in the meaning of succeeding Koguryo.


It existed for nearly 500 years until 1392, the year of establishment of the feudal Joson dynasty, the last feudal state of the Korean nation.

And feudal Joson lasted for over 500 years until it was deprived of national sovereignty by the Japanese invasion.


The Mechanized Weapons Age


The modern history of Korea started with the struggle to beat back the invasions of the capitalist powers in the 1860s. The Korean people burnt down the US ship General Sherman which intruded into Pyongyang along the Taedong River in 1866. In the wake of this incident, the Korean people repelled the invasions of French and British fleets and Japanese warships one after another.

Through the Sino-Japanese War(1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War(1904-1905) the Japanese drove the forces of Manchurian Qing and Russia out of Korea and then stepped up the invasion of Korea.

They forced the "Korea-Japan Annexation Treaty" in 1910 and thus occupied Korea completely.


The Directed Energy Weapons Age


The Korean Communist Party was founded in Juche 14(1925), and the national liberation movement gained further momentum.

Kim Il Sung born in Pyongyang on April 15, Juche 1(1912), commanded the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle for two decades under its banner, finally achieving Korea's liberation on August 15 Juche 34(1945).


The Orbital Weapons Age


In July 1947 (Juche 36) the first triplets were born in the DPRK. At that time President Kim Il Sung said that it was a very auspicious event, adding that the country should be responsible for the coming triplets and their mothers and take special care of them.

Kim Il Sung founded the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), on September 9, Juche 37(1948).

He creditably safeguarded the sovereignty and dignity of the DPRK in the Korean War(1950-1953).

It is not fortuitous that former US President Jimmy Carter said that President Kim Il Sung was greater than the three American Presidents-George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln-put together.


Kim Jong Il who was born in Mt. Paektu on February 16, Juche 31(1942), has made the country a nuclear and military power, with the result that the DPRK could demonstrate its might as a manufacturer and launcher of artificial satellites and a science and technology power that has full command of CNC technology.

 

Kim Jong Il′s Revolutionary Career Characterized by Field Guidance

Pyongyang, March 20 (KCNA) 2012 -- The Korean Central News Agency Monday issued a report on the brilliant life of leader Kim Jong Il characterized by his field guidance in the run-up to 100 days after his demise.

The report said that Kim Jong Il visited some 14 290 units all his life to assist President Kim Il Sung with loyalty and wisely lead the struggle for the victory in the Songun revolutionary cause pioneered in the forest of Mt. Paektu.

Till the last moments of his great life he covered more than 669 844 km for field guidance, the distance equal to 17 round-the earth trips, defending the country, the revolution and socialism despite unprecedented adversity and opening a new history of building a thriving nation.

He organized a group for study tour of revolutionary battle sites, the first of its kind in the DPRK, in June 1956, exploring the way of historic tour of areas of Mt. Paektu.

He provided field guidance to the Seoul Ryu Kyong Su 105 Guards Tank Division of the Korean People's Army on Aug. 25, 1960, making a historical declaration of the successful succession to the Songun revolutionary cause started by Kim Il Sung with arms.

During the Songun revolutionary leadership he provided field guidance to more than 12 790 units and covered 629 992 km for such journeys.

Kim Jong Il provided ceaseless revolutionary leadership to bring about a great heyday in all fields of the socialist construction including politics, economy and culture, holding high the banner of Songun.

In the grimmest period for the country he conducted the grand march of Songun unprecedented in history, ushering in a new era of prosperity.

Kim Jong Il, a great revolutionary and great man, used to take a short and uncomfortable sleep and a rice ball as his meal, leading the Arduous March. He covered 353 576 km for forced marches till the last moments of his life. These facts are recorded in the history of building a thriving nation.

He unrolled a grand plan to glorify the year of 2012 which marks the centenary of the birth of Kim Il Sung as a proud and victorious year in the history of building a thriving nation. He visited Kangson on Dec. 24, 2008 and kindled a torch for a new surge.

The last three years of his life was a review of his popular and heroic life as a legendary great man unprecedented in history as he made tours day and night as a standard bearer in the ranks of the onward movement for a great surge.

In those days he visited nearly 1 000 units. He conducted ceaseless forced marches despite snowstorm and sultriness day and night.

Kim Jong Il performed undying feats on behalf of the era, the revolution, the country and the nation with his outstanding ideas and theories, extraordinary leadership, iron-willed faith and superman-like energy. As he was totally dedicated to the revolution all his life, he was aboard a train till the last moments of his life.

He made his whole life shine with self-sacrificing forced marches, enduring pent-up mental and physical stress and illness with his superman-like energy. Thanks to the devotion and indefatigable efforts of the peerlessly great man, an eternal foundation for a thriving socialist country has been laid on this land.

All the servicepersons and people of the DPRK will consider the revolutionary history of forced marches made by Kim Jong Il as an eternal treasure of Songun Korea and dash ahead like the wind, keeping pace with the footsteps of the dear respected Kim Jong Un and thus commemorate the centenary of the birth of Kim Il Sung with victories and usher in new years of prosperity, concluded the report. -0-

http://www.kcna.kp./



[ Thanks to the energetic leadership of the Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un who is ushering in the era of great change in the building of the powerful country, holding high the banner of self-development, rapid advances will be made in the cutting-edge space technology including, 3D-printing of aerospace parts technology, commercial satellite launches, quantum communications military GEO satellites, Global Reconnaissance Satellite System (Electro-Optical, SAR, ELINT, NOSS), Global Navigation Satellite System, manned spaceflight, manned space lab, rapid reaction solid propellant launchers, sea-based launchers, solid propellant manned launchers, space plane, lunar exploration, lunar return-sample, Mars exploration, etc. ]


http://www.mfa.gov.kp/en/overview/


costbreakdownb5cffea4156b9c538f5a252a290


North Korea's rare earth deposit


fc36df2b9ab14630a4c976b6c3647a8f_th.jpeg
http://img.mp.itc.cn...3647a8f_th.jpeg
http://www.sohu.com/a/134571983_748089
http://web.archive.o...3324/#msg113324
▲ As the Land Of The Morning Calm has been blessed by the heavens, the most auspicious meteorite shower coming literally out from the blue, have deposited in ancient times, one of the largest rare earth mineral deposit on its soil.
The DPRK differs from other super powers in that it uses its rare earth to produce not only cell phones, PCs and TV displays, rare earth magnets, X-ray tubes, computer memories, neutron capture, MRI contrast agent, NMR relaxation agent and other civilian consumer products, but also military technologies like tank sights, lasers, masers, radars, missile-guidance systems, satellites and aircraft electronics, etc...




Rare earths bankroll North Korea's future

Aug 8, 2012


Those who travel to North Korea regularly might have noticed that the last couple of years have brought significant improvement in the country's economic situation. Newly built high-rise apartments, modern cars on the roads and improved infrastructure come as a surprise to visitors. It begs the question, where does Pyongyang get the money from?

The ambitious rocket and nuclear programs, which North Korea continues to pursue despite international condemnation, are expensive and harmful to its economy. International sanctions continue to bite the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's foreign trade and investment prospects. Regular floods and droughts, animal epidemics and other natural disasters hit the fragile economy even harder.

According to expert estimations, the DPRK should have ceased to exist in the mid-1990s, after the demise of the Communist Bloc and Kim Il Sung died. But North Korea has fully recovered after the famine and even shows steady signs of economic growth.

Foreign critics looked everywhere with hope to unravel the mystery. After 2008, the stalled inter-Korean cooperation left North Korea without South Korean financial assistance. Western humanitarian aid has also been exhausted or reduced to a number of goods with little market value. Although the volume of North Korea's foreign trade is negligible, the domestic economic situation continues to improve. Pyongyang is routinely suspected of violating international sanctions by trading arms, smuggling drugs, counterfeiting US dollars and other crimes.

These activities would be expected to refill the impoverished state with badly needed foreign exchange. However, anti-proliferation operations and bank account arrests have never disclosed anything criminal nor did they manage to answer the main question: where does the money come from?

In fact, North Korea is sitting on the goldmine. The northern side of the Korean peninsula is well known for its rocky terrain, with 85% of the country composed of mountains. It hosts sizeable deposits of more than 200 different minerals, of which deposits of coal, iron ore, magnesite, gold ore, zinc ore, copper ore, limestone, molybdenum, and graphite are the largest and have the potential for the development of large-scale mines.

After China, North Korea's magnesite reserves are the second-largest in the world, and its tungsten deposits are almost the world's sixth-largest. Still the value of all these resources pales in comparison to prospects that promise the exploration and export of rare earth metals.

Rare earth metals are a group of 17 elements found in the earth's crust. They are essential in the manufacture of high-tech products and in green technologies, such as wind turbines, solar panels or hybrid cars.

Known as "the vitamins of high-tech industries," REMs are minerals necessary for making everything that we use on a daily basis, such as smartphones, flat-screen TVs, and notebook computers. Some rare earth metals, such as cerium and neodymium, are crucial elements in semiconductors, cars, computers and other advanced technological areas. Other types of REMs can be used to build tanks and airplanes, missiles and lasers.

South Korea estimates the total value of the North's mineral deposits at more than US$6 trillion. Not surprisingly, despite high political and security tensions, Seoul is showing a growing interest in developing REMs together with Pyongyang.

In 2011, after receiving permission from the Ministry of Unification, officials from the Korea Resources Corp visited North Korea twice to study the condition of a graphite mine. Together with their counterparts from the DPRK's National Economic Cooperation Federation they had working-level talks at the Kaesong Industrial Complex on jointly digging up REMs in North Korea. An analysis of samples obtained in North Korea showed that the type of rare earth metals could be useful in the manufacture of liquid crystal display (LCD) panels and optical lenses.

The joint report also revealed that there are large deposits of high-grade REMs in the western and eastern parts of North Korea, where prospecting work and mining have already begun. It also reported that a number of the rare earth elements are being studied in scientific institutes, while some of the research findings have already been introduced in economic sectors. The North built a REM reprocessing plant in Hamhung in the 1990s but has been unable to put the plant into full operation due to power and supply bottlenecks.

Rare earth minerals are becoming increasingly expensive, as China, the world's largest rare earth supplier, puts limits on its output and exports. In February, China's exports of rare earth metals exceeded the price of $1 million per ton, a nearly 900% increase in prices from the preceding year.

China, which controls more than 95% of global production of rare earth metals, has an estimated 55 million tons in REM deposits. North Korea has up to 20 million tons of REM deposits but does not have the technology to explore its reserves or to produce goods for the high-tech industry. Nevertheless, in 2009 the DPRK's exports of rare metals to China stood at $16 million, and as long as someone invests, exports will continue to expand.

This growing rise in REM prices and strong demand gives the young leader Kim Jong Un a good chance to improve the economic standing of North Korea without actually reforming its economy.

Following the Gulf States' and Russian example of catching the wind of rising oil prices in their sails, Pyongyang is likely to follow suit, becoming rich and powerful through the exploration and sale of natural resources. The export of rare earth metals will replenish the state coffers; stimulate the loyalty of the elites to Kim Jong Un's rule; and secure the growth of consumption among the ordinary people.

Relations with South Korea, China and Japan are also likely to improve due to the large scale cooperation on exploring, processing and utilizing REMs - the mineral of the 21st century.

Pyongyang needs international assistance through joint projects to explore its mineral resources, and mainly its rare metal and rare earth minerals. North Korean and Chinese teams have been cooperating to explore mineral resources in the DPRK for many decades. Seoul has recently expressed interest in working with Pyongyang on mining projects and technological innovations.

Perhaps, Japan and Taiwan, which look for alternative REM supplies for their micro-processor and other cutting edge industries, might also decide to contribute to the development of this economically promising venture.

Therefore, the promise of Kim Jong Il will soon come true and North Korea may become a "rich and prosperous state" - rich in natural resources and empowered by nuclear technologies. In that case, North Korea might not even need to go through a painful and potentially destabilizing economic reform.


Although the political system will remain socialist, the idea of unification with the South by war or absorption will soon become meaningless. Gradually the level of prosperity in the two halves of the divided Korea will start equalizing, opening more opportunities for greater exchange and cooperation.

 

Largest known rare earth deposit in the world discovered in North Korea

Dec. 5, 2013

Privately-held SRE Minerals on Wednesday announced the discovery in North Korea of what is believed to be the largest deposit of rare earth elements anywhere in the world.

SRE also signed a joint venture agreement with the Korea Natural Resources Trading Corporation for rights to develop REE deposits at Jongju in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea for the next 25 years with a further renewal period of 25 years.

The joint venture company known as Pacific Century Rare Earth Mineral Limited, based in the British Virgin Islands, has also been granted permission for a processing plant on site at Jongju, situated approximately 150 km north-northwest of the capital of Pyongyang.

The initial assessment of the Jongju target indicates a total mineralisation potential of 6 billion tonnes with total 216.2 million tonnes rare-earth-oxides including light REEs such as lanthanum, cerium and praseodymium; mainly britholite and associated rare earth minerals. Approximately 2.66% of the 216.2 million tonnes consists of more valuable heavy rare-earth-elements.

According Dr Louis Schurmann, Fellow of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and lead scientist on the project, the Jongju deposit is the world's largest known REE occurrence.

The 216 million tonne Jongju deposit, theoretically worth trillions of dollars, would more than double the current global known resource of REE oxides which according to the US Geological Survey is pegged at 110 million tonnes.

Minerals like fluorite, apatite, zircon, nepheline, feldspar, and ilmenite are seen as potential by-products to the mining and recovery of REE at Jongju.

Further exploration is planned for March 2014, which will includes 96,000m (Phase 1) and 120,000m (Phase 2) of core drilling, with results reported according to the Australia's JORC Code, a standard for mineral disclosure similar to Canada's widely used National Instrument 43-101.

An industry in turmoil

The majority of the 17 rare earth elements used in a variety of industries including green technology, defence systems and consumer electronics were sourced from placer deposits in India and Brazil in the late 1940s.

During the 1950s, South Africa mined the majority of the world's REEs from large veins of rare earth-bearing monazite.

From the 1960s to 1980s, rare earths were supplied mainly from the US, mostly from the massive Mountain Pass mine in California, which was eventually mothballed in 2002.

China then took over the industry completely, producing more than 95% of the world's REEs centred in Inner Mongolia and also becoming the top consumer ahead of Japan and South Korea.

Worries about China's monopoly of production sent prices for all rare earths into the stratosphere from 2008 onwards with some REEs going up in price twenty-fold or more.

That reignited interest in the sector with dozens of explorers active around the globe making major discoveries from Canada and Greenland to Madagascar and Malawi.

Molycorp's (NYSE:MCP) Mountain Pass is almost back to full production, Lynas Corp's (ASX:LYC) Mount Weld mine in Australia and plant in Malaysia opened last year, while Saskatoon-based Great Western Minerals (CVE:GWG) is recommissioning the Steenkampskraal mine in South Africa with Chinese backing.

Prices have now come back down to earth with most REEs dropping in price by 70% or more after peaking in 2011.

For instance, the most abundant and cheapest of these, cerium oxide which is used to polish TV screens and lenses is now trading at $8.50 from all-time highs of $118 in the September 2011. The price for cerium oxide was $4.56 in 2008.

The reversal in europium oxide the priciest of the widely-used heavy REEs used in medical imaging and the nuclear and defence industries has also been dramatic.

The price of europium increased more than 10-fold from $403 in 2009 to an average of $4,900 in the third quarter of 2011.

It is now worth $1,110 a kilogram in the export market, while Chinese domestic europium is another $500 cheaper at $630/kg.

http://www.mining.co...th-korea-86139/



Rare earths, in order of atomic number

There are 17 elements that are considered to be rare earth elements. Here they are listed in order of atomic number (Z):
  • Scandium or Sc (21)

    Scandium, a silvery-white metal, is used in many consumer products, such as televisions and fluorescent or energy-saving lamps. In industry, its primary use is to strengthen metal compounds. The only concentrated sources of scandium currently known are in rare minerals such as thortveitite, euxenite, and gadolinite from Scandinavia and Madagascar.
  • Yttrium or Y (39)

    Yttrium is used in many vital applications, such as superconductors, powerful pulsed lasers, cancer treatment drugs, rheumatoid arthritis medicines, and surgical supplies. A silvery metal, it is also used in many consumer products, such as color televisions and camera lenses.
  • Lanthanum or La (57)

    This silver-white metal is one of the most reactive rare earth elements. It is used to make special optical glasses, including infrared absorbing glass, camera and telescope lenses, and can also be used to make steel more malleable. Other applications for lanthanum include wastewater treatment and petroleum refining.
  • Cerium or Ce (58)

    Named for the Roman goddess of agriculture, Ceres, cerium is a silvery-white metal that easily oxidizes in the air. It is the most abundant of the rare earth elements and has many uses. For instance, cerium oxide is used as a catalyst in catalytic converters in automotive exhaust systems to reduce emissions, and is highly desirable for precision glass polishing. Cerium can also be used in iron, magnesium and aluminum alloys, magnets, certain types of electrodes, and carbon-arc lighting.
  • Praseodymium or Pr (59)

    This soft, silvery metal was first used to create a yellow-orange stain for ceramics. Although still used to color certain types of glasses and gemstones, praseodymium is primarily used in rare earth magnets. It can also be found in applications as diverse as creating high-strength metals found in aircraft engines and in flint for starting fires.
  • Neodymium or Nd (60)

    Another soft, silvery metal, neodymium is used with praseodymium to create some of the strongest permanent magnets available. Such magnets are found in most modern vehicles and aircraft, as well as popular consumer electronics such as headphones, microphones and computer discs. Neodymium is also used to make high-powered, infrared lasers for industrial and defense applications.
  • Promethium or Pm (61)

    Although the search for the element with atomic number 61 began in 1902, it was not until 1947 that scientists conclusively produced and characterized promethium, which is named for a character in Greek mythology. It is the only naturally radioactive rare earth element, and virtually all promethium in the earth's crust has long ago decayed into other elements. Today, it is largely artificially created, and used in watches, pacemakers, and in scientific research.
  • Samarium or Sm (62)

    This silvery metal can be used in several vital ways. First, it is part of very powerful magnets used in many transportation, defense, and commercial technologies. Second, in conjunction with other compounds for intravenous radiation treatment it can kill cancer cells and is used to treat lung, prostate, breast and some forms of bone cancer. Because it is a stable neutron absorber, samarium is used in control rods of nuclear reactors.
  • Europium or Eu (63)

    Named for the continent of Europe, europium is a hard metal used to create visible light in compact fluorescent bulbs and in color displays. Europium phosphors help bring bright red to color displays and helped to drive the popularity of early generations of color television sets. Fittingly, it is used to make the special phosphors marks on bank notes that prevent counterfeiting.
  • Gadolinium or Gd (64)

    Gadolinium has particular properties that make it especially suited for functions such as shielding in nuclear reactors and neutron radiography. It can target tumors in neuron therapy and can enhance magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), assisting in both the treatment and diagnosis of cancer. X-rays and bone density tests can also use gadolinium, making this rare earth element a major contributor to modern health care solutions.
  • Terbium or Tb (65)

    This silvery rare earth metal is so soft it can be cut with a knife. Terbium is often used in compact fluorescent lighting, color displays, and as an additive to permanent rare earth magnets to allow them to function better under higher temperatures. It can be found in fuel cells designed to operate at elevated temperatures, in some electronic devices and in naval sonar systems. Discovered in 1843, terbium in its alloy form has the highest magnetostriction of any such substance, meaning it changes its shape due to magnetization more than any other alloy. This property makes terbium a vital component of Terfenol-D, which has many important uses in defense and commercial technologies.
  • Dysprosium or Dy (66)

    Another soft, silver metal, dysprosium has one of the highest magnetic strengths of the elements, matched only by holmium. Dysprosium is often added to permanent rare earth magnets to help them operate more efficiently at higher temperatures. Lasers and commercial lighting can use dysprosium, which may also be used to create hard computer disks and other electronics that require certain magnetic properties. Dysprosium may also be used in nuclear reactors and modern, energy-efficient vehicles.
  • Holmium or Ho (67)

    Holmium was discovered in 1878 and named for the city of Stockholm. Along with dysprosium, holmium has incredible magnetic properties. In fact, some of the strongest artificially created magnetic fields are the result of magnetic flux concentrators made with holmium alloys. In addition to providing coloring to cubic zirconia and glass, holmium can be used in nuclear control rods and microwave equipment.
  • Erbium or Er (68)

    Another rare earth with nuclear applications, erbium can be found in neutron-absorbing control rods. It is a key component of high-performance fiber optic communications systems, and can also be used to give glass and other materials a pink color, which has both aesthetic and industrial purposes. Erbium can also help create lasers, including some used for medical purposes.
  • Thulium or Tm (69)

    A silvery-gray metal, thulium is one of the least abundant rare earths. Its isotopes are widely used as the radiation device in portable X-rays, making thulium a highly useful material. Thulium is also a component of highly efficient lasers with various uses in defense, medicine and meteorology.
  • Ytterbium or Yb (70)

    This element, named for a village in Sweden associated with its discovery, has several important uses in health care, including in certain cancer treatments. Ytterbium can also enhance stainless steel and be used to monitor the effects of earthquakes and explosions on the ground.
  • Lutetium or Lu (71)

    The last of the rare earth elements by atomic number has several interesting uses. For instance, lutetium isotopes can help reveal the age of ancient items, like meteorites. It also has applications related to petroleum refining and positron emission tomography. Experimentally, lutetium isotopes have been used to target certain types of tumors.
http://www.atimes.co...oxic-priceless/

http://www.atimes.co...a/NH08Dg01.html


Rare Earth Development in DPRK

Pyongyang, September 21 (KCNA) 2011? -- The Democratic People's Republic of Korea pays much effort to developing rare-earth goods which are of weighty importance in updating overall science and technologies and upgrading the people's livelihood.

The country boasts of large deposits of rare earths, including fluorocarbonic cerium, monazite, phosphor johnstrupite and pyrochlore.

Researches into rare earths have been intensified in the country from the 1960s.


At first, a basic research for selecting rare-earth elements from minerals was made, followed by a metallurgical research for deriving rare-earth metals from them. Then technologies were developed to make rare-earth goods and apply them to different economic sectors.

A method of processing fluorocarbonic cerium was established, with rare earths applied to making molecular fertilizers, various kinds of additives for stockbreeding, fish farming and silk raising, permanent magnet, alloys, medicines and medical instruments.

Kim Il Sung University and other research centers are now making researches in quantum chemistry for rare-earth compounds and materials and in manufacture of rare-earth nano materials with use of supercritical fluid.

The country has also paid attention to preventing environmental pollution and invigorated scientific and technological exchange with other nations in developing rare earth resources. -0-


http://www.kcna.kp./



DPRK Encourages Foreign Investment

Pyongyang, March 23 (KCNA) 2012 -- The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is willing to further improve its environment for foreign investment, Yun Yong Sok, a vice department director of the DPRK Committee for Investment and Joint Venture, told KCNA.

He said:

The joint development and management in the two economic zones takes on a new way of cooperation. Now it has been under way in a creditable way, driven by the active efforts of both sides of the DPRK and China.

Rare earth abundant in the country and infrastructure projects lure foreign investment in the DPRK.

http://www.kcna.kp/u...2&newsno=317911




North Korea's uranium deposit


August 7, 2013

Meanwhile, technical officers in another division of the navy's research organization, the Bureau of Ships, also began a preliminary investigation of nuclear fission for military purposes.
...

In the manufacture of these highly volatile chemicals, the electrolytic process yielded small amounts of "heavy water"(i.e. deuterium oxide) as a by-product.
Long after the war, some seized on the presence of heavy water at the NZ plant as evidence of Japan's "nuclear research" at Hungnam

Heavy water is but one of many components that can be used in the construction of a nuclear reactor, but it is not essential.
...
Nishina, the civilian scientist in charge of nuclear research for the army at the Riken, once entertained the idea of constructing a type of nuclear "heat engine," that would have used a mixture of "light" water and enriched uranium
...
It is well documented in Japanese and U.S. sources that, during the war, both the Japanese army and navy made efforts to locate uranium-bearing ores in Korea. Sometime around spring 1943, the army sent an officer to Korea to examine the Kikune mine near Seoul.

The army also sent orders to its field commanders in Manchukuo (i.e. Manchuria), China, and in the South Sea Islands to find uranium. Research expeditions were even sent to Mongolia and as far away as Burma. Some uranium-bearing ores were located in Manchuria, but their uranium content was very low, and they were never shipped to Japan.
...
Only a heavily industrialized site such as Hungnam with its connection to the great hydroelectric generating plants could have supported a viable effort to enrich uranium on a large-scale.
...

Nearly a year later, U.S. military intelligence officials in occupied Japan also began to hear rumors that the Soviets were engaged in surveying and mining uranium bearing ores in northern Korea.
...

Just four months after the outbreak of the Korean War, the Times reported that a South Korean Army unit had captured what appeared to be a uranium ore processing plant in Hungnam
...
What the documents revealed was actually Nishina's design for something akin to a crude nuclear reactor


 

Largest known rare earth deposit discovered in north Korea

a total mineralisation potential of 6 billion tonnes with total 216.2 million tonnes rare-earth-oxides including light rare earth elements (REEs)

Uranium in north Korea is commonly found in monazite, a phosphate mineral that also contains thorium.

http://www.nknews.or...anium-deposits/

Monazite deposits are mined for their rare earth and thorium content.

http://geology.com/m.../monazite.shtml


http://www.mining.co...th-korea-86139/


http://wwwtest.bgsu....ruden-essay.pdf




North Korea's crude oil reserves


Mar 24,2015

"We estimate there are 60 billion to 90 billion barrels of crude oil reserves in North Korea," said a North Korean economic official at the time.

If those arguments turn out to be true, North Korea has the eighth-largest crude oil reserves in the world, next to the United Arab Emirates.

24050450.jpg

http://koreajoongang...spx?aid=3002247


Edited by Soheil, Yesterday, 10:24 AM.

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#3 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:52 PM

Pre-Space Age Era Korean major milestones

2016020129412358.jpg
https://www.jajusibo...20129412358.jpg
http://changesk.blog.../blog-post.html
▲ 1395 star map based on a Goguryeo Kingdom era (37 BC-668 AD) sky map.



Korean pre-black powder Era developments


Smokescreen

2009

The second aspect of assault tactics of the turtle ship (귀선, 龜船: Kwisong; 거북선: Kopuksong) was its first ever employment of smokescreen in the world.
As already mentioned, the mouth of the head of dragon mounted in the bow spouted flaming substances and thick smoke, blinding the enemy and making then puzzled as to the exact location of the ship. The smoke was that of burnt sulfur and nitre.

Nitre is a powder which gives off black smoke in combustion. It is a mixture of kalium nitrate (or acetic acid), sulfur and powdered charcoal, that is, black powder in which kalium nitrate acts as the oxidizer, charcoal as the combustible and sulfur as the ignition stimulator. It burns quickly but is far less powerful than smokeless powder or explosive invented in 1890.

Nitre was invented by Korean ancestors, but no evidence of the exact date is available, presumably before when Kwangyo, a sort of powder weapon, was in use.

In this sense, Choe Mu Son's brainchild in the reign of Koryo was a re-invention of powder.

According to the official record of the world's naval history, smokescreen was first applied by the Russian navy in November 1914, later by the British in March 1915 and by the Germans in April 1916.


smokecreen.1499715463.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1499715463.jpg
www.naenara.com.kp/en/book/download.php?7+7006
▲ Principle of Turtle ship's smokecreen facilities



92A620149243424.jpg
http://www.jzmsg.cn/...20149243424.jpg
http://www.jzmsg.cn/...1835599B1AA&a=s
▲ Turtle ship's smokecreen pipe in the dragon's mouth



7ypAcQ.jpg
http://easyread.ph.1...86174191650.jpg
http://j.news.163.co...MK9001GHML.html
▲ Armor plated Turtle ship(龟船), modern scaled model.



7ypAcW.jpg
http://easyread.ph.1...45978451719.jpg
http://j.news.163.co...MK9001GHML.html
▲ Turtle ship Vs Nihon Maru in 1592 battle of Angolpo, modern western depiction. (龟船与安宅船的死斗)


www.naenara.com.kp/en/book/download.php?7+7006


Earlier Korean black powder Era developments


Successful reverse engineering of black powder in Korea

The Koreans had tried to acquire rockets and black powder and their production methods from China. The Chinese, however, regarded the technology of black powder as a state secret and restricted access to it and trade in its nitrous raw materials (which could only be found in China). The Koreans therefore sought to acquire the manufacturing secrets of black powder for themselves and, in 1374 (~1376), Choe Mu Son was able to bribe a Han Chinese merchant to obtain the secret formula for manufacturing black powder, as well as technical knowledge about Chinese firearm and cannon technology. He also successfully extracted potassium nitrate from the soil and rocks, and developed Korea's first black powder.

http://seer.snu.ac.kr/trip/anc-4.html


Choe Mu Son, Inventor of Powder Weapons

September 29. 2011 Juch 100

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Choe Mu Son (최무선, 崔茂宣) (1326-1395) invented powder and powder weapons for the first time in Korea.

Choe suffered from the Japanese invasion in his childhood. After a decade of strenuous efforts, he succeeded in inventing powder and powder weapons.

Among his inventions are cannons and shells of different shapes.

He reshaped vessels to be suitable for powder weapons.

He was also a famous military commander. Under his command, some 100 cannon-equipped vessels of Koryo, the first united state of Korea, won a big victory in a battle with 500 Japanese vessels in the sea off Jinpho in Aug. 1380.

It was the first gun battle in the sea in the world, with such battle waged in Europe in 1571.

http://www.kcna.co.j...10929-41ee.html


Cholryongjin anti-ship ballistic weapon

Cholryongjin large-size guns with ASBW (대장군전) for naval warfare developed by Choe Mu Son

The Choson Dynasty missile was originally made from the concept of a big arrow. According to the 'Vernacular Explanation of the Technique of Using Firearms' (화포식언해, 火砲式諺解) published in the year 1335 (1635) after the Japanese invasion of Imjin War, the weapon was made from two years old wood, weighing about 33.7 kg. It is said to have reached about 1.6 km. He attached iron stabilizer fins, and iron bullets to the warhead.

After carrying out restoration work at the Naval Academy, it was reported that it could penetrated 80cm granite as a result of shooting experiments with actual gunpowder. It is believed that if this was the case, it would have been possible to sink a boat made of wood at the time of the Japanese invasion. At that time, there was a record that soldiers were confused by this Choson Dynasty weapon of terror.


40.jpg
http://www.naenara.c...7/iron/1/40.jpg
http://www.naenara.c...iron&&type=main
▲ Cholryongjin ASBW developed by Choe Mu Son


37508FE854CF4C059BFEBD594510E05C.png
https://210.178.100....D594510E05C.png
http://210.178.100.3...&pageNo=3&cmd=2
▲ Cholryongjin ASBW developed by Choe Mu Son


2016122710291750951_3.jpg
https://cphoto.asiae...291750951_3.jpg
http://military.asia...122710291750951
▲ Modern firing of an Cholryongjin ASBW developed by Choe Mu Son


photo553797.png
https://www.hancinem...photo553797.png
http://www.hancinema...4fps-77679.html
https://namu.wiki/w/대장군전
▲ "The Admiral: Roaring Currents" movie scene of an Cholryongjin ASBW developed by Choe Mu Son


http://military.asia...122710291750951



Earlier Korean developments in rocketry


The largest rocket weapon of the 15th century

2014.05.27

Dae Singijeon Rocket (대신기전, 大神機箭, Great Divine Weapon) with 2 km range and maximum 3 km range, a mass of 5 kg (3 kg of solid propellant), 102mm diameter, and a lenght of 5.6 meters developed in 1448 AD.

2015042701899_0.jpg
https://image.chosun...042701899_0.jpg
http://premium.chosu...5042701997.html


P1100423-1.1495060922.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1495060922.jpg
https://cfile227.uf....74C4000D468B762
http://blog.daum.net/bae6607/7847795


http://blog.daum.net/haedod/15671566


Korea's 15th century first two stage rocket

2014.05.27

Sanhwa Singijeon Rocket (산화신기전, 散火神機箭, Fire Scattering Divine Weapon) with 2.4 km range and maximum 3.4 km range, 135mm diameter, and a lenght of 5.3 meters, developed in 1448 AD.
Korea's first two stage rocket, with iron fragmentation warhead. World's only second two stage rocket, after China's Huolong chushui (火龙出水) ~1403 AD (https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-cn/火龍神器陣法)


http://m.blog.daum.n...tegoryId=682439


Earlier Korean developments in manned flight


Haneul daramjui (하늘다람쥐, 「天松鼠」: Sky Squirrel)

yamisora.jpg
https://www.tougewo-.../2/yamisora.jpg
http://www.tougewo-k.../momonga02.html
▲ モモンガの特徴でもある移動手段が滑空です。通常は20~30mの飛行距離ですが時折、50m以上もあるところから滑空してくることもあります。音も無く飛んできますがモモンガの目は、真剣です
Front cam view


original.jpg
https://photo1.ganre...8c/original.jpg
http://ganref.jp/m/t...1be3ac8cc8f408c
▲ エゾモモンガの飛行シーン
Front cam view



a0145819_2122293.jpg
https://pds.exblog.j...819_2122293.jpg
http://yah55.exblog.jp/21557227/
▲ フライング・モモ
Side cam view



b0189415_20195788.jpg
https://pds.exblog.j...15_20195788.jpg
http://troutinn.exblog.jp/24748009/
▲ モモンガ滑空 (2015/08/01) の記事画像
Ground cam view



b0189415_1991587.jpg
https://pds.exblog.j...415_1991587.jpg
http://troutinn.exblog.jp/24846530/
▲ エゾモモンガ (2015/09/01) の記事画像
Rear cam view



The endangered animal, designated as Natural Monument No. 328, is named "haneul daramjui," or "sky squirrel."

http://app.yonhapnew...150407028400341



Korea's 16th century flying vehicle

2010.07.16

Pikŏ, Flying Vehicle in Joseon Dynasty

Pikŏ (비거, 飛車; alternative romanization 'Bigeo') is a flying platform constructed by Jeong Pyeonggu in 1590s AD and that can fly like an airplane. The platform, which is recorded in ancient documents, is 300 years ahead of western countries who started developing motorized airplanes only in the early 20th century. Pikŏ had a large leather bag at the center of the body filled with compressed air, and when a cap under the bag was opened, can fly upward by the reactive force of the compressed air ejected through the hole.

_MG_4081.1497756265.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1497756265.jpg
http://cfile207.uf.d...94D43F5E722413D
http://blog.daum.net/dong2013/8926394
▲ Pikŏ manned winged Flying Vehicles, different unpropelled and propelled speculative modern scaled models



P1100429.1495061374.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1495061374.jpg
https://cfile233.uf....64C3FFEDB64A3E0
https://www.google.c.../sAEQ4ZQEdXD_kg
▲ Pikŏ manned unpropelled gliding winged Flying Vehicle, speculative modern scaled model of the Joseon Dynasty, Gwacheon National Science Museum


P1100422.1495061467.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1495061467.jpg
https://cfile227.uf....64C3FFEDA61E5C2
http://blog.daum.net/bae6607/7847795
▲ Pikŏ manned unpropelled gliding winged Flying Vehicle speculative modern scaled model



P1100379.1495061543.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1495061543.jpg
https://cfile204.uf....64C3FFEDA608054
http://blog.daum.net/bae6607/7847795
▲ Pikŏ manned unpropelled gliding winged Flying Vehicle speculative modern scaled model



P1100421.1495061627.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1495061627.jpg
https://cfile223.uf....64C3FFEDB6309FC
http://blog.daum.net/bae6607/7847795
▲ Pikŏ manned gas-propelled winged Flying Vehicle, alternative speculative modern scaled model



img_phpEgB22p_Sovremennye-issledovaniya-
https://arhivurokov....kosmosa_0_4.jpg
https://multiurok.ru...ia-kosmosa.html
http://www.lib.xjtu....huanji/p336.htm
▲ Comparison with Wan Hu's (万虎) rocket-propelled manned winged Flying Vehicle, of 1465 AD. Speculative modern representation, ridiculous and obviously inaccurate, as phantasized in the West.



winged_rocket_bomb.gif
http://www.tstss.edu...rocket_bomb.gif
http://www.tstss.edu...rocket_bomb.htm
▲ Wan Hu's (万虎) rocket propelled manned winged Flying Vehicle:
More likely a rocket plane based on an upscaled, manned version of the world's first military winged rocket, the Shenhuo Feiya (神火飞鸦: Divine fire flying crow) ~1403 AD, powered by 4 external solid fuel strap-on boosters, the fuselage containing explosive charge, with a powered and gliding total range of 300 meters (http://baike.baidu.com/item/神火飞鸦/79429)




http://blog.daum.net/bae6607/7847795


2016/06/01

Pikŏ, which means flying vehicle, is a platform that Jung Pyung Gu (정평구, 鄭平九)(1566-1624), an inventor of the Joseon Dynasty, constructed and used during the Imjin War Japanese invasion.

Pikŏ was a full-fledged flying vehicle, with a crew of two people, and capable of achieving a ~12 km controlled flight.

The maneuvering method is done by pulling strings attached to the wing by hand and to press the foot plate attached to the tail wing.

It is made of bamboo, paper, silk, etc.

http://www.yonhapnew...1122600005.HTML


December 09, 2000

The first model of Korea's non-motorized aviation model, which is recorded in the literature, is displayed at the Air Force Academy Museum and is open to the general public.

The Korean Air Force constructed a half-size model of the Pikŏ (length 6.3, width 11.5, gross mass 32.5 kg) restored with materials such as bamboo, paper, silk, etc,
The Korean Air Force official said that although there is no known blueprint, it unequivocality shows that the Korean people has used aircraft for military purposes more than 300 years before the Wright brothers.

http://www.munhwa.co...901032225025004


Edited by Soheil, 16 July 2017 - 08:17 PM.

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#4 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:53 PM

Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones


2017/07/17

A concert celebrating the successful test launch of the Hwasong-14 ICBM, was held in the Ryongyang Jung Ju Young Gymnasium on July 9, 2017, where 190 anniversary images titled 'Day of the Great Leader who set up the rocket power' were displayed on a giant screen.

These were a testimony to the missile development history of the Korean nation, over the past half century, and starting from 1964, which was still unknown to the world.



http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=



On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Il Sung


p1.1500162582.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500162582.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video
'Day of the Great Leader who set up the rocket power', or half a century of space race


p2.1500162726.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500162726.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-1 SAM?, from 13 July 2017 video


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http://ipic.su/img/i....1500162775.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


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http://ipic.su/img/i....1500162830.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


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http://ipic.su/img/i....1500162872.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


p6.1500162925.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500162925.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


p7.1500162959.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500162959.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=
▲ Image of Ponghae-1 SAM, from 13 July 2017 video
This photo shows Kim Il Sung taking a look at the surface-to-air missile Lightning-1. Since the Lightning-1 SAM was produced in Korea from October 20, 1968, the photograph was taken at the same time. The Lightning-1 SAM is a license produce of the Soviet S-75 SAM, which is designed as a two-stages missile. The first stage propellant uses solid fuel and the second stage propellant uses liquid fuel. Lightning-1 is flying at a speed of Mach 3, with a range of 45 km, and an interception altitude of 25 km.



p8.1500163006.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163006.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-1 SAM, from 13 July 2017 video


p9.1500163045.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163045.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


p10.1500163089.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163089.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


p11.1500163122.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163122.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-1 SAM, from 13 July 2017 video


p12.1500163167.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163167.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Kumsong-1 ASCM, from 13 July 2017 video


p13.1500163204.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163204.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


p14.1500163237.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163237.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


p15.1500163272.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163272.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


p16.1500163305.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163305.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


p17.1500163346.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163346.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 18 July 2017 - 04:24 AM.

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#5 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:54 PM

Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones

On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Il Part1

p18.1500163379.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163379.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


p19.1500163416.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163416.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile from 13 July 2017 video


p20.1500163454.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163454.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile from 13 July 2017 video


p21.1500163488.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163488.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile TEL from 13 July 2017 video


p22.1500163521.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163521.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile from 13 July 2017 video


p23.1500163565.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163565.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Kumsong-1 ASCM, from 13 July 2017 video


p24.1500163596.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163596.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile from 13 July 2017 video


p25.1500163639.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163639.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_21-30-31.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163699.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-32-07.1500163758.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163758.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of a Kumsong-1 ASCM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-32-38.1500163821.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163821.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of a Kumsong-1 ASCM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-32-59.1500163870.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163870.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Kumsong-1 ASCM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-33-18.1500163914.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163914.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Kumsong-1 ASCM nosecones, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-33-41.1500163968.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500163968.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Kumsong-1 ASCM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-33-57.1500164009.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164009.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-7 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-34-08.1500164058.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164058.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-7 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-34-21.1500164109.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164109.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-34-32.1500164149.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164149.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile nosecones, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-34-43.1500164205.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164205.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-34-55.1500164258.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164258.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, possibly from February 1994 of an airfield, showing a Mokson-2's first stage engine bay and two Mokson-1 engines (out of four), and one turbopump exhaust pipe (out of four)


2017-07-15_21-35-07.1500164315.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164315.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-6(?) ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-35-48.1500164348.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164348.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-6(?) ballistic missile TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-35-58.1500164391.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164391.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-6(?) ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-36-07.1500164431.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164431.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile nosecone, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-36-20.1500164502.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164502.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image possibly of the Mokson-1/Paektusan-1's first stage engine, from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 22 July 2017 - 09:49 AM.

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#6 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:55 PM

Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones

On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Il Part2

2017-07-15_21-36-54.1500164558.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164558.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-37-08.1500164600.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164600.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-4 SAM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-37-21.1500164635.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164635.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-4 SAM, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_21-38-02.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164687.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-38-13.1500164724.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164724.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-38-26.1500164760.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164760.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
http://www.jajusibo....72456583525.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video
This photo is one of the images on the background behind the scenes of the concert music dance performance of the success of the trial launch of the intercontinental ballistic rocket conducted in Pyongyang on July 9, 2017, attended by the chairman of the commission.
It is a scene where Kim Jong Il is talking to field commanders near a six-axis 12-wheel vehicle in front of the door of an underground missile base. The TEL vehicle is transporting a covered Hwasong-10 medium-range ballistic missile. Underground missile bases have been built in cave formations, and the entrance is well hidden, so they are not exposed to enemy air reconnaissance. Korea has built numerous nuclear defense facilities across the country, many of which differ in size, form and purpose.



2017-07-15_21-38-41.1500164801.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164801.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_21-42-20.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164845.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-11 solid fuel SRBM, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_21-46-06.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164886.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_21-48-58.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164930.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-5 SAM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-51-10.1500164968.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500164968.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-5 SAM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-51-22.1500165010.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165010.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-5 SAM, from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 24 July 2017 - 11:14 AM.

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#7 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:56 PM

Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones

On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Il Part3


2017-07-15_21-51-33.1500165054.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165054.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-51-46.1500165091.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165091.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-51-59.1500165130.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165130.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-52-10.1500165174.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165174.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-52-20.1500165212.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165212.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-52-32.1500165250.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165250.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-52-45.1500165294.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165294.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-52-54.1500165333.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165333.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile first stage, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-53-04.1500165371.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165371.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing a Hwasong-13 first stage (with 2 main engines) and four verniers


2017-07-15_21-53-20.1500165420.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165420.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing a Hwasong-13 first stage with 2 main engines and four verniers


2017-07-15_21-53-31.1500165467.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165467.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing various parts of the Mokson-1 engines, including injector plates, combustors and expansion nozzles, and also verniers engines


2017-07-15_21-53-41.1500165511.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165511.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing various parts of smaller engines, including injector plates, combustors and expansion nozzles, and also verniers engines


2017-07-15_21-54-28.1500165552.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165552.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_21-54-43.1500165599.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165599.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_21-55-58.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165643.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 16 July 2017 - 08:23 PM.

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#8 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:57 PM

Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones

On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part1


2017-07-15_21-56-11.1500165762.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165762.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile nosecone, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_21-58-02.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165802.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_22-00-16.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165859.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_22-03-27.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165904.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_22-04-59.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165945.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_22-05-37.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500165988.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-05-48.1500166032.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166032.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-05-59.1500166069.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166069.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-06-08.1500166109.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166109.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-06-18.1500166154.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166154.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-06-28.1500166186.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166186.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of strategic submarine, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-06-40.1500166220.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166220.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-class SLBM?, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-06-51.1500166254.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166254.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-07-02.1500166293.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166293.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-07-19.1500166332.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166332.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-07-27.1500166382.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166382.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-07-38.1500166415.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166415.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-07-46.1500166465.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166465.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-07-56.1500166507.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166507.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-08-05.1500166590.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166590.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-08-14.1500166631.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166631.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-08-23.1500166674.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166674.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile nosecone, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-08-33.1500166706.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166706.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile nosecone, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-08-43.1500166739.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166739.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile nosecone, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-08-52.1500166783.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166783.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 21 July 2017 - 08:23 AM.

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#9 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:58 PM



Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones

On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part2


2017-07-15_22-09-01.1500166819.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166819.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Static Test Stand during the March 15, 2016 Reentry Simulation, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-09-10.1500166860.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166860.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-09-18.1500166910.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166910.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image showing the aftermath of 15 March 2016 North Korean experimental reentry vehicle nose cap static test, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-09-28.1500166963.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166963.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM static ground testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-09-37.1500167001.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167001.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM static ground testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-09-46.1500167080.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167080.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-09-55.1500167121.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167121.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-10-03.1500167165.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167165.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-5 SAM testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-10-12.1500167203.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167203.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-10-21.1500167252.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167252.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10 first stage engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-10-31.1500167291.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167291.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-13 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-10-40.1500167343.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167343.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-10-49.1500167378.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167378.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-10-58.1500167419.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167419.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-11-07.1500167455.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167455.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-11-16.1500167492.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167492.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-12-13.1500167536.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167536.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-12-23.1500167572.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167572.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-12-34.1500167614.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167614.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-12-45.1500167651.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167651.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-12-55.1500167691.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167691.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10 nosecone, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-13-05.1500167730.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167730.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-13-14.1500167766.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167766.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ 20 September 2016 image of the Paektusan-1 Series 80-tf liquid rocket engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 16 July 2017 - 08:26 PM.

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#10 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 04:59 PM

Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones

On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part3

2017-07-15_22-13-25.1500167806.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167806.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing an older Hwasong-10(?) first stage with one main engine and two verniers


2017-07-15_22-13-36.1500167848.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167848.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10(?) ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_22-14-42.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167908.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10(?) ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-14-54.1500167949.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167949.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10(?) ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-15-07.1500167985.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500167985.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10(?) ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-15-20.1500168020.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168020.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10(?) ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-15-30.1500168069.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168069.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-15-39.1500168125.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168125.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10 ballistic missile nosecone, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-15-48.1500168174.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168174.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-10 ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-15-57.1500168217.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168217.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Kumsong-4 ASCM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-16-08.1500168262.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168262.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-16-17.1500168296.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168296.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-16-27.1500168332.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168332.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-16-36.1500168385.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168385.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-1 SLBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-16-46.1500168422.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168422.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-16-56.1500168476.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168476.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-17-05.1500168522.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168522.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-17-14.1500168565.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168565.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ 20 September 2016 image of the Paektusan-1 Series 80-tf liquid rocket engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-17-22.1500168605.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168605.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-17-30.1500168642.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168642.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-17-39.1500168679.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168679.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-17-49.1500168895.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168895.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing an older Hwasong-10(?) first stage with one main engine and two verniers


2017-07-15_22-18-00.1500168974.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500168974.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing a 2nd stage of Hwasong-14 similar to the Unha's second stage


2017-07-15_22-18-08.1500169016.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169016.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 23 July 2017 - 09:31 AM.

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#11 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:00 PM

Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones

On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part4

2017-07-15_22-18-19.1500169066.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169066.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-18-29.1500169195.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169195.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-18-37.1500169316.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169316.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-18-47.1500169361.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169361.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-18-57.1500169400.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169400.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-19-06.1500169436.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169436.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM canister cold launch testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-19-15.1500169499.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169499.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM canister cold launch testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-19-24.1500169780.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169780.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-3? ICBM canister and TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-19-33.1500169826.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169826.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-3? ICBM canister and TEL, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-19-42.1500169880.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169880.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-19-50.1500169924.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500169924.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-19-59.1500170031.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170031.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-20-07.1500170111.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170111.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-20-16.1500170163.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170163.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-20-25.1500170210.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170210.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-20-36.1500170256.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170256.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ March 18, 2017 image of the Paektusan Series liquid rocket engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-20-45.1500170310.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170310.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ March 18, 2017 image of the Paektusan Series liquid rocket engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-20-54.1500170337.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170337.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ March 18, 2017 image of the Paektusan Series liquid rocket engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-21-02.1500170405.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170405.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ March 18, 2017 image of the Paektusan Series liquid rocket engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-21-18.1500170443.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170443.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ March 18, 2017 image of the Paektusan Series liquid rocket engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


640x480_-_______2017-07-15_22-21-52.1500
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170504.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ March 18, 2017 image of the Paektusan Series liquid rocket engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-22-02.1500170551.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170551.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong- ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-22-17.1500170589.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170589.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-22-26.1500170622.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170622.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-22-36.1500170662.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170662.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 16 July 2017 - 08:33 PM.

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#12 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:02 PM

Space Age Era Korean major aerospace milestones

On-the-spot field guidance of Kim Jong Un Part5

2017-07-15_22-22-46.1500170696.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170696.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of engine static testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-22-55.1500170734.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170734.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-23-07.1500170770.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170770.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-23-22.1500170802.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170802.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-23-32.1500170846.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170846.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-23-42.1500170886.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170886.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile TEL in deep underground tunnel, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-23-50.1500170939.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170939.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-24-00.1500170981.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500170981.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-24-41.1500171015.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171015.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-24-49.1500171060.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171060.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-24-58.1500171096.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171096.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-25-23.1500171131.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171131.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-25-32.1500171175.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171175.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-12 ballistic missile launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-25-42.1500171215.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171215.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-25-52.1500171250.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171250.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-26-01.1500171290.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171290.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-2 GLBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-26-10.1500171330.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171330.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Ponghae-5 SAM testing, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-26-19.1500171366.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171366.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-XX ASBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-26-29.1500171405.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171405.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-XX ASBM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-26-38.1500171443.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171443.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Kumsong-4 ASCM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-26-47.1500171479.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171479.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Kumsong-4 ASCM launch, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-26-57.1500171580.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171580.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing a static ground testing of the 2nd stage of Hwasong-14 with 2 main engines


2017-07-15_22-27-05.1500171611.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171611.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video, showing a static ground testing of the 2nd stage of Hwasong-14 with 2 main engines


2017-07-15_22-27-14.1500171658.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171658.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-14 ICBM, from 13 July 2017 video


2017-07-15_22-27-23.1500171692.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171692.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Hwasong-14 ICBM nosecone, from 13 July 2017 video


[*img]http://ipic.su/img/i...1720.jpg[/*img]
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500171720.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image from 13 July 2017 video

Edited by Soheil, 16 July 2017 - 08:50 PM.

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#13 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:03 PM

North Korea's Korean Committee for Space Technology (KCST) Past Activities

features480fb32bf54df29fb64114b6322b5226


fb4a581ffe2345b929072a8cde444617.jpg

North Korean satellite already launched


╔═════════════╦══════════════════╦════════════════════╦════════════════╦══════════════╦═══════════════════════╗
║    Date     ║ Time (Pyongyang) ║     Satellite      ║    Launcher    ║ Space Center ║        Remarks        ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬════════════════╬══════════════╬═══════════════════════╣
║             ║                  ║                    ║                ║              ║ satellite malfunction ║
║ 12.DEC.2012 ║      12:07       ║ Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3#2 ║     Unha-3     ║    Sohae     ║   after successful    ║
║             ║                  ║                    ║                ║              ║   orbital insertion   ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬════════════════╬══════════════╬═══════════════════════╣
║             ║                  ║                    ║ Kwangmyongsong ║              ║          SSO          ║
║ 7.FEB.2016  ║      09:00       ║  Kwangmyongsong-4  ║    (Unha-4)    ║    Sohae     ║   494.6 km x 500 km   ║
║             ║                  ║                    ║                ║              ║    @ 97.4 degrees     ║
╚═════════════╩══════════════════╩════════════════════╩════════════════╩══════════════╩═══════════════════════╝
http://novosti-kosmo...message1057535/

Background: Inter-Korean space race

Comparative Inter-Korean space race's launch failures


╔═════════════╦══════════════════╦════════════════════╦═══════════════════╦══════════════╦═════════════════════════════╗
║    Date     ║ Time (Pyongyang) ║     Satellite      ║     Launcher      ║ Space Center ║     Origin of failures      ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════════╬═════════════════════════════╣
║             ║                  ║                    ║                   ║              ║    satellite separation     ║
║ 31.AUG.1998 ║      12:07       ║  Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1  ║    Paektusan-1    ║   Tonghae    ║      with third stage       ║
║             ║                  ║                    ║                   ║              ║           failure           ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════════╬═════════════════════════════╣
║ 05.JUL.2006 ║       5:01       ║ Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2#1 ║      Unha-1       ║   Tonghae    ║   first and second stages   ║
║             ║                  ║                    ║                   ║              ║     separation failure      ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════════╬═════════════════════════════╣
║ 05.APR.2009 ║      11:20       ║ Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2#2 ║      Unha-2       ║   Tonghae    ║   second and third stages   ║
║             ║                  ║                    ║                   ║              ║     separation failure      ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════════╬═════════════════════════════╣
║ 25.AUG.2009 ║   17:00 (KST)    ║      STSAT-2A      ║ Naro-1#1 (KSLV-1) ║     Naro     ║ stages separation failure   ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════════╬═════════════════════════════╣
║ 10.JUN.2010 ║   17:01 (KST)    ║      STSAT-2B      ║ Naro-1#2 (KSLV-1) ║     Naro     ║ fairings separation failure ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════════╬═════════════════════════════╣
║             ║                  ║                    ║                   ║              ║   guidance system failure   ║
║ 13.APR.2012 ║     7:38:55      ║ Kwangmyongsong-3#1 ║      Unha-3       ║    Sohae     ║       launch abort by       ║
║             ║                  ║                    ║                   ║              ║        self-destruct        ║
╚═════════════╩══════════════════╩════════════════════╩═══════════════════╩══════════════╩═════════════════════════════╝
http://novosti-kosmo...message1057535/


Inter-Korean space race's outcome



╔═════════════╦══════════════════╦════════════════════╦════════════════════════╦══════════════╦═════════════════════════════╗
║    Date     ║ Time (Pyongyang) ║     Satellite      ║        Launcher        ║ Space Center ║           Outcome           ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬════════════════════════╬══════════════╬═════════════════════════════╣
║             ║                  ║                    ║                        ║              ║    satellite malfunction    ║
║ 12.DEC.2012 ║      12:07       ║ Kwangmyongsong-3#2 ║         Unha-3         ║    Sohae     ║      after successful       ║
║             ║                  ║                    ║                        ║              ║      orbital insertion      ║
╠═════════════╬══════════════════╬════════════════════╬════════════════════════╬══════════════╬═════════════════════════════╣
║ 30.JAN.2013 ║   16:00 (KST)    ║      STSAT-2C      ║   Naro-1#3 (KSLV-1)    ║     Naro     ║           success           ║
║             ║                  ║                    ║ (South Korea / Russia) ║              ║                             ║
╚═════════════╩══════════════════╩════════════════════╩════════════════════════╩══════════════╩═════════════════════════════╝
http://novosti-kosmo...message1057535/

North Korea Beats South in Space Race


Dec. 13, 2012

South Korea is suffering some embarrassment after repeatedly failing to put a satellite into orbit with homegrown rocket technology while North Korea succeeded. Some are detecting echoes of the Sputnik crisis in 1957, when the U.S. found itself bested by the Soviet Union's launch of the world's first satellite.

Seoul now lags behind Pyongyang in terms of rocket technology by at least six years, experts estimate.

http://english.chosu...2121301350.html


How North Korea Won the Rocket Race with the South


Jan. 31, 2013

North Korea became the 10th country to succeed in putting a satellite into orbit late last year after over a decade of strenuous efforts, during which the South hovered between developing its own rocket and importing technology and parts.

Pyongyang imported liquid-fueled ballistic missiles from China and Egypt in 1975 and began to fire its own ballistic missiles in 1984 by reverse-engineering the imports.

In 1998 the North secured core technologies for multi-stage rockets by firing a three-stage missile with a range of 2,500 km. Despite a series of failures since then, it continued to develop successors to the missile.

Prof. Jang Young Kun at Korea Aerospace University said the first and second stages of the latest rocket are the same as those as in 1998.

The South followed a similar path at the initial stage. In 1978, it succeeded in firing a missile with a range of 150 km, a copy of the U.S.' solid-fueled Nike-Hercules. But under an agreement with the U.S. that prevented it from using solid fuel engines on a space rocket that exceeds 1 million pounds in mass, Seoul shifted its attention to Russian rockets using liquid fuel.

As a result, it wasted over a decade and found itself outpaced by the impoverished North.

http://english.chosu...3013101206.html


Current North Korean Space Activities

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The current Five-Years development plan covers space activities for 2012 to 2016. (Choson Sinbo, 12 December 2012)

The Second Space Development Five-Year Plan starting in 2017, will see more advanced space developments. In April 8, 2012, the general manager of Sohae SLC declared that North Korea "will launch a geostationary satellite in the near future", and that North Korea "will launch manned spacecrafts". To this end, Sohae was also designed to support very large 400t-class rockets. (Choson Sinbo, April 10, 2012 Press Release )

North Korean launch schedule
 

╔═══════════╦═══════════════════╦═══════════════════╦══════════╦══════════════╦═══════╦═══════════════════════════════╗
║   Date    ║      Payload      ║       Class       ║ Launcher ║ Space Center ║ Orbit ║            Remarks            ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2012-2016 ║ Kwangmyongsong-5  ║ Earth observation ║  Unha-5  ║    Sohae     ║  SSO  ║            Pending            ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║     LC-1     ║       ║                               ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2012-2016 ║ Kwangmyongsong-6  ║   Communication   ║  Unha-6  ║    Sohae     ║   ?   ║ First Communication satellite ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║     LC-1     ║       ║                               ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2012-2016 ║ Kwangmyongsong-7  ║   Communication   ║  Unha-7  ║    Sohae     ║   ?   ║                               ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║     LC-1     ║       ║                               ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2012-2016 ║ Kwangmyongsong-8  ║   Communication   ║  Unha-8  ║    Sohae     ║   ?   ║                               ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║     LC-1     ║       ║                               ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2012-2016 ║ Kwangmyongsong-9  ║   Lunar orbiter   ║  Unha-9  ║    Sohae     ║  LTO  ║      First Lunar Orbiter      ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║     LC-1     ║       ║            ~2018?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║           ║                   ║   Geostationary   ║          ║    Sohae     ║       ║      First GEO satellite      ║
║ 2017-2021 ║        TBD        ║   communication   ║  Unha-9  ║     LC-1     ║  GSO  ║             ~2018             ║
║           ║                   ║     satellite     ║          ║              ║       ║                               ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║           ║                   ║      Quantum      ║          ║              ║       ║  First Quantum communication  ║
║ 2017-2026 ║        TBD        ║   communication   ║   TBD    ║     TBD      ║   ?   ║  satellite; domestic &        ║
║           ║                   ║     satellite     ║          ║              ║       ║  commercial for export        ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2017-2026 ║        TBD        ║ Global Navigation ║ Unha-10? ║     TBD      ║  QZO  ║   GNSS constellation of ~8    ║
║           ║                   ║ Satellite System  ║          ║              ║  GSO  ║  ~40°incl. Quasi-Zenith Orbit ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║           ║                   ║  Electro-Optical, ║          ║              ║       ║     Part of planned C4ISR     ║
║ 2017-2026 ║        TBD        ║        SAR,       ║   TBD    ║     TBD      ║       ║    Global Recon sat system    ║
║           ║                   ║       ELINT       ║          ║              ║       ║       North Korean NOSS       ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2017-2021 ║        TBD        ║ Manned spacecraft ║ Unha-18? ║   Tonghae    ║  LEO  ║   First unmanned spacecraft   ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║    LC-3?     ║       ║            ~2021?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2017-2021 ║        TBD        ║ Manned spacecraft ║ Unha-18? ║   Tonghae    ║  LEO  ║       First astronaut         ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║    LC-3?     ║       ║            ~2021?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║ Manned spacecraft ║ Unha-18? ║   Tonghae    ║  LEO  ║   First 2 astronauts flight   ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║    LC-3?     ║       ║            ~2021?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║ Manned spacecraft ║ Unha-18? ║   Tonghae    ║  LEO  ║   First 3 astronauts flight   ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║    LC-3?     ║       ║            ~2021?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║ Manned spacecraft ║ Unha-18? ║   Tonghae    ║  LEO  ║           First EVA           ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║    LC-3?     ║       ║            ~2025?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║   Lunar lander    ║   TBD    ║     TBD      ║  LTO  ║      First Lunar lander       ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║              ║       ║            ~2025?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║              ║       ║        First flight of        ║
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║        TBD        ║ Unha-20? ║     TBD      ║       ║     20t payload launcher      ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║              ║       ║            ~2026?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║           ║                   ║   Lunar lander    ║          ║              ║       ║       First Lunar lander      ║
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║       with        ║ Unha-20? ║     TBD      ║       ║  with sample-return mission   ║
║           ║                   ║   sample-return   ║          ║              ║       ║            ~2026?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║   Mars orbiter    ║ Unha-20? ║     TBD      ║  MTO  ║      First Mars Orbiter       ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║              ║       ║            ~2026?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║ Manned spacecraft ║ Unha-20? ║   Tonghae    ║  LEO  ║      First spacelab/module    ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║    LC-X?     ║       ║            ~2025?             ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║ Manned spacecraft ║ Unha-18? ║   Tonghae    ║  LEO  ║   First unmanned rendez-vous  ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║    LC-3?     ║       ║       and docking ~2025?      ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║ Manned spacecraft ║ Unha-18? ║   Tonghae    ║  LEO  ║    First manned rendez-vous   ║
║           ║                   ║                   ║          ║    LC-3?     ║       ║       and docking ~2025?      ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║  Solid propellant ║   TBD    ║     TBD      ║  LEO  ║     First solid propellant    ║
║           ║                   ║     launcher      ║          ║              ║       ║     rapid reaction launcher   ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║     Sea-based     ║   TBD    ║   Sea-based  ║  LEO  ║    First Sea-based launcher   ║
║           ║                   ║      launcher     ║          ║     pad      ║       ║                               ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2022-2026 ║        TBD        ║     Solid fuel    ║ Unha-27? ║     TBD      ║  LEO  ║    First unmanned flight of   ║
║           ║                   ║  manned launcher  ║          ║              ║       ║   solid fuel manned launcher  ║
╠═══════════╬═══════════════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╬══════════════╬═══════╬═══════════════════════════════╣
║ 2027-2031 ║        TBD        ║     Reusable      ║ Carrier  ║     TBD      ║  LEO  ║    First unmanned flight      ║
║           ║                   ║    space plane    ║ aircraft ║              ║       ║       of space plane          ║
╚═══════════╩═══════════════════╩═══════════════════╩══════════╩══════════════╩═══════╩═══════════════════════════════╝

http://www.tongilnew...ml?idxno=101028


Edited by Soheil, 23 July 2017 - 09:32 AM.

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#14 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:03 PM

North Korean aerospace institutions

Korean Committee for Space Technology (KCST; 조선우주공간기술위원회, 朝鮮宇宙空間技術委員會)



A Brief History of the DPRK's Space Program:

The DPRK's space program began in the 1980's with the creation of the Korean Committee for Space Technology (KCST). In the 1990s, North Korean scientists developed an experimental satellite, Kwangmyongsong-1 or "Bright Star" or "Shining Star."

http://www.youngpion...a-space-program



International Outer Space Treaty and the Registration Convention


Mar 12. 2009 Juche 98

KCNA Report on DPRK's Accession to International Space Treaty and Convention

Pyongyang, March 12 (KCNA) -- The KCNA made public a report today that the DPRK acceded to the international treaty and convention on space.

According to it, recently the DPRK acceded to the "Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies" and the "Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space."

www.kcna.co.jp/item/2009/200903/news12/20090312-11ee.html


State Space Development Bureau


DPRK SPA Decides to Set Up State Space Development Bureau

April 1. 2013 Juch 102

The decision of the Supreme People's Assembly (SPA) of the DPRK promulgated on Monday said:

... radically developing the space science and technology of the country and guide and manage all the space activities of the DPRK in a uniform way...

The DPRK State Space Development Bureau shall be set up.

The bureau is a state central institution which guides and manages the supervision and control over the working out of a space development program and its implementation and space development work in a uniform way.

http://kcna.co.jp/it...13-04-01ee.html


National Aerospace Development Administration (NADA; 朝鮮國家宇宙開發局, 국가우주개발국: Kukgaujugaebalkuk)


National Aerospace Development Administration of DPRK

March 31 , 2014

It was one year ago that the DPRK Law on Space Development was adopted at the Seventh Session of the 12th Supreme People's Assembly.

The National Aerospace Development Administration (NADA) is the country's central guidance institution organizing all the space development projects.

The emblem of the NADA was recently instituted, which represents its character, mission, position and development prospects.

Seen in the lower part of the globe-shaped dark blue emblem are white-colored letters "Kukgaujugaebalkuk" (National Aerospace Development Administration) in Korean and in its upper part light blue-colored letters "DPRK" with the Great Bear above them. Printed in its middle are white-colored letters "NADA" in English.

Two light blue-colored rings intercrossing the emblem symbolize satellite orbits.

The Great Bear reflects the will of the space scientists of the DPRK to glorify Kim Il Sung's and Kim Jong Il's Korea as a space power.

The globe represents the DPRK's idea for peaceful development of the space and the rings show the DPRK's will to launch satellite into all orbits.

http://www.rodong.re...0016&chAction=T


North Korea top ranks in reverse engineering Chinese technologies

Let us start with some trivial examples:

In a nutshell, North Koreans can reverse-engineer any Chinese technology as they please.


╔═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╗
║                                Comparative aerospace milestones of China and Korea                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╦═══════════════════╦═════════════════════╦════════════════════════════════╣
║            Space milestones            ║       China       ║    Korea (DPRK)     ║ Reverse engineering Time delay ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║              Black powder              ║ ~10th century AD  ║     崔茂宣 1374 AD   ║            ~450 yrs            ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║                 Rocket                 ║     ~1161 AD      ║     崔茂宣 1374 AD   ║            ~213 yrs            ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║          Multi-stages rocket           ║ 火龙出水 ~1403 AD  ║  散火神機箭 1448 AD ║              45 yrs            ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║   Manned unpropelled flight (glider)   ║    元黄头 559 AD   ║                     ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║ Manned propelled flight (rocket plane) ║  Wan Hu 1465 AD   ║     鄭平九 1590 AD   ║            125 yrs             ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║             Space launcher             ║   CZ-1 1969 AD    ║ Paektusan-1 1998 AD ║             29 yrs             ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║               Satellite                ║   DFH-1 1970 AD   ║   KMS-3#2 2013 AD   ║             43 yrs             ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║             SSO satellite              ║   FY-1 1988 AD    ║   KMS-3#2 2013 AD   ║             25 yrs             ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║             GEO Satellite              ║   DFH-2 1984 AD   ║   KMS-5 2018 AD?    ║             34 yrs?            ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║           Manned spacecraft            ║   SZ-1 1999 AD    ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║           Manned spaceflight           ║   SZ-5 2003 AD    ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║               Space lab                ║   TG-1 2011 AD    ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║             Lunar orbiter              ║ Chang'e-1 2007 AD ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║              Lunar lander              ║ Chang'e-3 2013 AD ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║  Rapid reaction solid fuel launcher    ║  CZ-11  2015 AD   ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║          Sea-based launcher            ║  CZ-11  2018 AD   ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║          Lunar sample return           ║ Chang'e-5 2020 AD ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║              Mars orbiter              ║      2020 AD      ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║              Mars lander               ║    Fenghuang-1?   ║         TBD         ║                                ║
║                                        ║      2020 AD      ║                     ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║           Mars sample return           ║      2030 AD      ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║    Solid propellant manned launcher    ║  KZ-41  ~2025 AD  ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════╬═══════════════════╬═════════════════════╬════════════════════════════════╣
║              Space plane               ║  Teng Yun 2030 AD ║         TBD         ║                                ║
╚════════════════════════════════════════╩═══════════════════╩═════════════════════╩════════════════════════════════╝
航天公园博览:火箭发射模型:https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=KMz1BwAAQBAJ&pg=PT60&lpg=PT60&dq=飞鸦&source=bl&ots=SnBtka5otk&sig=Kd7p_nie0EjmzQ_zOq4I3Y5mRJo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiyypqAss3UAhUDDcAKHcjZBBIQ6AEIajAN#v=onepage&q=飞鸦&f=false


nasda.gif

nada_nasa.png?w=580&h=247

beidou_logo.png

Various logos and acronyms of several foreign space agencies and their influence on North Korea's new space agency acronym and logo.


NASA + D = NASDA
NASDA - S = NADA
QED
Thus, the NADA acronym is a crossbreed of NASA with NASDA,
while the NADA logo is a crossbreed of NASA with BEIDOU.

Video showing plethoric other designs reverse-engineered in Korea


State Industrial Art Exhibition Opens in North Korea, April 2014: http://www.youtube.c...?v=_cYtQ2UKH-8t
▲ NADA logo at T=32 seconds

DPRK NADA Joins International Astronautical Federation

Oct. 16, 2015 Friday

The DPRK National Aerospace Development Administration's (NADA) admission to the International Astronautical Federation was decided at its 66th general meeting which opened in Israel on Oct. 12 and will last till Oct. 16.

http://www.rodong.re...2015-10-16-0004


NADA IAF membership void


16 October 2015

The General Assembly in its second session revoked its earlier resolution of Monday, October 12, 2015, relating to the approval of the DPR Korea's National Aerospace Development Administration's application for membership to the IAF, based on new information received and unknownrolling%20on%20the%20floor.gif to the General Assembly at its first session.

https://www.satnews....mber=1163841270


New high-altitude weather observation systems


May 5, 2015

Korea develops new high-altitude weather observation systems. The system consists of electronic radio detectors and high altitude weather radar. Weather balloons carrying electronic detectors can climb at altitudes up to 30,000 meters, measuring temperature and atmospheric pressure.

The system makes it possible to further raise the accuracy of weather forecast.

Source: KCNA


New Standard Time in Korea


Bell Tolls Standard Time in Korea at 00:00, August 15, 2015

August 15, 2015

The Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK decided to set the standard time of the Republic with 127 degrees 30 minutes east longitude as a standard and to apply it from August 15.

The thirty minutes between 24:00, August 14 of the previous time and 00:00, August 15 of Pyongyang time will be taken off to set 00:00 of August 15 of the previous time as 00:30 and all clocks would be set as "00:00, August 15, Pyongyang time" at 00:30, August 15 of previous time.

At 00:00, the Pyongyang Bell tolled deep sound at state standard time 00:00 at the Pyongyang Astronomical Observatory,
...
scientists working on satellites to explore a new area of conquering space and all other people of the country set their clock and watches according to Pyongyang time

20160423_6627.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...160423_6627.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...type=108&page=5


http://www.kcna.co.j...50815-08ee.html


Commentary

This new Pyongyang Time will definitely bring North Korea closer to Beijing and Tehran.

In addition, the synchronization with Iran is made much easier, as Tehran Time is UTC+03:30 and Pyongyang Time UTC+08:30 instead of the UTC+09:00. All this, to the benefit of both nations' space programs.

S☫heil_Esy


Newly-built General Satellite Control Centre


May. 4, 2015 Monday

The successful construction of the centre provided a solid springboard for continued launch of various working satellites essential for the country's sci-tech and economic development and national defence.

He went to the room for the education.

He noted that the main room for real-time display of satellite launch, auxiliary display and control room and optical observation room were built to meet the scientific and technological requirements and the visitor's room is very convenient to watching satellite launch.

E-library, lounge, conference room, offices, dinning room and bedrooms are well built to provide the scientists and technicians with enough conditions for their research and living.

He stressed the need to provide more cutting-edge facilities for the centre, build a base in which satellite test can be done.

Peaceful space development is an option taken.

Satellites of Korea will as ever be launched into outer space at the time and locations set by the Central Committee.

2015051135332440.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....51135332440.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....76&section=sc38


6630852261420523585.1490709091.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1490709091.jpg
http://img1.ph.126.n...61420523585.jpg


6630791788280992333.1490709150.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1490709150.jpg
http://img1.ph.126.n...88280992333.jpg


6630358580699372464.1490709189.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1490709189.jpg
http://img1.ph.126.n...80699372464.jpg


6630088100838896266.1490709217.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1490709217.jpg
http://img1.ph.126.n...00838896266.jpg


6630730215629828901.1490709256.png
http://ipic.su/img/i....1490709256.png
http://img0.ph.126.n...15629828901.png
http://liuqiankktt.b...201543112651403
▲ Yellow: General Satellite Control Centre; Green: Senior cadres' residential area; Red: Supreme leaderships' residence



http://rodong.rep.kp...2015-05-04-0019



Satellite Control Centre Video

KimJongUnvisitsnewSCC.1449458497.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1449458497.jpg
▲ Screen capture at t=171 seconds
From left to right: Kwangmyongsong-1, Kwangmyongsong-2, Kwangmyongsong-3



▲ Kim Jong Un visits newly-built Satellite Control Centre: http://www.youtube.c...h?v=z9ak5-U6Lr8

Edited by Soheil, 23 July 2017 - 09:34 AM.

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#15 Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:04 PM

New Lithium Atom-shaped Sci-Tech Complex :lol:


29 October 2015

The complex sprawling over an area of 106 600 square metres is a base for disseminating the achievements in latest science and technology
...
as a comprehensive e-library, as it has stored in its database in an all-round and systematic way the sci-tech books that have already been off press as well as achievements in latest science and technology of our country and advanced sci-tech data of different countries throughout the world
...
a building that can accommodate 500 guests

north-korea-science-technology.jpg
▲ This seems to be the English library, with all the most essential topics for any good scientist: "Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell" and "Practical Astronomy"! :lol:

north-korea-science-technology.jpg

north-korea-science-technology.jpg

7290b67893c145fab312e2d892f00638.jpg

http://www.uriminzok...nglish&no=11686



Science-Technology Complex Video

NorthKoreaLunarMission.1449464756.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1449464756.jpg
Note: At t=666 seconds (11m06s), possibly the section dedicated to the future North Korean lunar exploration program (Unha-9, Unha-20), as disclosed back in 2012; Hint at future Phase Three with lunar lander and sample-return.



▲ Pyongyang Opens Science - Technology Complex: http://www.youtube.c...h?v=prJeylQ57x8

Hydrogen Atom-shaped Planetarium :lol:


11249259_723070377803049_2043083819_n.jp
imgp5889.jpg?w=918
**2015-10-16-p-02-1.jpg


Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space


February 23. 2016 Juche 105

DPRK Accedes to Space-related International Agreements

Pyongyang, February 23 (KCNA) -- The DPRK acceded to the agreement on the rescue of astronauts, the return of astronauts and the return of objects launched into outer space and the convention on international liability for damage caused by space objects on February 22, Juche 105 (2016), according to the decision of its government.

The agreement concluded on April 22, 1968 stipulates the issue of handing over to the launch nation any astronaut, space objects and their parts as they fall or are discovered in the territorial land and waters of a signatory country and open sea.

The convention concluded on March 29, 1972 undertakes a launch nation to make responsible compensation when space objects caused human or property losses on the earth surface or caused damage to a plane in flight.

The DPRK's accession to the agreement and the convention will further promote the international trust in space scientific researches and activities and make positive contributions to strengthening cooperation with other countries.


http://www.kcna.co.j...60223-17ee.html


Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies

19 December 1966.

Article V

States Parties to the Treaty shall regard astronauts as envoys of mankind in outer space and shall render to them all possible assistance in the event of accident, distress, or emergency landing on the territory of another State Party or on the high seas. When astronauts make such a landing, they shall be safely and promptly returned to the State of registry of their space vehicle.

In carrying on activities in outer space and on celestial bodies, the astronauts of one State Party shall render all possible assistance to the astronauts of other States Parties.

States Parties to the Treaty shall immediately inform the other States Parties to the Treaty or the Secretary-General of the United Nations of any phenomena they discover in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, which could constitute a danger to the life or health of astronauts.

http://www.unoosa.or...etreaty.html#a5


Edited by Soheil, 16 July 2017 - 08:54 PM.

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#16 Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:06 PM

The Secret Missile Research Institute


2017/06/26

Because of the very high security level, the official name of the institute is not known.

At the northernmost part of the Rongsung area (룡성구역) in Pyongyang is home to the Second Natural Science Academy, which consists of about 50 research institutes that research and develop various new weapons.
One of them is arbitrarily called by the Western media "San'um-dong (산음동) Factory" aka "San'um-dong Missile Research Center" or the "Number Seven Factory".

This secret Missile Research Institute has extensive and modern facilities and is the Korean equivalent of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, the Langley Research Center and the Ames Research Center.

It is said to have various test sites, research and development facilities, and production facilities.


201706263545441.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....06263545441.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc3&section2=
▲ June 21, 2017 ground test of reentry vehicle's engine


2017062639464550.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....62639464550.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc3&section2=
▲ June 21, 2017 ground test of reentry vehicle's engine


2017062638454212.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....62638454212.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=
▲ June 21, 2017 ground test of reentry vehicle's engine.
At the northernmost part of the Rongsung area (룡성구역) in Pyongyang is home to the Second Natural Science Academy, which consists of about 50 research institutes that research and develop various new weapons.
One of them is arbitrarily called by the Western media "San'um-dong (산음동) Factory" aka "San'um-dong Missile Research Center" or the "Number Seven Factory".



http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=



Static Test Stand for March 15, 2016 Reentry Simulation At Taesong Machine Factory


7ypfYt.png
http://ipic.su/7ypfYt.png

7ypfYv.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ypfYv.jpg


7ypfYE.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ypfYE.jpg


7yoU5D.jpg
http://ipic.su/7yoU5D.jpg

Coordinates:
38°57'4.63"N, 125°34'13.14"E
38.9511688°N, 125.5694356°E

https://www.google.c...m/data=!3m1!1e3

7ypfY5.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ypfY5.jpg

7ypfZc.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ypfZc.jpg

http://liuqiankktt.b...01621581934865/



▲ 北朝鮮 「プレゼントの包みが増えていく (《선물보따리》가 늘어난다)」 uriminzokkiri 2017/07/11 日本語字幕付き : https://www.youtube....h?v=QkMBJYbPi3w
Footage of the Static Test Stand during the March 15, 2016 Reentry Simulation at T=1m17s to T=1m27s

Edited by Soheil, 16 July 2017 - 08:56 PM.

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#17 Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:08 PM

North Korean Space Launch Sites


North Korean first space center: Tonghae Satellite Launch Center (동해위성발사센터, 東海衛星發射中心, East Sea SLC)

2012-4-10 12:39:59
东仓里西海卫星发射场负责人张明进明确表示,舞水端里东海(即日本海)卫星发射场也有发射卫星的计划
Jang Myong Jin, the head of the Sohae space center said that more space launches were scheduled from Korea's first space center in the East coast, Tonghae SLC.

http://www.9ifly.cn/...8671&pid=187046


Edited by Soheil, 24 July 2017 - 11:20 AM.

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#18 Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:09 PM

North Korean second space center: Sohae Satellite Launch Center (서해위성발사센터, 西海衛星發射中心, West Sea SLC)


2012/APR/13

Jang Myong Jin, who is in charge of the station, told reporters that Sohae Space Center was officially completed on April 2009.

http://scitech.peopl...B/17600896.html



Apr. 10, 2012 12:16 KST

The launch pad also shows improvements. Standing 50 m high, the launch tower is 1.5 times higher than the one at the Tonghae space center, North Hamgyong Province, and there are several large vertical supports that make it easier to assemble and service rockets in a vertical position. The mobile platform holding the rocket is also a new piece of equipment. Jang Myong Jin, the head of the North Korean Sohae space center said, "In the future, we will be able to put up to a 400 ton launcher into space. We built a large launch pad for that purpose."

http://english.chosu...2041001181.html


Edited by Soheil, 23 July 2017 - 09:45 AM.

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#19 Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:10 PM

Sohae Satellite Launch Center after upgrade in 2015


201602162715115.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....02162715115.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV


2016021603084261.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21603084261.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV



2016021613481059.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21613481059.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV



2016021615327942.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21615327942.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV



2016021616197087.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21616197087.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV



2016021617341853.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21617341853.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV



2016021620197009.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21620197009.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV



2016021625071239.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21625071239.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV



2016021625571027.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21625571027.jpg
http://www.bktv.co.k...d.html?uid=3149
▲ Sohae SLC's vertical gantry on February 7, 2016, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV



2016020125475990.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....20125475990.jpg
http://changesk.blog.../blog-post.html
▲ CGI of Sohae SLC's vertical gantry, two static and movable integration buildings on September, 2015, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV


2016020121393254.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....20121393254.jpg
http://changesk.blog.../blog-post.html
▲ Satellite imagery of Sohae SLC's vertical gantry, two static and movable integration buildings on September, 2015, after upgrade for supporting Unha-9 LV

Edited by Soheil, 23 July 2017 - 09:46 AM.

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#20 Soheil

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Posted 18 May 2017 - 05:11 PM

Sohae Satellite Launch Center during 2017 upgrade

New satellite imagery have revealed land clearing under way east of the processing and assembly building of the LC-1.

These constructions may be needed to support the future Unha-9 launcher.

SohaeLC-110-JUN-2017.1500799827.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500799827.jpg
▲ 10 June 2017 satellite imagery of Sohae SLC's

Edited by Soheil, 23 July 2017 - 09:47 AM.

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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: North Korea, NADA, space program, manned spaceflight, Paektusan, Unha, Kwangmyongsong, Sohae, Tonghae, Iran

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