The launch was a scientific research experiment partly intended to serve as a firework display to celebrate the re-election of Kim Jong Il as the all-powerful National Defense Commission, partly to demonstrate that North Korea has joined the two elite clubs of nuclear powers and space powers, and partly to signal it will join a third elite club of economic tigers by 2012.
Preparations for Launch of Experimental Communications Satellite in Full Gear
The preparations for launching experimental communications satellite Kwangmyongsong-2 by means of delivery rocket Unha-2 are now making brisk headway at Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground in Hwadae County, North Hamgyong Province.
KCNA Report on DPRK's Accession to International Space Treaty and Convention
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies ... Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space. ... "DPRK informed the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Maritime Organization and other international organizations of necessary information for the safe navigation of planes and ships according to relevant regulations as part of its preparations for launching Kwangmyongsong-2, an experimental communications satellite, by carrier rocket Unha-2"
KCNA on DPRK's Successful Launch of Satellite Kwangmyongsong-2
Pyongyang, April 5 (KCNA) -- Scientists and technicians of the DPRK have succeeded in putting satellite Kwangmyongsong-2, an experimental communications satellite, into orbit by means of carrier rocket Unha-2 under the state long-term plan for the development of outer space.
Unha-2, which was launched at the Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground in Hwadae County, North Hamgyong Province at 11:20 on April 5, Juche 98 (2009), accurately put Kwangmyongsong-2 into its orbit at 11:29:02, nine minutes and two seconds after its launch.
The satellite is going round the earth along its elliptic orbit at the angle of inclination of 40.6 degrees at 490 km perigee and 1,426 km apogee. Its cycle is 104 minutes and 12 seconds.
Mounted on the satellite are necessary measuring devices and communications apparatuses.
The satellite is going round on its routine orbit.
It is sending to the earth the melodies of the immortal revolutionary paeans "Song of General Kim Il Sung" and "Song of General Kim Jong Il" and measured information at 470 MHz. By the use of the satellite the relay communications is now underway by UHF frequency band.
The satellite is of decisive significance in promoting the scientific researches into the peaceful use of outer space and solving scientific and technological problems for the launch of practical satellites in the future.
On April 5, 2009, at 11:20 am, a test telecommunication satellite Kwangmyongsong-2 was launched on a Unha-2 rocket. The satellite was injected into orbit after 9 minutes and 2 seconds and was able to send measurement data transmission and relay communication.
Note, this is an edited version, with some scenes removed from the original footage! Animation sequences of the launch from the North Korean drama movie The Country I Saw - Part 3 (2009) (start at t=1h16m09s) ( 내가 본 나라 3 (2009): start at t=1h19m16s, 我所见的国家 3) by Ko Hak Rim and Pak Jong Ju.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the international agency in charge of radio frequency allocation for satellites, dismissed North Korea's claim to have put a communications satellite into orbit
Notably, the Council nowhere spelled out what North Korea might have launched, for the simple reason that its members could not agree: some thought missile, some thought satellite. Unable to agree on a noun, it therefore compromised with the verb launch. The Councils strong and peremptory diplomatic language - condemns, demands, etc was therefore oddly out of kilter with its inability to decide what it was condemning. Essentially it was saying North Korea was not to launch any more unidentified flying objects, or UFOs. "Whatever it was you launched, said the Security Council in effect, "you should not have and you must not do it again.
Kim Jong Un Inspects KPA Air and Anti-Air Force Unit 447
Pyongyang, May 14 (KCNA) -- Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK, inspected KPA Air and Anti-Air Force Unit 447 honored with the title of O Jung Hup-led 7th Regiment.
"Whenever I visit the airfield where airmen are active, I feel as if I were entering the yard of my old home," he added.
He highly praised the unit, saying the unit which produced 14 human bomb-like fighters is the unit which gave origin to the heroic, self-sacrificing and self-blasting spirit of the brave red hawks of Songun Korea.
he praised the unit for maintaining with good care the plane and always keeping it fully ready to make sortie and thereby letting it take the lead in flight drills at all times.
It is necessary to intensify training in order to shed less blood in battle, he noted, calling upon airmen to intensify the training so that they may satisfactorily perform combat flight mission including take- off and landing under the worst conditions. He said that airmen should make it part of their life and habit to undergo training with the help of modern piloting training equipment while flying aircraft a lot and thus make the unit intensify the training
Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and first chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission, Monday visited Unit 447 of the KPA Air and Anti-Air Force honored with the title of O Jung Hup-led 7th Regiment and planted trees with fighter pilots of the unit.
On the same day, he went round a monument to the merits of 14 stalwart fighters, who displayed the suicidal-attack spirit, at the unit. This monument was built, under the deep care of the Supreme Commander, to convey the heroic feats performed by the 14 fighter pilots in the operation to ensure the successful launch of satellite Kwangmyongsong-2.
Citing North Korea's earlier news reports, South Korean officials said that at least one of the 14 airmen was killed due to a jet crash on the eve of the rocket launch.
"It's presumed that a pilot was killed as a MiG-23 fighter jet crashed into the waters near the launch site in Tonghae while conducting a patrol flight against a possible attempt to intercept the rocket," a unification ministry official told reporters on background.
The pilot received a posthumous medal and 13 others were awarded watches with the name of Kim Jong Il, he added.
... plans of the Kim Jong Il administration for economic prosperity by 2012 - the centenary of the birth of founding father Kim Il Sung - in a bid to complete its membership of the three elite clubs of nuclear, space and economic powers.
Kim Jong Un, has ordered the Korean Committee for Space Technology to invite a bevy of experienced foreign experts on space science and technology and journalists to observe the satellite liftoff at the country's ultra-modern satellite launch center.
There are two reasons for Kim Jong Un's decision: One is to provide the promised maximum transparency for the launch and the other is to add to the festive nature of the celebratory event. Obviously, there is nothing to conceal about the peaceful satellite launch,
the payload mounted on the Unha (Milky Way) rocket is a polar-orbiting observation satellite. It is designed to transmit important prospecting data on the underground resources of the Korean Peninsula, as well as weather and mapping data.
The DPRK is to launch a working satellite, Kwangmyongsong-3, manufactured by itself with indigenous technology to mark the 100th birth anniversary of President Kim Il Sung.
A spokesman for the Korean Committee for Space Technology said this in a statement Friday.
After successfully launching two experimental satellites, DPRK scientists and technicians have steadily conducted scientific researches to develop and utilize working satellites indispensable for the country's economic development in line with the government's policy for space development and peaceful use.
Through the researches they have made a drastic progress in the field of space science and technology and laid solid material and technological foundations for working satellite launches and operation.
Kwangmyongsong-3, a polar-orbiting earth observation satellite, will be blasted off southward from the Sohae Satellite Launching Station in Cholsan County, North Phyongan Province between April 12 and 16, lifted by carrier rocket Unha-3.
A safe flight orbit has been chosen so that carrier rocket debris to be generated during the flight would not have any impact on neighboring countries.
The DPRK will strictly abide by relevant international regulations and usage concerning the launch of scientific and technological satellites for peaceful purposes and ensure maximum transparency, thereby contributing to promoting international trust and cooperation in the field of space scientific researches and satellite launches.
Fridays have been considered an unlucky day since the medieval times. In Britain, Friday was the conventional day for public hangings, and there were supposedly 13 steps leading up to the noose! Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit on a Friday and later died on a Friday. Christians consider Friday as the day on which Christ was crucified by the Romans.
Tarot Card number 13 is the Death Card, depicting the Grim Reaper Hotels rarely have a room number 13 There are 13 steps leading to the gallows. 13 knots in a hangman's noose. 13 feet which the guillotine blade falls.
The decision to proceed with the launch on Friday 13 was a big tactical mistake, provided Kim Jong Un is an overseas student returnee from the West and could't ignore the sinister meaning of the unlucky number 13!
In Sohae SLC, Unha LV are launched with low humidity and low wind speed to avoid the danger of malfunction due to the generation of static electricity in various electronic devices installed in the propulsion module.
All satellites are launched when the sky is sunny. Therefore satellites can receive the maximum amount of solar energy. If the satellite that entered the earth's orbit is flying in the shadow of the earth and can not receive solar energy, it will consume too much electricity of its onboard battery and shorten its service life.
Pyongyang, April 13 (KCNA) -- The DPRK launched its first application satellite Kwangmyongsong-3 at the Sohae Satellite Launching Station in Cholsan County, North Phyongan Province at 07:38:55 a.m. on Friday.
The earth observation satellite failed to enter its preset orbit.
Scientists, technicians and experts are now looking into the cause of the failure.
Pyongyang, December 1 (KCNA) -- A spokesman for the Korean Committee for Space Technology issued the following statement Saturday:
The DPRK plans to launch another working satellite, second version of Kwangmyongsong-3, manufactured by its own efforts and with its own technology
Scientists and technicians of the DPRK analyzed the mistakes that were made during the previous April launch and deepened the work of improving the reliability and precision of the satellite and carrier rocket, thereby rounding off the preparations for launch.
The polar-orbiting earth observation satellite will blast off southward from the Sohae Space Center in Cholsan County, North Phyongan Province by carrier rocket Unha-3 in the period between December 10 and 22.
A safe flight path has been chosen so that parts of the carrier rocket that might fall during the launch process would not affect neighboring countries.
A0108/12 (Issued for ZKKP PART 1 OF 2) - DETAILED INFORMATIONS ON THE LAUNCH OF SATELLITE ?KWANGMYONGSONG -3?(2) ARE AS FOLLOW: 1. SATELLITE LAUNCH STATE: DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA 2. LAUNCH SCHEDULE: RESERVED DATE: 09-22 DECEMBER 2012 TIME: 2200-NEXT 0300(UTC) DAILY 3. PLACE OF LAUNCH: SOHAE SATELLITE LAUNCHING STATION IN CHOLSAN COUNTY, NORTH PYONGAN PROVINCE //PART 01 OF 02//. DAILY 2200-NEXT 0300, 09 DEC 22:00 2012 UNTIL 22 DEC 03:00 2012. CREATED: 01 DEC 08:05 2012
A0108/12 (Issued for ZKKP PART 2 OF 2) - 4. DANGEROUS AREA COORDINATES: FIRST STAGE 354406N 1243030E 354407N 1245423E 345836N 1243232E 345843N 1245611E SECOND STAGE 181344N 1234837E 181254N 1244520E 153107N 1234624E 153017N 1244219E FAIRING 334006N 1240747E 333951N 1251229E 322422N 1240750E 322407N 1251137E. GND - UNL //PART 02 OF 02//, DAILY 2200-NEXT 0300, 09 DEC 22:00 2012 UNTIL 22 DEC 03:00 2012. CREATED: 01 DEC 08:05 2012
https://www.lizard-t.../20121210_3.jpg http://www.lizard-ta...te=20121210#p08 The orange line represents an orbital inclination angle of 97.4 degrees, that is, the ideal orbit for the North Korean satellite. And the red line is the launch azimuth at this time. If you want to get in the ideal trajectory, you have compensate this difference. When the launch azimuth angle is set to 97.4 degrees, the flight path will enter the high population density coastal areas in China. So dropping things here will not be fancy. If the currently issued NOTAM is correct, then there is only one method. It is to bend the flight path to the west side after the third stage ignition. This is a flight path known as the dog leg, which is also used when launching from Japan to the sun synchronous orbit. However, in order to do this dog leg, we have to make very accurate guidance and we need considerable leeway capacity. At the moment we do not know whether they can make a detailed guidance so far with the first launch, and whether the launcher has that capacity or not.
Pyongyang, December 10 (KCNA) -- The spokesman for the Korean Committee of Space Technology Monday released the following statement:
As already reported, scientists and technicians of the DPRK are pushing forward the preparations for the launch of the second version of Kwangmyongsong-3, a scientific and technological satellite, at a final phase.
They, however, found technical deficiency in the first-stage control engine module of the rocket carrying the satellite and decided to extend the satellite launch period up to Dec. 29.
Numerological Analysis by Master S☫heil from Sohae, DPRK.
Launch date (Pyongyang): 12 DEC (20)12
1+2+1+2+1+2=9 thus the lucky number of 9.
Can safely proceed with any space launch attempt on that especially lucky date!
December 13. 2012 Juch 101
Kim Jong Un Observes Satellite Launch Processes
Supreme commander of the Korean People's Army, gave a final written order regarding the launch of the second version of Kwangmyongsong-3 to the Korean Committee of Space Technology at 8 a.m. on December 12, 2012.
He visited the General Satellite Control and Command Center at 9 a.m., one hour before the launch.
Kim Jong Un learned about the preparations for the launch and issued an order on the launch and keenly observed the whole processes of the launch.
Kim Jong Un expressed great satisfaction over the successful launch of the satellite.
First March 27, 2013 ground pictures of the Kwangmyongsong-3#2 satellite confirmes successful unfolding of the two solar side-panels, and their correct orientation away from the Earth surface, toward the Sun, thus revealing the underneath yellowish-gold color multi-layer insulation.
The wireless communication equipment aboard Kwangmyongsong-3 sends out the wireless signal only for a short time window when in range with ground stations over North Korea. A third party who does not know the frequency of the radio signal that the satellite is transmitting will not be able to intercept the radio signal originating from that satellite at any particular time.
North Korea close to completing upgrades to Sohae launch site
24 June 2015
Ongoing modifications to the launch pad at North Korea's Sohae satellite launch centre suggest it will be the location for upcoming satellite launches.
Paek Chang Ho, vice director of Scientific Research and Development at National Aeronautics Development Agency (NADA), said in an Associated Press interview in late May that a new "earth observation satellite" was under development. He did not say which space launch vehicle (SLV) would be used, when the launch would occur, or from where it would be launched.
Nonetheless, North Korea's modus operandi of linking major technological developments to important dates for the nation has led to speculation that it could be launched in October to coincide with the 70th anniversary of the Korean Workers' Party.
Sohae (also known as Tongchang-ri) is on North Korea's West Sea/Yellow Sea coast and is one of two space launch facilities in the country; the other is Tonghae (also known as Musudan-ri), which is on the East Sea/Sea of Japan coast.
Satellite imagery of the Tonghae facility taken on 6 June 2015 shows no significant activity at the site. Construction of a large new launch pad, assembly building, and the supporting roads has stopped and the Unha-2 pad that was last used in 2009 appears to be mothballed.
The lack of activity at Tonghae - and a number of other factors - reinforces assertions that Sohae has become the main hub for North Korea's space and long-range missile programme. Analysts have suggested that Pyongyang has prioritised the Sohae site to minimise the diplomatic fallout of rocket debris landing in Japanese territory, which was possible with launches from Tonghae.
There have been two launches from Sohae since its public debut in 2012, although neither has been fully successful. An Unha-3 launch in April 2012 suffered a catastrophic failure in the first stage, while in December 2012 an Unha-3 rocket was successfully launched but failed to put its payload - a small satellite - into the correct orbit.
Despite these failures, Sohae is already undergoing a second stage of evolution. Its first incarnation (from 2001 to present) was as a test range developed to launch satellites using the Unha rocket and to perform rocket engine testing. Since 2013, North Korea has made a number of changes to the Sohae site to allow it to operate more efficiently and to launch a wider range of rockets that could relate to the mock-up of a new, larger SLV that was first seen at the Sanum Dong research and development facility, outside Pyongyang, in April 2012.
Imagery of Sohae taken on 3 June 2015 shows that this major construction project is almost complete. If the pad is cleared in August, the assembly and check-out timelines for the two Unha-3 launches in 2012 suggest that a launch could take place in October.
The construction programme at Sohae includes:
1. Raising the height of the gantry tower on the launch pad in 2014 to launch taller rockets while retaining the Unha launch capability.
2. Building a railway line to the Unha launch pad in 2014 to transport a large first stage to the pad for assembly and check-out. The terminus was completed in May 2015 and has a 4 m by 20 m opening into the rail tunnel that will allow the rocket to be lifted onto a moveable trailer on the launch pad.
3. Building a three-storey horizontal assembly building on the east end of the launch pad. The high bay section of the building is 30 m long by 20 m wide and has a single storey section facing the gantry tower. The high bay section has a 10 m long by 5 m high opening in the side that faces the railway tracks.
4. Building a 30 m long by 20 m wide three-storey first stage mover at the gantry tower end of the launch pad. So far three sides of the structure have been completed but when finished it will have a fourth side and probably some type of roof. It is mounted on a platform that moves on rails that run from the gantry tower to the opening in the rail tunnel and the new horizontal assembly building. The mover has a folding section of the floor that allows access to the tunnel opening.
Although the upgrade work will allow the Sohae launch pad to launch larger rockets, it is probable that the pad will still retain the capability to launch Unha-series SLVs. North Korea has previously announced that there will be six more Unha launches up to Unha-9.
Other upgrade work at Sohae appears intended to obscure activities on the ground. For example, work to cover the rail spur will complicate external observation and may make estimates of future SLV launches, of all sizes, more difficult.
North Korea is working hard to test the rocket engine, the source said, in addition to a construction project to extend a launch tower at a facility.
There was intelligence that Kim Jong Un as National Defense Commission First Chairman ordered the launch of an artificial satellite, so we believe the launch will take place before October.
North Korea is also moving rocket components produced at space factories near Nampo to the Tongchang-ri facility in Cheolsan Gun of North Pyongan Province, for assembly. More frequent movements of trucks near the Tongchang-ri launch site were detected recently, another government source said.
"It appears that the SLV stages and payload can be prepared horizontally in a new launch support building at the end of the pad, then transferred to a movable support structure that is several stories high, where they will be erected vertically, checked out and finally moved to the launch tower," the report said.
Imagery of the facility's engine test stand also showed that preparations were underway, as of July 21, for "an engine test in the near-term," including the presence of a movable crane and probable ground support equipment, the report said.
When asked about the possibility of North Korea conducting a launch around October, the country's deputy chief of mission to the United Nations, Amb. Jang Il Hun, said he does not "rule out any possibility of doing one of these things,"
Im sure well have a grand celebration, Jang Il Hun, the North Korean ambassador to the United Nations, told reporters on Tuesday in response to a question about a possible launch that would mark the Oct. 10 anniversary of the Workers Party of Korea.
Satellite imagery expert Tim Brown also notes in the institutes analysis that North Korea recently completed a 240-meter long (787-feet long) shelter to conceal a rail line intended for transporting equipment to the launch pad.
He said it would prevent observation by satellite of rocket-related rail cars and shipping containers.
Earth observation satellite for weather forecast entering final phase
September 14, 2015
The director of the National Aerospace Development Administration (NADA) of the DPRK was interviewed by KCNA Monday as regards the achievements made by its scientists and technicians in the field of outer space development on the occasion of the 70th founding anniversary of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK). He said:
The NADA is pushing forward at a final phase the development of a new earth observation satellite for weather forecast, etc. positively conducive to the development of the nation's economy and made big progress in the research into the geostationary satellite, a new higher stage in the development of satellite.
Successful progress made in reconstructing and expanding satellite launching grounds for higher-level satellite lift-off has laid a firm foundation for dynamically pushing ahead with the nation's development of space science.
Space development has become a worldwide trend and many countries are manufacturing and launching satellites for various purposes including communication, global positioning, crop estimate, meteorological observation and resource prospecting.
The world will clearly see a series of satellites soaring into the sky at the times and locations determined by Korea.
This is North Korea's newly opened satellite control center.
CNN had been given an exclusive interview with the senior officials who run it, though the front door is as close as we're permitted to get.
Two senior directors of the National Aeronautical Development Association (NADA) tell us a launch is "imminent" and final preparations are underway to send rockets and "multiple satellites" into space.
Some international observers have speculated the satellite control center is actually a military facility, but its appearance, at least on the surface, suggests otherwise.
We're greeted by two of the program's top scientists dressed in smart, newly designed uniforms, a row of brass buttons down the front of their jackets, and a smart military cap.
Hyon Gwang Il is the director of scientific development at NADA, and Kim Gun Song is in charge of the Satellite Control Center.
We scientists here are working ... to develop in the shortest possible time, multi-functional, highly reliable Earth observation satellites.
They invite two other scientists to join the conversation.
North Korea clears Sohae launchpad ahead of possible October launch
30 September 2015
Airbus Defence and Space imagery taken on 17 and 21 September show that the launch pad has been cleared of all construction materials, potentially for a Unha-3 launch to coincide with the 10 October celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Korean Worker's Party.
Between 27 August and 6 September a new large stage transporter was moved to the far end of the launch pad, 135 m from the gantry tower.
A freight train has begun moving in the direction of North Korea's Sohae Satellite Launching Station in Tongchang-ri, North Pyongan province.
The train, headed for North Korea's rocket launch pad was first spotted on Thursday, an unidentified source told Japanese newspaper Asahi Shimbun. Yonhap reported the contents of the freight train were unknown, but it was unlikely given the timing of transportation and the assembly required, a rocket launch could take place prior to Oct. 10, the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Workers' Party.
The confirmed train movement is the latest sign of activity since early September, when North Korea said that it plans to launch satellites. Since the announcement, the station where the rocket would be placed has shown little to no sign of activity.
The Asahi reported that while freight train movement was confirmed, the activity could be a decoy.
North Korea may be readying to fire a rocket from its northwestern launch site, a Japanese government source said Wednesday, citing satellite imagery analyses conducted over the past several days and cautioning that the launch could occur in about a week at the earliest.
Pyongyang may be preparing for no less than a space launch, US officials told the media, citing recently obtained satellite imagery of a site around the Sohae Satellite Launching Station and it may come sooner than later. ... Recent movement of components and propellant could indicate that North Korea is considering a rocket launch in the near future, unnamed US officials told Reuters. ... The indications are that they are preparing for some kind of launch Could be for a satellite or a space vehicle there are a lot of guesses, the official said. North Korea does this periodically they move things back and forth... Theres nothing to indicate it is ballistic-missile related.
North Korea has begun informing international organizations of its intention to launch an earth observation satellite sometime between February 8 and 25.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London said it had received notice of the launch and would be issuing an advisory to its members. Such notifications are commonplace for space launches or missile tests and serve as warnings to ships and aircraft to stay away from areas through which the rocket will fly or fall.
The launch notification named the satellite as Kwangmyongsong, (광명성) which is the same name given to previous satellites that were built by the country.
The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) said it had also received a notification. The letter, which came through the DPRKs mission to the United Nations in New York, indicated the satellite would have a lifetime of 4 years.
The launch notification sent on Tuesday by the DPRK to the International Maritime Organization warns of three areas that shipping should stay away from when the country conducts its planned satellite launch.
The launch is due to take place from Sohae satellite launch site sometime between February 8 and 25 between 7am and noon Pyongyang time. The three zones are the areas where the rockets first stage, fairing and second stage will drop back to sea.
The first stage is the lower part of the rocket and provides the power for the first minute or so of its flight. Once the fuel is used up, this detaches and falls back to earth. At that point the second stage engines fire up to take the satellite closer to space.
The fairing is the protective cover that sits around the satellite during the first part of its journey. Once the rocket gets high enough, the fairing is no longer needed and that too is jettisoned. Finally, the second stage engine cuts out and the rest of the rocket falls back to earth.
If all has gone according to plan, the satellite has been delivered to the right spot and continues its journey in orbit.
Here are the three areas on a map with Sohae launch site indicated at the top of the picture.
The zones are close but not identical to those used in launches in 2012.
The first stage is expected to land in the sea off the west coast of South Korea. That gives the South Korean Navy the chance to recover the rocket and see what they can learn about improvements in North Korean rocket technology.
The fairing will fall in a larger area off the south west coast of South Korea, closer to Jeju Island. This drop zone might be larger because the fairing is less aerodynamic and so its fall is more difficult to predict.
And finally, the second stage rocket is expected to land in waters to the east of the Philippines. This is similar to a previous North Korean satellite launch and will disrupt air travel in the region.
YELLOW SEA, EAST CHINA SEA AND NORTH PACIFIC, LUZON. DANGEROUS TO NAVIGATION AREA DESIGNATED DUE TO ROCKET CARRIER ELEMENTS FALL. 2230Z TO 0330Z COMMENCING DAILY 07 TO 25 FEB. AREA BOUNDED BY A. 36-04N 124-30E 36-04N 124-54E 35-19N 124-54E 35-19N 124-30E. B. 33-16N 124-11E 33-16N 125-09E 32-21N 125-08E 32-22N 124-11E. C. 19-44N 123-53E 19-43N 124-51E 17-00N 124-48E 17-01N 123-52E. CANCEL THIS MSG 250430Z FEB.
Issued 3 Feb 2016 by Korean Civil Aviation Authority:
030946 RKRRYNYX (A0170/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QRPCA/IV/NBO/W/000/999/ 3542N12442E030 A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330 D)2230-0330 E)TEMPO PROHIBITED AREA ACT DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK : AREA BOUNDED BY 360400N1243000E-360400N1245400E -351900N1245400E- 351900N1243000E TO THE BEGINNING. RMK : MISSILE DEBRIS WILL FALL IN THIS AREA. F)SFC G)UNL)
030946 RKRRYNYX (A0171/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QRPCA/IV/NBO/W/000/999 /3249N12439E043 A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330 D)2230-0330 E)TEMPO PROHIBITED AREA ACT DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK: AREABOUNDED BY 331600N1241100E-331600N1250900E -322100N1250800E- 322200N1241100E TO THE BEGINNING. RMK : MISSILE DEBRIS WILL FALL IN THIS AREA. F)SFC G)UNL)
030957 RKRRYNYX (A0173/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QARLC/IV/NBO/E/000/999/ 3531N12425E103 A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330 D)2230-0330 E)ATS RTE Y655 CLSD DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK F)SFC G)UNL)
Issued Feb 2016 by Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines:
040803 RPLLYNYX (B0521/16 NOTAMN Q)RPHI/QARLC/IV/NBO/E/000/999/ 1820N12512E207 A)RPHI B)1602072130 C)1602250400 D) 2130-0400 E) DUE TO SECOND STAGE OF NORTH KOREA ROCKET LAUCH WI THE AREA BOUNDED BY 1944N12353E、1943N12451E、1700N12448E、1701N12352E THE FLW RTE SEGMENTS ARE CLSD: 1)M501 BTN OMDOB AND BEDIP 2)A590 BTN GURAG AND MUPOB 3)R597 BTN SKATE AND SARSI 4)A582 BTN BISIG AND SARSI ALTN RTE: - MEVIN B462 (INBOUND MANILA FIR) - N884 LEBIX (OUTBOUND MANILA FIR) - OTHER RTE SUBJECT TO ATC APPROVAL.)
A SK government source here said the likeliest date is former North Korean leader Kim Jong Il's birthday on Feb. 16. ... The North announced the launch plan the very day when chief Chinese nuclear negotiator Wu Dawei was visiting Pyongyang.
║ North Korean Holidays in February 2016 ║
║ Feb 8 ║ Monday ║ Chunjeol * / Spring Festival, Lunar New Year's Day ║ Public Holiday ║
║ Feb 16 ║ Tuesday ║ Kwangmyongsong day ** / Day of Shining Star, Birth date of Kim Jong Il ║ Public Holiday ║
║ Feb 22 ║ Monday ║ Cheongwoldaeboreum *** / The 15th of the first month by the lunar calendar ║ Public Holiday ║
*춘절, **광명성절, ***정월대보름
DPRK National Aerospace Development Administration Releases Report on Satellite Launch
Scientists and technicians of the DPRK National Aerospace Development Administration succeeded in putting the newly developed earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 into its orbit according to the 2016 plan of the 5-year program for national aerospace development.
Carrier rocket Kwangmyongsong blasted off from the Sohae Space Center in Cholsan County, North Phyongan Province at 09:00 on February 7, Juche 105(2016). The satellite entered its preset orbit at 09:09:46, 9 minutes and 46 seconds after the lift-off.
The satellite is going round the polar orbit at 494.6 km perigee altitude and 500 km apogee altitude at the angle of inclination of 97.4 degrees. Its cycle is 94 minutes and 24 seconds.
Installed in Kwangmyongsong-4 are measuring apparatuses and telecommunications apparatuses needed for observing the earth.
Why was the LV named Kwangmyongsong and not Unha-4?
On an earlier photo, the Unha-4 LV presents a white first stage.
In Korea, "Kwangmyongsong" symbolises Kim Jong Il. According to a commentary in the Korean history document, Kim Jong Un, the first chairman of the National Defense Commission, instructed to write "Kwangmyongsong" on the rocket with the specific red font. The three letters "Kwangmyongsong" mean the successful completion of Kim Jong Il's space development project.
Therefore the LV is still an Unha. But the performance of this launcher has improved compared to the previous Unha-3-2.
Lucky and Unlucky the Korea Way
November 27, 2013
Some of the most common superstitions in Korea
The number 4 is related to death.
The equivalent to the western's unlucky number '13'. The number '4' is probably Asia's most unluckiest number as the Chinese world of that number is very similar to the word "death" [as they both pronounce "si"]. Hence it is tradition to avoid planning big events on the 4th day of the month or sometimes buildings have no 4th floors.
A long time ago the names of the deceased were written in red on registers, gravestones and plaques to ward off evil spirits,
Notice the very unusual red font used to paint the three letters "Kwangmyongsong", seen for the first time on any North Korean launcher or poster. Western origin is obvious: Old English Gothic font, close to England 1400's Old English Font 36 and England 1900's Old English Font 44 (http://www.callifont...ry/england.html).
So what has Kim Jong Il to do with Goths?
April 03, 2012
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had difficulty adjusting to life at the international school in Switzerland where he was enrolled for two years in the 1990s.
Citing anonymous sources, the paper said Kim was absent for 75 days in his first year at the school in Bern, and for 105 days of the second year. One source, who said he was a classmate of Kim's, said the leader-in-waiting often came to school in the afternoon only and got poor grades.
Sources said Kim, who used the pseudonym Pak Un, got 3.5 points out of six in natural sciences, and barely passed math, social studies and German. Kim was initially placed in an advanced class but was moved down and only got the minimum grade needed to pass. But he got five points out of six in music and technical studies.
To compensate for the gravitational perturbation of the Sun and the Moon, and such as increased speed over the Himalayas and slower speed over the ocean's abysses, the General Satellite Control Center in Pyongyang corrects the Kwangmyongsong-4 satellite's attitude with its thruster.
February 2, 2016
According to a report of December 5, 2015, a star map was made by Korean's space scientists, necessary for a stable flight along a polar orbit in outer space
In addition, North Korean scientists and engineers have created a corrective device for the optical sensor,
The smaller the eccentricity of the orbit, the higher the performance of the launcher, as demontrated by the 85 km altitude difference from an ideal circular orbit for Kwangmyongsong-3#2 and only 6 km for Kwangmyongsong-4.
Since the size of the Kwangmyongsong-4's launcher has not changed, compared to the Unha-3-2, it means that the engines have improved. Professor Sawaoka Akira noted that the first stage's burne time was 3 minutes shorter, because it burned the same volume of fuel faster than 3 years earlier. Meaning that the thrust of the rocket engine might have been stronger.
South Koreans estimated the Kwangmyongsong-4 mass between 250 ~ 300kg and the launch vehicle's payload capability at 1,000kg
The South Korean military said it had identified the debris from the rocket "Kwangmyongsong-ho"
after searching the waters 105 to 137 kilometers west of Eocheong, and identified the wreckage at a depth of 85 meters on February 10.
It was a cylindrical oxidizer tank, with a length of more than 2m identified using a side scan sonar and an underwater unmanned surveyor Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)
The outside is white, with two Korean letters and seven Arabic numerals in blue. It is similar to 'ㅅㄱ1030303' written on the outside of the fairing collected on the day of launch of 'Kwangmyongsong-ho'.
North Korea had blown up the first stage propellant tank into 270 pieces, but the debris is quite bulky,
North Koreas new satellite Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4 (KMS-4) is starting to make visible evening passes for NW Europe. Yesterday evening was very clear. Anticipating a faint object, I used the 2.8/180 mm Zeiss Sonnar lens on my Canon EOS 60D to image it. That lens captures faint objects but has the disadvantage of a small FOV (5x7 degrees). KMS-4 showed up on two of the images, one of which I show here in two versions: color positive, and black-and-white negative (the faint trail stands out a bit better in the latter version). For as far as I can tell over the short imaging arc (~6 seconds) there was no brightness variation. So the satellite is stable, or if it is tumbling it must be a very slow tumble. I also imaged the UNHA-4 upper stage of the launch. The upper stage is brighter and is tumbling (they often do). As a result it is flashing with a nice periodicity of 2.39 seconds (see composite image, and also the diagram).
Mar. 1, Juche 105 (2016) Tuesday
Russian Space Center Confirms Kwangmyongsong-4's Proper Operation
The National Space Monitoring Center under the air and space forces of the Russian Defense Ministry confirmed that the DPRK's earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 is now normally operating. Andrei Kallyuta, chief of the center, said this in a program of Ruskaya Sluzhuba Novostei Broadcasting Service on Feb. 22. He added that he could draw a conclusion that Kwangmyongsong-4 is a remote controlled earth observation satellite on the basis of the information about its orbit such as the analysis of revolution period, angle of inclination at which it was put into its orbit and altitude and in other words it is capable of performing its observation function and its devices are working.
Satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 Officially Registered by UN
The DPRK presented the UN with a document for registering a satellite as a signatory to the "Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space" as it successfully launched its earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 on Feb. 7, Juche 105 (2016).
Recently the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs worked out UN official document ST/SG/SER.E/768, the one related to the register of Kwangmyongsong-4, and posted it separately on websites.
The register of the DPRK's satellite conducted after going through legal procedures according to relevant international laws has thus been rounded off.
The DPRK's earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 launched according to the 2016 plan of the 5-year plan for national aerospace development is now going round the earth along its orbit.
Information furnished in conformity with the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
Note verbale dated 25 April 2016 from the Permanent Mission of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea to the United Nations (Vienna) addressed to the Secretary-General
The Permanent Mission of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea to the United Nations (Vienna) has the honour to transmit, in accordance with article IV of the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space (General Assembly resolution 3235 (XXIX), annex), information concerning the satellite Kwangmyongsong-4, which was launched by the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea on 7 February 2016 (see annex).
Annex Registration data on a space object launched by the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea*
Kwangmyongsong-4 Name of the launching State: Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea National designator: KWANGMYONGSONG-4 Date and territory or location of the launch: Launch date: 7 February 2016 Launch site: Sohae satellite launch site of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Launch vehicle: KWANGMYONGSONG Basic orbital parameters: Nodal period: 94 minutes 24 seconds Inclination: 97.4 degrees Apogee: 500 kilometres Perigee: 494.6 kilometres General function of the space object: Earth observation
http://kenshi.air-ni...2/07/470mhz.png http://kenshi.air-ni.../post-0d98.html Frequency used by Kwangmyongsong-4 was not disclosed in the notice to ITU. Assuming it also uses the 470 MHz frequency as with the previous Kwangmyongsong satellites, signal spectrum of 468MHz, as received near 470MHz from Japan on February 6, 2016, indicates that the frequency in this area is also used by other artificial satellites, so we may not be able to conclude that it is Kwangmyongsong-4 because there is a Doppler shift.
The wireless communication equipment aboard Kwangmyongsong-4 sends out the wireless signal only for a short time window when in range with ground stations over North Korea. A third party who does not know the frequency of the radio signal that the satellite is transmitting will not be able to intercept the radio signal originating from that satellite at any particular time.
Hyon Kwang Il, director of the scientific research department of North Korea's National Aerospace Development Administration,... said that as of July 27, KMS-4 had completed 2,513 orbits, and that within one day after its launch it transmitted 700 photographic images back to Earth. He said it is still working properly and sending data whenever it passes over North Korea, which is four times a day.
The Use of Satellite Imagery in Oil Reserve Exploration
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
RADARSAT (SAR) really detects changes in the surface tension caused by oil only a few microns thick and RADARSAT can detect as little as one-half to one liter of oil escaping per day.
Another type of satellite is using gravitational forces to create a map that can be used to locate oil reserves. These forces can be used as a useful tool because oil is often surrounded by materials such as limestone and clay which are light and have less gravitational force than surrounding materials.
We estimate there are 60 billion to 90 billion barrels of crude oil reserves in North Korea, said a North Korean economic official at the time.
If those arguments turn out to be true, North Korea has the eighth-largest crude oil reserves in the world, next to the United Arab Emirates.
Series of articles celebrating two decades of achievements in space activities published since March 24, 2017, in Korean and hinting at an upcoming major space launch, to mark the August 31, 1998 Kwangmyongsong-1 anniversary. April 25 is Military Foundation Day, thus a space launch might be attempted on April 24.
Numerological Analysis by Master S☫heil from Sohae, DPRK.
Launch date (Pyongyang): 2X APR (20)17, XX MAY (20)17; Time (Pyongyang): XX:XX
2+3+4=9 for the lucky number of 9.
1+3+5=9; 2+2+5=9; 3+1+5=9
It is therefore strongly advised to proceed with a space launch attempt on the lucky date of 23 APR 2017! Otherwise, one should wait for the next lucky windows: on 13 MAY 2017, 22 MAY 2017 and 31 MAY 2017.
DPRK's Space Development Will Make Progress as Scheduled
Apr. 5, Juche 106 (2017) Wednesday
The world will soon witness what eventful successes the DPRK will achieve in the space development.
North Korea is working hard to test the rocket engine, the source said,
I am not at liberty to discuss the timing and number of attempts, but North Korea conducted at least two engine combustion tests during the first half of this year, the official said. Taking into account the scope of the tests, the new rocket will be larger than Unha-3
The South Korean intelligence authorities said the rocket engine tests took place at an arms research institute in Sanum-dong of Ryongsong District in northern Pyongyang and the Tongchang-ri Space Launch Facility near the Chinese border.
An engine combustion test takes place on the ground to confirm the operation of a booster for a rocket, and the International Institute for Strategic Studies had earlier said North Korea conducted four engine combustion tests last year.
South Korean authorities suspect North Korea is preparing a launch of a rocket upgraded from the Unha-3.
After its successful launch of the Unha-3, the state media said the country would continue to bolster its capability by building more rockets under the slogan, Go for Unha-9 at one burst! Photos of a model of the Unha-9 were featured in North Koreas state-run newspaper.
A geostationary satellite launch is already announced for next year, with a new launcher powered by four(?) 80-tons thrust engines. Orbit Slots and Frequency resource as regulatory procedures as per ITU requirements are still to be fulfilled though.
Therefore, introducing this new rocket this year targeting a lower orbit between 700-1000 km SSO/LEO and a modest 1000 kg satellite would constitute a more conservative and incremental start. Otherwise, to maximize the success probability and not tarnish the festivities like in 2012, the simple launch of an old Unha-3 workhorse could be a safer strategy, but at the cost of lesser prestige.
However, the past 5 years have demonstrated that the North Korean supreme leadership is always willing to take the maximum risk in order to reap the maximum rewards. In addition, the space race between the two Koreas is forcing NADA, according to its Second Space Development Five-Year Plan starting in 2017, to send a heavy launcher, a geostationary satellite, a Lunar orbiter and an astronaut into space, all within 5 years!
Delays in the South Korean space launcher's development and political instabilities are only temporary. Indeed, KARI's pilot launch vehicle was originally scheduled for 2017, the KSLV-2 LV for 2019, the lunar orbiter and rover for 2020, the lunar return sample for 2025, and the 10 tons manned spacecraft for 2030.
7:37 PM - 29 Mar 2017
Video of Kari's 75-tons engine test
From now on the engine can move! This is a video of a test firing of the 75-tons class engine No. 3 conducted at Naro Space Center yesterday. From the engine No. 3, the thrust vector control system verification test is conducted to control the flight direction of the rocket by moving the engine itself to the north, south, east and west.
The manned spaceflight is not dictated by KARI's agenda but certainly considered a top priority for Iran's INSA.
Plan to launch in 2016 an E1 manned spaceship thus making Iran the only fourth world power to develop manned spaceflight capability, only failed due to the Rouhani's administration low priority space policy.
India as the other most serious contender for the fourth place, also postponed its extravagant space ambitions with the new Modi administration.
But as ex-Iranian President Dr Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, known as the father of Iran's manned space program, submitted his name on Wednesday 12 April 2017 for registration as a candidate in Iran's upcoming May 19, 2017 presidential election, the manned space race for the most coveted fourth place is now restarted between Iran and North Korea!
Dr Mahmoud Ahmadinejad barred from running for President And Space launch postponement
May. 5, Juche 106 (2017) Friday
DPRK Warns U.S., S. Korean Intelligence Agencies of Merciless Punishment: Ministry of State Security
The Ministry of State Security of the DPRK released the following statement Friday:
A terrorists' group, which the CIA and the IS infiltrated into the DPRK on the basis of covert and meticulous preparations to commit state-sponsored terrorism against the supreme leadership of the DPRK by use of bio-chemical substance, has been recently detected.
They hatched a plot of letting Kim commit bomb terrorism targeting the supreme leadership during events at the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun and at military parade and public procession after his return home.
They told him that assassination by use of biochemical substances including radioactive substance and nano poisonous substance is the best method that does not require access to the target, their lethal results will appear after six or twelve months, bio-chemical substance can be added in cooperation with the CIA if one single correct information is obtained,
on April 13, 17 and 20 this year they let Kim know that they officially confirmed the types of bio-chemical substance and hardware to be used for committing terrorist act against the supreme leadership
Kim Chol released a commentary on Wednesday, urging Chinese newspapers to refrain from making reckless remarks undermining the DPRK-China relations.
Their call for not only slapping stricter sanctions but also not ruling out a military intervention if the DPRK refuses to abandon its nuclear program is no more than an extremely ego-driven theory based on big-power chauvinism that not only the strategic interests but also the dignity and vital rights of the DPRK should be sacrificed for the interests of China.
China should no longer try to test the limits of the DPRK's patience but make proper strategic option, facing up to the situation.
China had better ponder over the grave consequences to be entailed by its reckless act of chopping down the pillar of the DPRK-China relations. -0-