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North Korean Space Program

North Korea NADA space program manned spaceflight Paektusan Unha Kwangmyongsong Sohae Tonghae Iran

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#41 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 22 June 2017 - 02:37 AM

North Korean flight test of re-entry vehicle


North Korea acquires re-entry technology

May 17,2017

North Korea appears to have acquired re-entry technology after its latest [May 14, 2017 test of Hwasong-12 IRBM]

the ballistic missile re-entry vehicle escaped and successfully re-entered the atmosphere, according to analysis of data communication with the North Korea's ground control center during the most recent intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) launch by North Korea on Sunday.

After its launch from the northwest city of Kusong, in North Pyongan Province, the North's Hwasong-12 missile flew about 700 kilometers (435 miles) before landing in the East Sea, with a total flight time of 30 minutes and 11 seconds.

It soared to an altitude of 2,111.5 kilometers along its planned trajectory.

The telemetry of the missile re-entry vehicle collects various data, including speed, pressure and temperature, and constantly transmits this to the ground control center.

If the Hwasong-12 RV was not able to endure a maximum temperature of 5,000 degrees Celsius during the re-entry process, there would not have been data communications once it returned to atmosphere, according to the government assessment.

North Korean state-run media reported on the success of the launch and said that it verified the homing feature of the warhead that allowed it to survive "under the worst re-entry situation"

The maximum speed of an IRBM is Mach 17

http://koreajoongang...spx?aid=3033467


2017/JUL/05

In particular, regarding the phase of re-entry of the [July 4, 2017 test of Hwasong-14 ICBM]:

The test-launch was aimed to confirm the tactical and technological specifications and technological features of the newly developed inter-continental ballistic rocket capable of carrying large-sized heavy nuclear warhead and to finally verify all technical features of the payload of the rocket during its atmospheric reentry including the heat-resisting features and structural safety of the warhead tip of ICBM made of newly developed domestic carbon compound material, in particular.

Specifically, the inner temperature of the warhead tip was maintained at 25 to 45 degrees centigrade despite the harsh atmospheric reentry conditions of having to face the heat reaching thousands of degrees centigrade, extreme overload and vibration, the nuclear warhead detonation control device successfully worked, and the warhead accurately hit the targeted waters without any structural breakdown at the end of its flight.


http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc3&section2=



2017080214082682.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....80214082682.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc3&section2=
▲ July 29, 2017 (Tokyo Time) fligh test of Hwasong-14 reentry vehicle as capture from NHK Broadcasting Station camera (NHK室蘭放送局) 〒051-0012 Hokkaidō, Muroran-shi, Yamatechō, 1 Chome−3−50, located at 42.3162N, 140.9802E.
On the left side: For comparison, a Russian ICBM re-entry vehicle entering the atmosphere at a normal inclined angle.
On the right: The Hwasong-14 re-entry vehicle, dropping vertically into the atmosphere, because it fired at the maximum angle. The speed is the fastest when falling vertically. The reentry vehicle has therefore overcome the harshest conditions.




2017080207283605.jpg
http://www3.nhk.or.j...91229_01_03.jpg
http://www3.nhk.or.j...1079571000.html
http://www.jajusibo....80207283605.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc3&section2=
▲ July 29, 2017 (Tokyo Time) fligh test of Hwasong-14 reentry vehicle as capture from NHK Broadcasting Station camera (NHK室蘭放送局) 〒051-0012 Hokkaidō, Muroran-shi, Yamatechō, 1 Chome−3−50, located at 42.3162N, 140.9802E.
The Hwasong-14 re-entry vehicle, which was launched in the second test on July 29, 2017, showed a bright light up to 7 km altitude, meaning it has already passed 72 km of of denser atmosphere layer, and the flashing light which was descending rapidly, gave a brighter flash. The glare weakened and the light disappeared over 3km altitude.
This could be caused by the presence of clouds below 3 km altitude, or that the re-entry vehicle was self-destructed.



Video of North Korean flight test of re-entry vehicle


▲ 【日本ニュース】NHKの複数カメラにせん光のような映像(2017/07/29) : https://www.youtube....h?v=Gs7INZLvygI
Hwasong-14 reentry vehicle captured on camera from Japan, Published on Jul 29, 2017
Pictures of NHK's multiple cameras
July 29, 12:00
At the time when the ballistic missile launched from North Korea appears to have fallen into the Sea of ​​Japan in the western Hokkaido, a number of cameras installed by NHK on the road have captured the scene.
In the city of Hokkaido, cameras installed at two locations, the NHK and the Kansai Broadcasting Station, and the Hinzumachi district, and at around 0:28:26 Tokyo Time, the falling object has been captured.
At the same time, a camera installed to the north-west side of Ejie-machi facing the Sea of ​​Japan has also photographed the bright source of light while closing in the sea surface.
The camera installed in Oku-jima Island is facing northward, but from the picture, it can be confirmed that the sky over the western side of the Oku-jima Island was momentarily brightened at around the same time.
In addition, the said falling object was able to withstand the very strong pressure and high heat of the reentry into the atmosphere. This indicates the possibility that the re-entry technology of North Korea's ballistic missile might be advancing.
http://www3.nhk.or.j...king-social_001

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:13 AM.

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#42 Soheil

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Posted 22 June 2017 - 02:38 AM

North Korean unmanned recoverable capsule mission

Juche 106 (Aug. 8, 2017), first official depiction of a future North Korean recoverable capsule, from a poster of the Pyonyang 1st Junior High School.
The capsule seems similar in shape to the Chinese Shijian.
The mission seems also similar to the Chinese Chang'e 5 T-1 precursor, where a downscaled Shenzhou reentry capsule was attached to a Chang'e lunar orbiter satellite.
The launcher is a 3 stages Unha, and the capsule is separated from its Kwangmyongsong satellite carrier at the end of its orbital mission. The main parachute is deployed before 4 visible retrorockets are fired just before landing on land. A Mi-8 helicopter is used to locate and retrieve the capsule.
The launch seems to be from the West coast, thus Sohae SLC, while the landing zone is in another shore, seemingly the East coast.

multi_photo_2017-08-08_dn32972_image1clo
http://ipic.su/img/i....1502255863.jpg
http://www.uriminzok...2972_image1.jpg
http://www.uriminzok...e=photo&no=4979
▲ Juche 106 (Aug. 8, 2017), first official depiction of a future North Korean recoverable capsule from launch to landing, close-up


multi_photo_2017-08-08_dn32972_image1.15
https://c1.staticfli...a7a5e5796_b.jpg
https://www.flickr.c...ok/36447228965/
http://ipic.su/img/i....1502248952.jpg
http://www.uriminzok...2972_image1.jpg
http://www.uriminzok...e=photo&no=4979
▲ Juche 106 (Aug. 8, 2017), first official depiction of a future North Korean recoverable capsule from launch to landing



Shijian-10 recoverable capsule

7ypewU.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ypewU.jpg
▲ CGI of Chinese Shijian-10 recoverable capsule atmospheric return


7ypex4.jpg
http://ipic.su/7ypex4.jpg
http://bbs.meyet.com...328&pid=3690379
http://bbs.meyet.com...328&pid=3690577
▲ CGI of Chinese Shijian-10 recoverable capsule parachute deployment



post-119945-0-42745000-1490266316.jpg
https://ipic.su/7ypLf1.jpg
http://mmbiz.qpic.cn...rom=5&wx_lazy=1


post-119945-0-19004900-1490266327.jpg
https://ipic.su/7ypmET.jpg
http://mp.weixin.qq....tBK9wQhR6nGQ#rd
▲ Chinese Shijian-10 capsule after recovery


A0IX-fxrizpp1676129.jpg
http://n.sinaimg.cn/...izpp1676129.jpg
http://news.sina.com...pp1676170.shtml
▲ Chinese Shijian-10 recoverable capsule located and retrieved by Mi-8 rescue team


post-119945-0-37026600-1490266311.jpg
https://ipic.su/7ypLf0.jpg
http://mmbiz.qpic.cn...rom=5&wx_lazy=1
http://mp.weixin.qq....Pa2EOxaSdrXP#rd
▲ Chinese Shijian-10 capsule after recovery



Chang'e 5 T-1 recoverable capsule


W020150607624349669624.jpg
http://kxcb.llas.cas...24349669624.jpg
http://kxcb.llas.cas...103_295500.html
▲ CGI of Chinese Chang'e 5 T-1 precursor


W020150607624349695408.jpg
http://kxcb.llas.cas...24349695408.jpg
http://kxcb.llas.cas...103_295500.html
▲ Chinese Chang'e 5 T-1 precursor recoverable capsule after landing


W020150607624349695157.jpg
http://kxcb.llas.cas...24349695157.jpg
http://kxcb.llas.cas...103_295500.html
▲ Chinese Chang'e 5 T-1 precursor recoverable capsule located and retrieved by Mi-8 rescue team


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 05:26 AM.

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#43 Soheil

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Posted 22 June 2017 - 02:39 AM

North Korean Space Tracking Ships

Chinese Space Tracking Ships


Yuanwang 1/2 Space Tracking Ships

2009-10-26

In 1965, Premier Zhou Enlai first proposed the concept of China developing its own ocean-going space tracking ships. In July 1967, the Chinese leadership approved a large-scale shipbuilding project known as Project 718 to support China's first full-range ICBM test flight from Shuangchengzi missile test site in Northwest China to the target zone in the South Pacific. The project included two 21,000t missile and spaceraft tracking ships (Yuanwang 1 and 2), an ocean scientific survey ship (Xiangyanghong 10), and an ocean rescue ship (Dajiang class), all to be constructed by Jianan Shipyard in Shanghai.

The first missile and space tracking ship Yuanwang 1 was launched on 31 August 1977, followed by the second ship on 1 September 1978. In early 1980, a large naval task force consisting 20 surface ships departed from Shanghai to the South Pacific for the scheduled missile test. On 18 May 1980, a Dongfeng-5 ICBM was launched from Shuangchengzi and the warhead was successfully recovered by the naval task force waiting in the target zone in the South Pacific.

In the mid-1980s, Yuanwang 1 and 2 were also involved in the full-range test flight of the Julang-1 submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) and the tracking of China's first geostationary orbit communications satellite DFH-2 and the third-stage of its Changzheng-3 launch vehicle. In 1986, the two ships received their first modernisation refit to support China's commercial launch services for international customers. In the late 1990s, Yuanwang 1 and 2 received their second major refit to support the flight missions of China's Shenzhou manned spacecraft.

1_225346_1.jpg
http://www.globalmil.../1_225346_1.jpg
http://www.globalmil...09/1026/44.html
▲ Yuanwang 2 Space Tracking Ships


Reference:
▲ Memory of a Nation 20170717 | CCTV-4, Published on Jul 17, 2017 : https://www.youtube....h?v=8qqHGgc5B-g
Project 718: Gravity field measurements at T=24m25s to T=26m52s


▲ Memory of a Nation 20170720 | CCTV-4, Published on Jul 20, 2017 : https://www.youtube....h?v=lMsW5NZ69RU
Task 580: DF-5 ICBM full-range test flight with data recovery capsule replacing nuclear warhead, presented as space launch [recoverable spacecraft test launch] at T=22m36s to T=24m00s


Task580.1501151649.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501151649.jpg
http://image10.360do.../3256230_27.jpg
http://www.360doc.co..._28400794.shtml
▲ Memory of a Nation 20170721 | CCTV-4, Published on Jul 21, 2017 : https://www.youtube....h?v=GEQyePcV6zQ
Task 580: China's first successful splashdown landing and recovery of a re-entry capsule in the Pacific Ocean, during the first DF-5 ICBM full-range test flight at T=24m48s to T=25m50s


http://www.globalmil...09/1026/44.html


2015-04-02

The "Donghae Rescue 118" (东海救118) is a 8000KW marine rescue ship.
The marine rescue ship will be part of China's Shenzhou manned spaceflight for maritime positioning and recovery.
The original ship equipped with 10 tons crane has been upgraded to 20 tons crane lift, and also increased its related search, positioning, communication equipments.


20150402081800CR-dhs.jpg
http://csschps.cssc....81800CR-dhs.jpg
▲ Newly launched China's recovery ship for next generation manned space capsule


http://csschps.cssc....play.php?id=487


2015-09-23

The "Donghae Rescue 118" (东海救118) 8000KW marine rescue ship was successfully delivered.

It is designed with a length of 99.35 meters, 15.2 meters wide, 7.6 meters deep, full load displacement of 5567.1 tons, speed 18.3 knots (draft 5.6 meters), the column drag force 1500 kN, has a crew of 30 people, can travel up to 14,000 nautical miles, may remain at sea for 45 days, can support helicopter search and rescue mission.
The ship is mainly used for the rescue of ships at sea and the life saving at sea.
It has a capacity of extinguishing fire, the ability of reclaiming oil and recovering operations, and capable of carrying 100 rescued people.

23_14_29_40_17C.jpg
http://old.dsti.net/...4_29_40_17C.jpg
▲ Newly delivered China's recovery ship for next generation manned space capsule


http://www.dsti.net/...Viewpoint/69005


Iranian oceanographic ship



1393/02/06

The Kavoshgar E Khalij Fars is Iran's National Institute of Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences first commissioned research vessel. It will conduct research in physics, chemistry, biology, geology, geophysics, meteorology and sea mapping. It can be used for sea sampling and field measurement in the Persian Gulf. It is 50 meters long, 10 meters wide. May remain at sea for 45 days, and travel three thousand nautical miles. Accommodation capacity for 27 people, 11 crew members and 16 researchers. Powered by 2,000 kW engine. Fitted with 4 research laboratories.

950462_777.jpg
751624.jpg?ts=1446879685220
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/2462847/به-آب-اندازی-کشتی-تحقیقاتی-در-انتظار-وزرا-دهه-فجر-پنجمین-زمان


n2867180-4359778.jpg
http://www.irna.ir/fa/Photo/2867180/



http://www.farsnews....h.4rddIDrE.dpuf


First oceanographic ship inaugurated

2017-02-04 15:59

TEHRAN, Feb. 04 (MNA) Defense Industries Organization (DIO), of the Ministry of Defense has inaugurated the country's first ever oceanographic ship dubbed Persian Gulf Explorer, Saturday in Bandar Abbas.

2364405.jpg?ts=1486462047399
http://media.mehrnew...s=1486462047399


http://en.mehrnews.c...hip-inaugurated

First oceanographic research vessel starts operation

Tue 14 February 2017 - 12:42

...a modern research vessel with 50 meters length, 10 meters width and 12 meters height, is capable of doing field research with full water and fuel for 45 day in the Persian Gulf, Sea of Oman and Northern Indian Ocean, having room for 27 people.

The vessel has the capability of remaining 40 days at sea and conduct offshore patrol for three thousand miles; it has a dynamic positioning system, sampling pump water with facilities, dry lab, wet lab, dry and wet labs, warehouse, refrigerator below zero degrees (-20 degrees Celsius), refrigerator above zero degrees (4°C) and compressor for air tools,

http://en.mehrnews.c...hip-inaugurated

February 4

... a maximum speed of 15 knots with excellent maneuverability, power, satellite communications systems, advanced CCP propulsion systems, the data transfer system and the DP system for dynamic stabilization of the ship.

https://www.facebook...5988187126045:0


North Korean oceanographic ship

Not officially revealed yet, but within North Korean shipbuilding capabilities.


5 000-ton Trade Cargo Ship Launched


May. 17, Juche 105 (2016) Tuesday

5 000-ton trade cargo ship Jaryok (self-reliance) was built as a gift to the Seventh Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK).

The ship was launched with due ceremony at the Ryongnam Dockyard on Sunday.

Present at the ceremony were O Su Yong, vice-chairman of the Central Committee of the WPK, officials concerned, officials and employees of the dockyard.

Kang Jong Gwan, minister of Land and Maritime Transport, made an address to be followed by speeches.

The speakers said the launching of the ship was ascribable to the patriotic devotion of President Kim Il Sung and leader
Kim Jong Il to the development of the nation's shipping and the leadership of Marshal Kim Jong Un and it was an expression of the loyalty of the working people and officials in the field of maritime transport to the party who are determined to bring earlier the final victory of building a thriving socialist nation.

They recalled that Kim Jong Un showed such loving care as personally naming the cargo ship Jaryok built by workers, technicians and officials in the shipping field with their own efforts.

This loving care and trust of Kim Jong Un is associated with his intention to dynamically promote the development of the maritime industry in the spirit of self-reliance and self-development, they noted.

They called for attaining the high goal for the development of maritime industry by displaying the revolutionary spirit and mettle of heroic Kim Il Sung-Kim Jong Il working class in close unity around Kim Jong Un and dynamically fighting for the final victory of building a thriving socialist nation.

A tape was cut and the cargo ship was launched.


20160602-k3-01-1.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...602-k3-01-1.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...type=2&no=11650
▲ 5 000-ton trade cargo ship Ja Ryok (《자력》, 自力: self-reliance) launched


20160516-pt2-2.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...60516-pt2-2.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...ype=202&no=7222
▲ 5 000-ton trade cargo ship Ja Ryok (self-reliance) launched


20160516-pt2-4.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...60516-pt2-4.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...ype=202&no=7222
▲ 5 000-ton trade cargo ship Ja Ryok (self-reliance) launched


http://www.xici.net/d230150108.htm


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:24 AM.

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#44 Soheil

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Posted 22 June 2017 - 02:39 AM

North Korean solid propellant launchers

North Korean rapid reaction solid propellant launcher

Chinese CZ-11 rapid reaction launcher


20161101025154278.jpg
http://images.takung...01025154278.jpg
http://news.takungpa...01/3386597.html
▲ 1:10 scaled model of Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher in its TEL and canister, civilian version and larger than the DF-41 ICBM.



20151006084346312.jpg
http://himg2.huanqiu...06084346312.jpg
http://mil.huanqiu.c.../2799479_3.html
▲ Chinese DF-31 solid propellant ICBM in its TEL and canister for comparison.


20151006084346501.jpg
http://himg2.huanqiu...06084346501.jpg
http://mil.huanqiu.c.../2799479_4.html
▲ Chinese DF-31 solid propellant ICBM cold launch from its TEL and canister sequence for comparison.


mp33301427_1443147552904_3.jpeg
http://photocdn.sohu...47552904_3.jpeg
http://www.sohu.com/a/33301427_189873
▲ Chinese DF-31 solid propellant ICBM cold launch from its TEL and canister for comparison.


20151006084346189.jpg
http://himg2.huanqiu...06084346189.jpg
http://mil.huanqiu.c.../2799479_2.html
▲ Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher, in its TEL and canister on its maiden flight of 25 September 2015.


20151006084346661.jpg
http://himg2.huanqiu...06084346661.jpg
http://mil.huanqiu.c...10/2799479.html
▲ Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher, in its TEL and canister on its maiden flight of 25 September 2015.



mp33301427_1443147552904_2.jpeg
http://photocdn.sohu...47552904_2.jpeg
http://www.sohu.com/a/33301427_189873
▲ Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher, in position ready for cold launch from its TEL and canister on its maiden flight of 25 September 2015.



1479227316752622.1500799340.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500799340.jpg
https://www.chinaspa...27316752622.jpg
https://www.chinaspa...rst-launch.html
▲ Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher, cold launch sequence from its TEL and canister on its maiden flight of 25 September 2015.


1479227316120713.1500799370.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500799370.jpg
https://www.chinaspa...27316120713.jpg
https://www.chinaspa...rst-launch.html
▲ Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher, cold launch sequence from its TEL and canister on its maiden flight of 25 September 2015.


6631592232749046667.gif
http://img1.ph.126.n...32749046667.gif
http://liuqiankktt.b...201582514721213
▲ Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher, cold launch sequence from its TEL and canister on its maiden flight of 25 September 2015.



Iranian Tir and Mehr solid propellant launchers



Two Iranian rockets ready to be launched into space

Apr 11, 2015

Deputy Head of the Iranian Science Ministry's Aerospace Research Center for Executive Affairs Mohammad Ali Farsi announced that the country has built two new space [launchers] named 'Tir' (Mercury) and 'Mehr' (Sun).

Noting that the project to build [space launchers] started in Iran since nearly 10 years ago, he explained that Tir and Mehr [launchers] were also built under the same projects.

Farsi said that the two [launchers] are now ready to launch into space, adding that they could be sent into space in two months at the demand of any research, academic or state center that intends to send satellites into orbit.

http://en.farsnews.c...=13940122001253

post-1283-1097714293.jpg
http://www.shiachat....-1097714293.jpg
http://www.shiachat....iranian-babies/
▲ Images posted on 14 Oct 2004, assembly building for Iran's first space launcher


http://www.shiachat....iranian-babies/

3 February 2014

13921114131419933_PhotoL.jpg
http://media.farsnew...9933_PhotoL.jpg
http://www.farsnews....=13921114000983
▲ 3 February 2014, Day of Space Technology
Space Technology Day ceremony on Monday morning in the presence of Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehghan Summit held in the hall.
First look at the new solid propellant space launcher


http://www.farsnews....=13921114000983[/size]

North Korean Pukgukson-Class rapid reaction launcher


Since North Korea is surrounded by hostile nations in the East and South. Solid propellant TEL launchers could allow North Korea to place satellites into LEO rapidly and from anywhere.
Feasible by developing a civilian satellite launcher, based on the solid propellant Pukguksong-class TEL MIRV ICBM.


FOREIGN201704181656000426985876482.jpg
http://en.people.cn/...26985876482.jpg
http://en.people.cn/...00-9204569.html
▲ North Korean Pukgukson-Class solid propellant MIRV ICBM in TEL and canister.

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:25 AM.

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#45 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 22 June 2017 - 02:40 AM

North Korean Sea-based launcher

Chinese CZ-11 Sea-based launcher

JP6P-fxzyxmu8415356.jpg
https://n.sinaimg.cn...yxmu8415356.jpg
https://mil.sina.cn/...ml?vt=4&pos=108
▲ Chinese DF-41 solid propellant MIRV ICBM in TEL and canister.


Img403051999.jpg
http://photocdn.sohu...mg403051999.jpg
http://mil.sohu.com/...403051998.shtml
▲ Chinese DF-41 solid propellant MIRV ICBM in TEL and canister.


CsuYZQ2VIAAvu8s.jpg
https://pbs.twimg.co...ZQ2VIAAvu8s.jpg
https://twitter.com/...883066748407808
▲ Scaled model of Chinese solid-fuel CZ-11 TEL launcher, able to place 500 kg payload to SSO or 750 kg to LEO; Diameter of 2 meters, length of 20.8 meters and liftoff mass of 58 tons



CsuYZQ6VIAYJhkt.jpg
https://pbs.twimg.co...ZQ6VIAYJhkt.jpg
https://twitter.com/...883066748407808
▲ Scaled model of Chinese solid-fuel CZ-11 TEL launcher, able to place 500 kg payload to SSO or 750 kg to LEO; Diameter of 2 meters, length of 20.8 meters and liftoff mass of 58 tons



Cv0TiDaVMAA1L1H.jpg
https://pbs.twimg.co...iDaVMAA1L1H.jpg
https://twitter.com/...810600695242752
▲ Scaled model of Chinese solid-fuel CZ-11 TEL launcher, able to place 500 kg payload to SSO or 750 kg to LEO; Diameter of 2 meters, length of 20.8 meters and liftoff mass of 58 tons
With military camouflage.



20161031091802479.jpg
http://images.takung...31091802479.jpg
http://news.takungpa...10/3386220.html
▲ 1:10 scaled model of Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher in its TEL and canister, civilian version and larger than the DF-41 ICBM.



20161031091802201.jpg
http://images.takung...31091802201.jpg
http://news.takungpa...10/3386220.html
▲ 1:10 scaled model of Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher in its TEL and canister, larger than the DF-41 ICBM.


20161031091801323.jpg
http://images.takung...31091801323.jpg
http://news.takungpa...10/3386220.html
▲ 1:10 scaled model of Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher.



cOxHmME.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/cOxHmME.jpg
https://forum.kosmon...&t=871&start=50
▲ Main characteristics of the Chinese CZ-11 solid propellant launcher.


DEMfdK-UQAAtoJx.1499706990.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1499706990.jpg
https://pbs.twimg.co...dK-UQAAtoJx.jpg
https://twitter.com/...584554337947648
▲ CZ-11 sea-based launcher system as a two-vessel flotilla, including an assembly and command ship, which would carry the rocket to the launch area near the Equator and the launch platform itself.




China develops sea launches to boost space commerce

2017-07-07 12:59:00

BEIJING, July 7 (Xinhua) -- China has a clear plan to provide sea launches for commercial payloads to be carried by Long March rockets, according to an aerospace official.

Tang Yagang, vice head of the aerospace division of the No.1 institute of the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASTC), said that the technology is not difficult and a sea launch platform can be built based on modifying 10,000-tonne freighters.

China will use solid carrier rockets which rely less on launch facilities and feature mature technology, Tang said, adding that key technology for the carrier rockets will be tested at sea this year and the service is expected to be available for international users in 2018.

At that time, Long March launch vehicles will be able to send satellites weighing 500 kilograms to a 500-kilometer-high sun-synchronous orbit with an inclination of zero to ten degrees, Tang said.

Countries in the equator region have growing needs for launching near-equatorial and low-inclination satellites, said Fu Zhiheng, deputy general manager of China Great Wall Industry Corporation, affiliated to the CASTC.

"The closer to the equator we launch a satellite, the less carrying capacity it will lose, and the lower the cost will be," Fu said, adding that space powers are competing to develop near-equatorial sea launches.

http://news.xinhuane...c_136425261.htm



South Korean Hyunmoo-Class Sea-based launcher



March 2, 2010

Writing proposal: Chae Yeon Seok, Young Gyu Kim, December 17, 2007

South Korea will enter the international satellite launch service market first before Japan, and this will be an opportunity to develop space technology as a growth technology of national economic development.

https://blog.naver.c...No=150080084154



It is impossible to launch commercial communication satellite from the South Korean latitude ... Maritime space launch

입력 : 2013.02.02 03:06

The Naro Space Center is suitable for launching low orbit satellites such as earth observation satellites, but it can not launch communication satellites or meteorological satellites. These satellites are launched from the equator. The answer is the sea. Kim Seung Jo, director of the Korean Aerospace Research Institute, said, "We will show off South Korea's outstanding aerospace technology in the Pacific Ocean's equator."
The global space market is worth $ 177.3 billion in 2011. 60% of them are satellite services using communication satellites.

Geostationary satellites orbit in the Earth's rotation direction. The equatorial orbit has the highest rate of rotation of the earth. If you launch satellite into the equatorial orbit, you can use less energy with the help of the Earth's rotation speed.

When launched from South Korean space center, the launcher has to turn 30 degrees or so to fly a long distance, so energy consumption is incredibly high. It is also possible that the first stage rocket may fall to Japan because it has to fly toward the equator.

If the rockets use less fuel, the satellites can weigh more. This is why France has secured half of the global satellite launches, because it has built its space launch site in Kourou, in the equatorial colony of Guiana.

2013020200241_0.jpg
http://image.chosun....020200241_0.jpg
http://biz.chosun.co...3020200246.html
▲ South Korean sea-launches the only way to launch commercial satellites.


http://biz.chosun.co...3020200246.html



2013/02/05 [16:32]

"If the 800 kilometer range is already allowed in the military, the solid fuel with the same level of thrust can be freely used in civilian space development," said Kim Seung Jo, the director of the Korean Aerospace Research Institute.

http://www.minjokcor...=sc10&section2=


South Korea pushes to revise missile guidelines to load up to 1 ton of warheads

2017/07/24 21:59

In 2012, the U.S. revised the ballistic missile guidelines, allowing Seoul to extend the maximum allowable missile range to 800 kilometers from the previous limit of 300 km

Under the deal, Seoul can load up to 500 kg of warheads on missiles with the range of 800 km.

The South Korean government is pushing to revise the missile guidelines developed with the United States to double the maximum weight of warheads on Seoul's ballistic missiles from the current 500 kilograms

http://english.yonha...4012800320.html



South Koreas first homegrown Hyunmoo-2A/B submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBM)

Published : 2016-05-17 16:54

South Koreas military on Tuesday held a ceremony to formally start the assembly of its first domestically developed submarine, slated to be deployed in the 2020s.

- for batch 1 of Jangbogo-III submarine was held by its builder Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co.

Jangbogo-III, named after the legendary admiral during the ancient Korean dynasty of Silla, will be the first 3,000-ton submarine operated by the Navy.

The new submarine will be equipped with six vertical launching systems capable of firing ballistic missiles. The navy will reportedly equip the Hyunmoo-2B surface-to-surface ballistic missile with a range of 500 kilometers and payload of 500 kilograms.

There have been calls that the South should develop asymmetric military capabilities by powering the new Jangbogo-III -- at least from batch-2 -- with a nuclear reactor.

http://www.koreahera...=20160517000865


South Korea will develop its own type of SLBM

May 30,2016

The South Korean Military is developing submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), a high-ranking military official said.


On the 3,000-ton Jangbogo-III submarine, which is currently under production, we are installing a vertical launching pad, said the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity. SLBMs are fired undersea and are therefore difficult to detect by radar. He added, The installation of a vertical launching pad indicates that the SLBM is already under development. The official also went on to say that the SLBM is being developed under the aegis of the Agency of Defense Development and is expected to be completed by 2020.


Although the SLBM may lack the accuracy of the SLCM, which is equipped with a guidance system, its velocity and destructive capability are significantly greater, said Kim Hyeok Soo


Another official said, The military has already deployed surface-to-air missiles that use cold-launching mechanisms - a technology used by the SLBM, in which the engine fires after the missile reaches a certain altitude. We are trying to apply that mechanism so that the missiles can be fired underwater.

As far as I know, South Korea uses more stable technology by taking the S400 that was obtained from Russia as a repayment of its debt to South Korea.

The S400 is a technologically superior missile with embedded cold-launching technology.

If the development of SLBMs finishes as scheduled, South Korean military authorities plan to equip the Jangbogo-III submarine with SLBMs, as this submarine which will have been turned over to the Navy by 2020.


http://koreajoongang...spx?aid=3019321


April 26, 2016

The Jangbogo-III (KSS-III) Batch 2 is expected to have a lengthened hull approx. 4000-ton range ore more, and the number of VLS is increased to 10 to further strengthen the ground attack power.

http://koreadefence....31&thread=22r06


South Korean Hyunmoo-2C/D/E/F solid propellant SLBMs MRBM/IRBM/ICBM

2017-AUG-01 16:24

During the Roh Moo Hyun administration, South Korea launched a clandestine military project in 2003: developing its own nuclear-powered submarines and deploying them by 2020.

Dubbed 362 initiative, the program was derailed just a year later, with classified information leaked to the public and its nuclear activity brought under the scrutiny of UN nuclear watchdog International Atomic Energy Agency.

After 13 years, calls for building indigenous nuclear submarines are gaining momentum once again,

Nuclear-powered submarines are probably the only weapon systems that can impose retaliatory attacks after surviving the enemy's pre-emptive strikes, said Moon Geun Shik, a submarine expert and defense analyst at Seoul-based security think tank Korea Defense and Security Forum.

Analysts agreed that South Korea is considered to have secured technology for developing nuclear-powered submarines, as the country is able to build its own nuclear reactor and miniaturize it to fit into indigenous submarines.

When the Roh administration launched the submarine program, the then-government anticipated that building one nuclear submarine would cost about 1.3 trillion won ($1.16 billion), about one-fortieth of South Korea's defense budget in 2017.

South Korea's atomic energy agency finished its basic design for a nuclear reactor that can be used for a nuclear-powered submarine in 2004, Kim Si Hwan, who was in charge of developing nuclear reactors for submarines at the Atomic Energy Research Institute, said in an interview with local magazine Monthly Chosun.

Some analysts suggest that South Korea could avoid the international restriction by developing a nuclear submarine run by low-enriched uranium, which would not incur concerns over military use. Some nuclear submarines, such as those developed by France, can work on 20 percent enriched uranium.

But the country would face another tough negotiation with the US, with which South Korea signed an agreement in 2015 on Seoul's use of nuclear technology and materials. Under the revised deal, South Korea is allowed to enrich uranium up to 20 percent, but is strictly banned from using it for any military purpose.


20170801000789_0.jpg
http://res.heraldm.c...801000789_0.jpg
http://www.koreahera...=20170801000845
▲ South Korean Jangbogo-V (장보고, 張保皐)(?) SSBN: nuclear submarines, such as those developed by France, can work on 20 percent enriched uranium. French nuclear-powered strategic submarine Le Terrible, for illustration.


http://www.koreahera...=20170801000845


South Korean alternative to SSBN: converted LST-II 4,900-ton class Arsenal Ship

2016/06/03 08:44

A nuclear-powered submarine is an absolute necessity for conducting a nuclear retaliatory second strike against North Korea.

It was also suggested to consider launching ballistic missiles in a remote area of ​​the sea from a large landing vessel.

The head of the National Defense Research Institute (KIDA), will present his plan of converting a 4,900-ton class LST-II landing vessel with Vertical Launching System.


http://www.yonhapnew...3029800014.HTML



201508281335257555.jpg
http://www.sepbarge....81335257555.jpg
http://www.sepbarge....k_code=3&idx=27
http://www.sepbarge....de=3&book_year=
http://img0.ph.126.n...42537236146.jpg
http://liuqiankktt.b...01752611203589/
▲ South Korean Hyunmoo-2C solid propellant SRBM with a 800-km range, TEL and canister, sea-launched from a barge on 23 June 2017.


2017072838387818.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....72838387818.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...=sc29&section2=
▲ South Korean Hyunmoo-2C solid propellant SRBM with a 800-km range, TEL and canister, sea-launched on 23 June 2017.


The South Korean Hyunmoo-2B solid propellant SRBM with a 500-km range is the first SLBM designed for the Vertical Launching Systems of the Jangbogo-III SSB.
South Korea will need to develop a submarine launched MRBM with a 1 ton warhead and 1600 km range (Hyunmoo-2D SLBM), then an IRBM with a 2 tons warhead and 4000 km range (Hyunmoo-2E SLBM) and finally a full ICBM with a 4 tons warhead and 8000 km range (Hyunmoo-2F SLBM).
The development of a civilian satellite launcher would then be unlocked, based on a converted solid propellant Hyunmoo-2F SLBM MIRV ICBM upgrade.
Note, sea launch of Hyunmoo-2C (현무-2C, 玄武-2C) solid propellant ballistic missile TEL have already been conducted successfully on 23 June 2017.

North Korean Pukgukson-Class Sea-based launcher

First hinted by an equivalent South Korean concept, as launching from near the equator would both improve the payload capability and reduce tensions with neighbouring nations produced by the launcher's overflight and drop zones.

Since North Korea is surrounded by hostile nations in the East and South, and has a maritime access to the South Oceans.
Feasible by developing a civilian satellite launcher, based on the solid propellant Pukguksong-class TEL MIRV ICBM.

Converting one of the many North Korean 14,000t-class offshore platforms from the North Korean booming oil industry into a launch platform, would be the quickest way for North Korea to launch satellites from the Equator.


northkorea.jpg
http://www.weltfreun.../northkorea.jpg
http://www.weltfreun...xpo-milano.html
▲ Conquering the South Seas, the key for unlocking North Korea's future space superpower status!


2017073144403381.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....73144403381.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=
▲ China Ocean Oil Corporation has surprised the world by announcing that there is an estimated 7.15 billion tons of crude oil in the Korean West Sea continental shelf.
This photo shows the 14,000t-class offshore platform owned by CNPC, a state-owned Chinese company, leaving the Dalian port in China on May 22, 2016.
This offshore platform is located in the waters 3 km inside the exclusive economic zone of North Korea, on the continental shelf of the Korean Sea.
According to the report, the annual output of the oil well No. 606 in the West Sea is 19,700 tons and the annual production of the well No. 609 is 152,000 tons. There are at least 10 such wells on the continental shelf belonging to the exclusive economic zone or territorial waters of North Korea's West Sea.



FOREIGN201704181656000426985876482.jpg
http://en.people.cn/...26985876482.jpg
http://en.people.cn/...00-9204569.html
▲ North Korean Pukgukson-Class solid propellant MIRV ICBM in TEL and canister.


dprksea.1500627324.jpg

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:26 AM.

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#46 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 28 June 2017 - 08:36 AM

North Korean manned solid fuel launcher: Unha-27


Numerological Analysis by Master S☫heil from Sohae, DPRK.

The first lucky number is already assigned to the future lunar exploration rocket Unha-9, with a lift-off mass of ~200t, a lift-off thrust of ~4 x 80tf and a LEO payload capacity of ~2t @500km.
The next known North Korean launcher is designated Unha-20, with a LEO payload capacity of ~20t.

Any manned launcher would need increased reliability thus, extra luck. The next lucky number after 9 and before 20 is 18 (1+8=9).
This one should be assigned to the liquid fuel manned launcher as the Unha-18.

The next lucky number after 20 is 27 (2+7=9).

Therefore any manned solid fuel launcher could safely be named Unha-27 thus providing extra safety to all future crews!

ef4c39dcd17aefe2a1d2402a2ee4eb.png

Master S☫heil


Chinese KZ-41 manned solid fuel launcher


Kuaizhou is a series of solid fuel TEL space launchers.

Chinese manned solid-fuel launcher KZ-41 for commercial orbital flights, from Expace Technology Co.(Expace), a commercial-launch venture, created by China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp. (CASIC), to market the solid-fueled Kuaizhou rocket globally.



2017-04-25 07:15:20

The disclosed diameter and payload of KZ-21 are 4.5 m and 20 tons.

http://news.cnhubei..../t3822491.shtml


Therefore, the Kuaizhou-41 should be not less than 4.5 m in diameter with a length of ~40 m, the double of the KZ-21.

d9e11c440cb388139de3a56843bfa86d37a99489
https://archive.is/h...86d37a99489.jpg
http://archive.is/hSBxV
https://t.co/cvasgZg4ES
http://mmbiz.qpic.cn...rom=5&wx_lazy=1
https://mp.weixin.qq...qcL3pgRQGvYHfXw
3:55 AM - 19 May 2017: The Kuaizhou rocket which was originally thought to specialize in small satellite launch is also planning larger launchers
From right to left: KZ-41 manned launcher, KZ-11, KZ-1A, KZ-1



rnu7-fyfuzmy2427155.jpg
http://n.sinaimg.cn/...uzmy2427155.jpg
http://slide.mil.new..._52132.html#p=7
▲ Chinese KZ-11 at 2017.06.06 GLEX2017


jSMP-fyfuzmy2427346.jpg
http://n.sinaimg.cn/...uzmy2427346.jpg
http://slide.mil.new...52132.html#p=10
▲ Chinese KZ-11 TEL at 2017.06.06 GLEX2017



Iranian Ghaem solid fuel launch Vehicle


Iran has managed to design,manufacture,and test its new and powerful solid-fuel based Space launch Vehicle called Ghaem.

Ghaem project is part of a series of launchers, planned by Iran for next 10 years to meet its needs in the field of space launch vehicles for its space program.Ghaem is a four-staged all solid fuel expandable launch vehicle capable of launching payloads to LEO, MEO and GEO orbits and employs a very sophisticated design to be able to handle all types of payloads to those orbits.

Ghaem is not a man-rated launcher but many of its design specifications will be employed for our future manned space missions.

This prestigious and extremely sophisticated program was initiated and lead by Shahid Hajj Hassan Tehrani Moghadam and his team years ago and unfortunately experienced a set-back during a failed test back in 2011 which took the lives of several Iranian scientist including General Moghadam but eventually resulted in success in 2014. All stages are now flight-ready hardware.

With Ghaem Iran is now among a very elite group of space fairing nations capable of launching payloads to GEO and beyond.
 

Monday, 1/17/1394

While achievements in the field of defense made by Iranian rocket scientist Shahid Hajj Hassan Tehrani Moghadam are well known, little has been revealed about his last project, a 4-stages solid fuel launcher.
According to data published in the national media, the first stage has a diameter of 3.5 m with a height of 20 meters and is designed to deliver a payload of more than 100 kg to an 1,000 kilometers LEO.

Advanced composite solid fuel HTPB was used in all new Iranian solid rockets.
 

22 Dey 1394

It will use thrust vector control (TVC) for the first time in Iran

http://www.farsnews....=13930822000347



965897_583.jpg
http://www.mashreghn.../965897_583.jpg
▲ From Right to Left: Ghaem, Safir-2, Safir-1, Sejil-2, Kavoshgar-1 (?)/Ghadr-F?, Shahab-3(?), Qiam(?), Shahab-2(?), Shahab-1(?).


http://sahebnews.ir/205606/قائم؛-شاهکار-شهید-مقدم-که-ماهوارهه.htm


Ghaem-launcher.1500622266.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500622266.jpg
▲ Ghaem CGI.


zy_thumb.gif

ShahidModarres2011.1501870906.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501870906.jpg
▲ 9/9/2011 satellite imagery of the Shahid Modarres Garrison facility (35°37'27.43"N 50°52'28.24"E), just before the November 12, 2011 explosion.
Photogrammetric measurements of a booster's first stage or second stage black solid propellant section indicate a ~3 meters maximum diameter, and a ~1 meter inner diameter.
This larger stage might be assembled from ~6 of these sections (~6 visible on the image).
Two ~3 meters cylinders of obviously even greater length (as indicated by the shadow) are also visible just 80 meters south at the entrance of another bulding.
Smaller stage of ~2 meters are also visible.
This smaller stage might be assembled from ~5 of these sections.



ShahidModarres27JUN2011.1501870941.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501870941.jpg
▲ 27/JUN/2011 satellite imagery of the Shahid Modarres Garrison facility (35°37'23.63"N 50°52'14.54"E), just before the November 12, 2011 explosion.
Photogrammetric measurements of a ~4 meter maximum diameter white cylinder and ~ 1.25 inner diameter, possibly a solid motor casing mold for a first stage booster.
Several brown, green and white cylinders of ~10 meters long and ~2 and ~3 meters diameters.



ISSLC2014.1501870837.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501870837.jpg
▲ 2014 satellite image of the ~6 meters rectangular? or circular? exhaust's pit at the Imam Sadegh Space Center's Launch Complex 1 designed to support the ~3.5 meters diameter Ghaem solid propellant launcher.


ShahidModarresstaticteststand2011.150188
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501889099.jpg
▲ 9/9/2011 satellite imagery of the Shahid Modarres Garrison facility, solid motor static test firing site with no less than 8 horizontal static test stands in a row among others in the area that clearly show the burn mark obstructions from their gas jet firings (35°36'26.26"N 50°52'18.94"E), just before the November 12, 2011 explosion.
Photogrammetric measurements of ~60 to 90 meters ground burn mark from gas jet firings.



ShahidModarresGhaemburnmarkstaticteststa
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501889136.jpg
▲ 9/9/2011 satellite imagery of the Shahid Modarres Garrison facility, solid motor static test firing site with no less than 8 horizontal static test stands in a row among others in the area that clearly show the burn mark obstructions from their gas jet firings (35°36'26.26"N 50°52'18.94"E), just before the November 12, 2011 explosion.
Simulated ~40 meters Ghaem SLV scaled to the ~90 meters ground burn mark from gas jet firings, according to the rocket to flame length 1:2 ratio.



North Korean Pukgukson-Class manned solid fuel launcher

An uprated 4.5 meters diameter and 40 meters long Pukgukson-Class launcher could be used to launch astronauts to LEO.
In this regard, the Tonghae Space Center's Launch Complex 3 (construction currently on hold), seems specially suited for this size of solid propellant launcher, with a ~10 meters base circular aperture for the flame's exhaust pit, compared to the ~7.5 meters by 7.5 meters rectangular exhaust's pit of the Sohae's Launch Complex 1 designed to support the ~3 meters to ~3.5 meters diameter Unha-9 launcher.

PYH2013072307010034000_P2.jpg
http://img.yonhapnew...10034000_P2.jpg
http://www.yonhapnew...4059500071.HTML
▲ 26 May 2013 satellite imagery of the Tonghae LC-3


SohaeLC-113-MAY-2005.1500704219.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500704219.jpg
▲ 2005 satellite image of the ~7.5 meters by 7.5 meters rectangular exhaust's pit at the Sohae Space Center's Launch Complex 1 designed to support the ~3 meters to ~3.5 meters diameter Unha-9 launcher.



TonghaeLC-312-MAY-2012.1500704293.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500704293.jpg
▲ 2012 satellite image of the ~10 meters circular exhaust's pit at the Tonghae Space Center's Launch Complex 3, suitable to support the 4.5 meters diameter solid propellant Unha-27 launcher.



JQSLCLC-9219-OCT-2013.1500882597.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500882597.jpg
▲ 2013 satellite image of the ~17 meters circular exhaust's pit at the Jiuquan Space Center's Launch Complex 921, designed to support the ~9 meters? maximum diameter CZ-2F launcher (2 x 2.25 m boosters + unknown spacing + 3.35 m core stage).
Meaning that the exhaust's pit is always about twice the maximum diameter of the launcher! QED



2017-07-15_22-06-40.1500166220.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500166220.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=sUC0ygjNGi8
▲ Image of Pukguksong-3 class SLBM?, from 13 July 2017 video


FOREIGN201704181656000426985876482.jpg
http://en.people.cn/...26985876482.jpg
http://en.people.cn/...00-9204569.html
▲ North Korean Pukgukson-Class solid propellant MIRV ICBM in TEL and canister.

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:27 AM.

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#47 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 28 June 2017 - 08:37 AM

North Korean reusable space launcher

Chinese Teng Yun (腾云) space plane


The Teng Yun, which CASIC intends to deliver by 2030, uses a TRCC-engined hypersonic carrier aircraft to carry the second rocket-powered stage into near space.
Both stages will be reusable; the hypersonic carrier airframe could also be used to hypersonic strike and reconnaissance roles.
The DSTO Teng Yun would have a combined weight of 100-150 tons. The first stage is a Mach 6 hypersonic 'carrier' aircraft, with TRCC engines.
Teng Yun's second stage is a reusable, 10-15-ton rocket-powered spaceplane capable of carrying either 2 tons of cargo or 5 passengers.




_h03-fyfuzmy2427153.jpg
http://n.sinaimg.cn/...uzmy2427153.jpg
http://slide.mil.new..._52132.html#p=5
▲ Chinese Teng Yun (腾云) space plane at 2017.06.06 GLEX2017


0rf2-fyfvnky5027443.jpg
https://n.sinaimg.cn...vnky5027443.jpg
https://mil.sina.cn/...j=none&s=0&tr=1
▲ Chinese Teng Yun (腾云) space plane scaled model at 2017.06.06 GLEX2017


GJP7-fyfuzmy2427154.jpg
http://n.sinaimg.cn/...uzmy2427154.jpg
http://slide.mil.new..._52132.html#p=1
▲ Chinese Teng Yun (腾云) space plane scaled model at 2017.06.06 GLEX2017


cEzJ-fyfuzpn4137273.jpg
http://n.sinaimg.cn/...uzpn4137273.jpg
http://slide.mil.new..._52132.html#p=2
▲ Chinese Teng Yun (腾云) space plane scaled model at 2017.06.06 GLEX2017


fArD-fyfuzpn4137293.jpg
http://n.sinaimg.cn/...uzpn4137293.jpg
http://slide.mil.new..._52132.html#p=3
▲ Chinese Teng Yun (腾云) space plane scaled model at 2017.06.06 GLEX2017


nWbU-fyfuzpn4137317.jpg
http://n.sinaimg.cn/...uzpn4137317.jpg
http://slide.mil.new..._52132.html#p=4
▲ Chinese Teng Yun (腾云) space plane manned and unmanned version at 2017.06.06 GLEX2017


43ca9268d3d64ec596c321ea24073bbc.png
http://5b0988e595225...1ea24073bbc.png
http://www.sohu.com/a/148798554_329208
▲ Chinese Teng Yun (腾云) space plane CGI



North Korean space plane

Seemingly a two stages to orbit vehicle, with a vertical-takeoff, similar to the Chinese Teng Yun (腾云).

The hypersonic carrier airframe could be powered by an improved version of the North Korean scramjet engine used to power its new class of Hwasong-14 ICBM warhead, and revealed on 4 July 2017, by Korean aerospace analysts.



North Korean scramjet engine

2017/07/17

If North Korea had made a Hwasong-14 ICBM with triconic nuclear warhead, it would not claim the missile as a "new strategic weapon that the world does not have and can not imitate."
As you can see, the idea is that the Hwasong-14 ICBM is a completely new missile with no equivalent in the world and that can not be imitated.
Like the Russian Topol-M ICBM nosecone, the long, thick conical-shaped Hwasong-14 warhead nosecone is an indication that the nosecone contains a scramjet-powered warhead that alters course midflight.

201707171315458.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....07171315458.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=
▲ Russian scramjet engine used to produce a new class of ICBM, for illustration purpose only.



http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=




vlcsnap-2017-07-08-17h44m06s772.14995317
http://ipic.su/img/i....1499531708.png
vlcsnap-2017-07-08-17h44m15s229.14995317
http://ipic.su/img/i....1499531752.png
▲ Screen capture from Jul 8, 2017 video showing a North Korean reusable space plane scaled model at the national exhibition of children's science fictions and models-2017.



Video Published on Jul 8, 2017 from the national exhibition of children's science fictions and models-2017: https://www.youtube....h?v=0bOBJifozQw
▲ At T=2m54s to T=2m57s: North Korean two stages to orbit reusable space plane scaled model.

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:28 AM.

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#48 Soheil

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Posted 08 July 2017 - 06:04 PM

North Korean international space cooperation

North Korea-Chinese space cooperation

e13-453.jpg
https://chineseposte...ges/e13-453.jpg
http://mmbiz.qpic.cn...SVqVxZwaic8cA/0
http://www.haokoo.co...se/2370039.html
▲ 1972 Chinese poster, (月宫小客人)


se14653751.jpg
http://pic05.997788..../se14653751.jpg
http://www.997788.com/s157_14653751/
▲ 1983 Chinese poster, (家乡来的小客人, 山东1983)


A4321A.jpg
http://www.sjyk.com/...ypxs/A4321A.jpg
▲ Juche 93 (2004) Korean stamp figuring China's first manned spacecraft Shenzhou-5


2004061801.jpg
http://www.qlstamp.c.../2004061801.jpg
▲ Juche 93 (2004) Korean stamp figuring China first manned spacecraft Shenzhou-5 and DPRK first satellite Kwangmyongsong-1


2004061804.jpg
http://www.qlstamp.c.../2004061804.jpg
▲ Stamp figuring China first manned spacecraft Shenzhou-5 and DPRK first satellite Kwangmyongsong-1



2012-APR-13

李相荣,中国长征四号乙火箭总设计师、总指挥
姜景山,中国探月工程副总设计师
...
都是朝鲜族的
所以朝鲜人弄点儿火箭卫星什么的,不足为奇

Li Xiangrong is the chief designer of China's Long March-4B rocket and the commander-in-chief of China's spaceflight
Jiang Jingshan is deputy chief designer of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program

Both are ethnic Korean Chinese. No wonder Korea get access to such space technologies...


 

Li Xiangrong (李相荣, 리상영: Lee Sang Young)

2007년 1월 3일 (수) 15:10

Born in Korea (庆尚北道, Gyeongsangbuk-do) on 19 September 1941, Li Xiangrong settled in China with his father in 1942.
Member of the Chinese communist party.
Li Xiangrong , a Korean-Chinese scientist, was awarded the Grand Prize of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the highest Science Prize in China.
He was awarded this prize for the first time as an ethnic Korean in the People's Congress of Beijing at the end of last year.
Born in Wuchang, Heilongjiang province, he has contributed to China's aerospace business for more than 40 years after graduating from the Beijing Institute of Technology.

He created "10 miracles out of 10" by placinging 10 satellites in space in 10 space launches.

F201401221352350136706884.jpg
http://korean.people...50136706884.jpg
http://korean.people...0/15385712.html
http://a3.att.hudong...289861982_s.jpg
http://www.yiehgharng.com/lovegirl/partwrite/조선족과학자.jpg
http://www.yiehgharn...twritep2110.htm
▲ Ethnic Korean-Chinese Li Xiangrong created "10 miracles out of 10" by placinging 10 satellites in space in 10 space launches.


http://soskr.com/bbs...e=h003&wr_id=21
http://www.yiehgharn...twritep2110.htm



Jiang Jingshan (姜景山, 지앙 경산)


Sent to the Soviet Union to study (electronics engineering?). Returned to China in 1962, and sent to the 581 Institute, the first in China to design satellite.
Built the first DFH-1 satellite in 1970. Built remote sensing satellites.

20170425053048935.jpg
http://www.mwrf.net/...25053048935.jpg
http://www.mwrf.net/...2017/21307.html
http://news.sciencen...58161426737.jpg
http://news.sciencen...9393206306.html
▲ Ethnic Korean-Chinese Jiang Jingshan, the deputy chief designer of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program


http://www.mwrf.net/...2017/21307.html


http://lt.cjdby.net/...83&pid=35481270


North Korea, China To Cooperate In Space

Mar 19, 2012 16:47 Moscow Time

North Korea has told China that it is ready to produce space satellites for China and for other countries and to launch them to space by North Korean-made carrier rockets.

This news comes from the Japanese Kyodo news agency, which supposes that in reality, North Korea wants to attract Chinese scientists to jointly work out new types of satellites.

Japan also believes that by this, North Korea wants to attract more money into its budget.

http://english.ruvr....03_19/68912644/



12 Oct 2015

Head of China's space station program: Foreign nations welcome to add modules, visit w/ crewed vehicles

https://twitter.com/...594130698907648



June 08, 2017

China will open its space station to scientists worldwide after the station is completed around 2022, according to Wei Chuanfeng, on Thursday at the 2017 Global Space Exploration Conference, which was held in Beijing.

UN members, especially developing countries, could conduct scientific and technological experiment on Chinese space station, Wei said.

The space station will enable astronauts to stay in space for up to six months.

China will also help astronauts and payloads specialists from developing countries to enter into space, Wei said.

http://en.people.cn/...00-9226067.html


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:29 AM.

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#49 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 10 July 2017 - 08:31 PM

North Korea-Iranian space cooperation



╔═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╗
║                                          Comparative table of the two civilizations                                           ║
╠════════════════════════════════════════════╤═══════════════════════════════════════════╤══════════════════════════════════════╣
║             Geostrategic data              │                   DPRK                    │                 IRAN                 ║
╟────────────────────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║              Claimed history               │                5000 years                 │              7000 years              ║
╟────────────────────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║             Demographic weight             │ 73 millions (North 24.589 + South 48.861) │             79 millions              ║
╟────────────────────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║           Main natural resources           │                rare earth                 │             hydrocarbons             ║
╟────────────────────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║              Political system              │   Democratic People's Republic (Juche)    │       Islamic Republic (Shia)        ║
╟────────────────────────────────────────────┴───────────────────────────────────────────┴──────────────────────────────────────╢
║                                      Comparative space practices of the two space powers                                      ║
╟─────────────────────┬──────────────────────┬───────────────────────────────────────────┬──────────────────────────────────────╢
║                     │      Historical      │  Birth anniversary of leader Kim Il Sun   │      Islamic Revolution Victory      ║
║                     │ commemoration events │              Day of the Sun               │                                      ║
║                     ├──────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║ Comparative primary │         Date         │               15 April 1912               │            22 Bahman 1979            ║
║  launch window for  ├──────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║ the most important  │    Launch window     │             week of 15 April              │         week of 11 February          ║
║   space missions    ├──────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║                     │                      │            Kwangmyongsong-3#1:            │        Omid: first satellite         ║
║                     │    Most prominent    │          first working satellite          │  Navid: first observation satellite  ║
║                     │    space launches    │        first observation satellite        │ Fajr: first with cold gas propulsion ║
║                     │                      │      first SSO polar orbit satellite      │                                      ║
╟─────────────────────┴──────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║        Space launch order given by         │         Supreme leader of the WPK         │            IRI President             ║
╟────────────────────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║                                            │         General Satellite Control         │                                      ║
║  Space center open to foreign journalists  │            and Command Centre             │         Alborz Space Center          ║
║                                            │                 Pyongyang                 │           29 February 2012           ║
║                                            │             12-16 April 2012              │                                      ║
╟────────────────────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────────────╢
║          Satellite launch market           │      first announced March 22, 2012       │   first announced February 9, 2012   ║
╚════════════════════════════════════════════╧═══════════════════════════════════════════╧══════════════════════════════════════╝
http://www.iranmilit...ellite-in-april


resized_1939384_903.jpg
http://cdn.mashreghn...1939384_903.jpg
http://tehrannews.ir/شهید-طهرانی-مقدم،-پدر-موشکی-ایران/
▲ Shahid Hajj Hassan Tehrani Moghadam (second line - first from left) - Iranian military delegation to North Korea - Shahid Hajj Hassan Shafi Zadeh also seen in the photo.


resized_1939385_148.jpg
http://cdn.mashreghn...1939385_148.jpg
http://tehrannews.ir/شهید-طهرانی-مقدم،-پدر-موشکی-ایران/
▲ Shahid Hajj Hassan Tehrani Moghadam (first row - first right) - Iranian military delegation to North Korea - Shahid Hajj Hassan Shafi Zadeh also seen in the photo.


resized_1939386_283.jpg
http://cdn.mashreghn...1939386_283.jpg
http://tehrannews.ir/شهید-طهرانی-مقدم،-پدر-موشکی-ایران/
▲ Shahid Hajj Hassan Tehrani Moghadam (left) - Iranian military delegation to North Korea -- Shahid Hajj Hassan Shafi Zadeh also seen in the photo.


resized_1939441_353.jpg
http://cdn.mashreghn...1939441_353.jpg
http://tehrannews.ir/شهید-طهرانی-مقدم،-پدر-موشکی-ایران/
▲ Shahid Hajj Hassan Tehrani Moghadam - North Korean military mission to Iran


**6630106792535929739.jpg
https://img2.ph.126....92535929739.jpg
http://keaver.blog.1...20092232816839/
▲ From right to left: Safir-1, Simorgh-e-Tolou, Safir-1B, Unha-3, Unha-2, Paektusan-2 and Paektusan-1 LVs.




2017/07/17

Iran, which also learned missile technology from North Korea, announced on March 5, 2014 that "the Iranian Defense Ministry has equipped its Qadr H and Qiam ballistic missiles with its newly developed Multiple Reentry Vehicle (MRV) payloads, a military hi-tech owned only by a handful of the world states."
If North Korea, who taught it, had made a Hwasong-14 ICBM with triconic nuclear warhead, it would not claim the missile as a "new strategic weapon that the world does not have and can not imitate."

13921214000394_PhotoI.jpg
http://media.farsnew...0394_PhotoI.jpg
http://en.farsnews.c...=13921214000661
▲ Qadr H Ballistic Missiles, from North Korean technologies



http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=



page_article_mark.PNG

page_article_markEN.PNG

Apr. 2, Juche 105 (2016) Saturday

In the last period, some countries attempted to develop nuclear weapons, but finally yielded to the collective pressure of the 33.gif powers in collusion with them. Those countries did so because of lack of courage and will.

http://rodong.rep.kp...2016-04-02-0009

[**img]http://img.t.sinajs....umb.gif[/**img]
 

Iran Abandons Its Human Spaceflight Ambitions

May 31, 2017

According to Iranian news agency ILNA, Mohammad Homayoun Sadr, the deputy head of the Iran Space Agency (ISA), made the announcement citing the extremely steep cost of a human spaceflight programme that he estimated was somewhere between U.S.$15-20 billion over 15 years. This price-tag is onerous for a well-functioning large economy, never mind one that is laboring under international sanctions, endemic corruption, failing economic policies, and lack of reforms as is the case with Iran.

https://spacewatchme...ight-ambitions/


[**img]http://img.t.sinajs....umb.gif[/**img]

India as the only other most serious contender for the fourth place, also postponed its extravagant space ambitions with the new Modi administration.[**img]http://www.military....oor.gif[/**img]

The most coveted fourth place as a manned space faring nation is now within North Korea's grasp!North_Korea.gif


North Korean Kwangmyongsong LV (Unha-4) and the Iranian Safir-2A

611E620109880AB63EB3C99F79A4DD5CF2F1F39E
http://p0.ifengimg.c..._w863_h508.jpeg
http://wemedia.ifeng...1/wemedia.shtml
▲ North Korean Unha-3 in the Sohae SLC's rocket assembly building, April 2012



TWsafir-2assembly2017.1501535346.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501535346.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=7hfMvA7kN1U
▲ Image from video of Safir-2 in IKSLC's rocket assembly building, at T=0m15s to T=0m17s, Published on Jul 31, 2017



81956416-70507660.jpg
http://ifpnews.com/w...16-70507660.jpg
http://ifpnews.com/n...man-22-rallies/
▲ Safir-2 mockup as paraded in the streets of Tehran during Bahman 22 rallies (11 February) circa 2010, painted with original blue and white color scheme similar to the Safir-1.



2017080938471653.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....80938471653.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc2&section2=
http://gallery.milit...0211_115408.jpg
https://www.military.ir/forums/topic/21289-پیگیری-اخبار-مرتبط-با-پرتاب-ماهواره-طلوع-و-پرتاب/page-30#entry486663
▲ As announced, a new paintjob for the Safir-2 mockup as paraded in the streets of Tehran on 11 February 2016, previously blue and white, but this year newly assorted with the Korean orange and white vertical gantry at Sohae, and still dark green a year ago.



1118013054_14548564832441n.jpg
https://news.xinhuan...8564832441n.jpg
http://news.xinhuane..._1118013054.htm
▲ Vertical gantry of the Sohae Satellite Launch Center, previously dark green and repainted orange and white this year, used to launch the Kwagmyongsong-4 remote sensing satellite with a Kwangmyongsong (Unha-4) launcher on 7 February 2016.


[**img]http://img.t.sinajs....umb.gif[/**img]


Video of repainted Simorgh IRILV of Feb 11, 2016


▲ Iran Tehran 37th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution UCAV & Simorgh IRILV: http://www.youtube.c...h?v=nSPM5w03S0M

 

2016/09/26

Difference betwen the first stages of the North Korean Kwangmyongsong LV (Unha-4) and the Iranian Safir-2A


2016092630403694.png
https://www.jajusibo...92630403694.png
▲ Four Moksong-1 engines placed close to the center of the rocket stage, each sharing a common turbopump exhaust pipe with a lateral vernier, thus a total of four turbopump exhaust pipes, but verniers engines diverting fuel flow from the Moksong-1 engines and lowering their thrusts.




2016092631532303.png
https://www.jajusibo...92631532303.png
▲ Four Shahab-3 engines are placed at greater distance from the rocket stage's center, each feeded by its own turbopump and exhaust pipe. A fifth exhaust pipe for another turbopump solely dedicated to the 4 verniers near the center, thus allowing higher thrust from the Shahab-3 engines.




http://www.jajusibo....62&section=sc38



Huge difference betwen the launch stands of the North Korean Kwangmyongsong LV (Unha-4) and the Iranian Safir-2A (시모르그: Simorgh)
The sound of ignition of the Safir-1 and Unha-2/3/4 are similar, always starting with a short whistle-like tone then overtaken by a rain shower-like roar.
The sound of ignition of the Safir-2A differs from Safir-1 and Unha-2/3/4 maybe due to the launch stands difference, since the flame color indicates a similar Kerosen/RFNA propellants combination, sunset color very opaque dark yellow and dark orange at the nozzle's exit for the first ~2 meters or so, before turning noonday sun color yellowish white and never revealing any shock diamond.

sfyyxrpsy5jrr0p5vbfa.1501329736.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501329736.jpg
https://upload.tehra...5jrr0p5vbfa.jpg
http://forum.zeyroon.com/topic/737-گالری-تصاویر-ماهواره-بر-سفیر-2-سيمرغ/
▲ Unha-3-2 's flame color indicates a Kerosen/RFNA propellants combination, sunset color very opaque dark yellow and dark orange at the nozzle's exit for the first ~2 meters or so, before turning noonday sun color yellowish white and never revealing any shock diamond.



**Capture2B_2017-07-27-19-40-10.png
http://gallery.milit...27-19-40-10.png
http://www.military....تاب/?page=35
▲ Safir-2A's flame color indicates a similar Kerosen/RFNA propellants combination, sunset color very opaque dark yellow and dark orange at the nozzle's exit for the first ~2 meters or so, before turning noonday sun color yellowish white and never revealing any shock diamond.



**771A0049_1.JPG
http://gallery.milit.../771A0049_1.JPG
http://www.military....تاب/?page=35
▲ Safir-2A placed on a launch stand itself inside the flame exhaust pit (aka bucket) of IKSLC LC-2, below the launch pad surface, thus invisible from the outside viewers


F201204090049319951107414.jpg
http://world.people....19951107414.jpg
http://world.people....8/17599610.html
http://news.xinhuane...514165_101n.jpg
http://news.xinhuane...31514165_10.htm
▲ Unha-3 placed on a extra high launch ring (aka mobile launch stand), thus visible from afar.


201602081652013283_xhDzj3f15UA.jpg
http://www.kancc.org...xhDzj3f15UA.jpg
http://www.kancc.org...odong&wr_id=669
▲ Kwangmyongsong LV (Unha-4) placed on a extra high launch ring (aka mobile launch stand), thus visible from afar.


In addition, the movable vertical gantry of IKSLC LC-2 make it less vulnerable in case of an energetic event during the initial seconds of ignition-liftoff.

 

Safir-2 SLV's 2nd stage

April 12, 2012

Around two years ago an exhibition was held in Sharif university. One of the visitors of that exhibition wrote a good report about that exhibition and posted the photos of it too:

The engine of first stage of Safir SLV has been engine of a ballistic missile that Iran has reverse engineered it and has built different generations of it.

But he says unlike the engine of first stage , engine of second stage has been built by a engineering (designing) work not a reverse engineering work.

He says " This engine is built in "Space Research Institute". Before Iranians, scientists of Korea had tried to build this engine 7 times but each time after just 3 seconds the engine is exploded. Iranian young scientists try to build this engine 5 times and the engine works (burning time of engine) 150, 320 and 350 seconds in the last three times and finally the engine of second stage reaches to operational stage."

He says in Simorgh, this engines of second stage will be replaced with more thrust engines


Although it is said engines of second stage of Safir is based vernier engines of Russian R-27 missile, but difference of thrust of that engine and engines of Safir is very much so that it is possible to say engines of second stage of Safir isn't reverse engineering version of vernier engine of R-27, Thrust of vernier engine of R-27 is around 15 tons but thrust of each engine of second stage of Safir is around 3.5 tons.

http://forum.avastarco.com/forum/showthread.php?220-نمايشگاه-دستاوردهاي-صنعت-دفاعي-كشور&s=f76d3c5d71029a1ddbd99ee6b45c1770

http://web.archive.o...5615/#msg115615


Safir-2 SLV's 3rd stage: Saman-1 upper stage

TWsaman-12017.1501513109.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501513109.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=7hfMvA7kN1U
▲ Image from video of Saman-1 upper stage separation ground test at T=0m38s to T=0m39s



TWSafir-2payloadfairing2017.1501513136.j
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501513136.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=7hfMvA7kN1U
▲ Image from video of payload fairing separation ground test at T=0m39s to T=0m41s




TWSaman-1separation2017.1501513155.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1501513155.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=7hfMvA7kN1U
▲ Image from video of Saman-1 upper stage's stage 1 separation from stage 2 ground test at T=0m41s to T=0m44s



Video of Simorgh ground testing, Published on Jul 31, 2017


▲ Iran Simorgh SLV song قسمتی از آهنگ حماسه فضایی ماهواره بر سیمرغ: https://www.youtube....h?v=7hfMvA7kN1U
Video Published on Jul 31, 2017 showing:
Saman-1 upper stage separation ground test at T=0m38s to T=0m39s,
payload fairing separation ground test at T=0m39s to T=0m41s,
Saman-1 upper stage's stage 1 separation from stage 2 ground test at T=0m41s to T=0m44s

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:31 AM.

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#50 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted 10 July 2017 - 08:32 PM

Other international space cooperation


Recent example of Korean reverse engineering with the Soviet T-72 MBT

2017/06/14

The Soviet Union did not export the T-72 MBT to North Korea until its demise in 1991.
After the Gulf War of 1991, hundreds of T-72s and T-80s were left shattered in Iraq and the Kuwaiti desert. Among them, many were still usable tanks. Some of the North Koreans military personnels who arrived in Iraq and Kuwait under the pretext of helping in the post-war reconstruction effort, had a special mission to get rid of the full T-72 left in the desert. They found a suitable T-72 and transported it via sea secretly. Through this dramatic secret mission, a T-72 arrived at a North Korean armored tank factory.
This reverse engineered T-72 third-generation tank, is called the Chunma-92 MBT (천마-92). Further upgrades with the introduction of CNC machines, robots, and computers tools have produced the Chunma-98 MBT.
Finally, in the early 2000s, the last model of the third-generation Chunmaho Tank series, the Chunma-216 tank was developed.
From the middle of the 2000s, the Chunma series tank have been completely abandoned, with the development of the totally new Songun-915 series tank (선군-915).

a0109941_498aefebdd63f.jpg
http://thumbnail.egl...8aefebdd63f.jpg
http://egloos.zum.co...gaeto/v/6243398
▲ Iraqi army T-72M1 MBT of the Gulf War in nearly perfect state



a0109941_498aefec14464.jpg
http://thumbnail.egl...8aefec14464.jpg
http://egloos.zum.co...gaeto/v/6243398
▲ Abandoned wreckage of a M1A2 MBT that the US military intentionally destroyed at the beginning of the second Gulf War (Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003)



2017061450005618.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....61450005618.jpg
http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc3&section2=
▲ Chunma tank series of the DPRK, in the front row and from right to left: Chunma-92, Chunma-98, Chunma-214, Chunma-215, Chunma-216.



http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc3&section2=



2013, Dec. 08

Sarir ultra-heavy satellite-carrier is another space project due to be launched by March 2015 - March 2016.

The "Sepehr" should be available by 2015 or 2016. It is about 40m high, has a diameter of 3m. The first stage is equipped with new liquid fuel engines. The engines are bigger as the engines of the Safir and Simorgh. Each engine has about 50 tons of thrust. Combustion chamber, turbopump etc are unique, says the source. Further details are not known. However, it is developping a total thrust of 300 tons.

Conclusion: It is hard to believe that Iran has already the know-how to develop a new engine with about 50 tons of thrust, to bundle it to a cluster, add appropriate control engines, and to integrate it already by 2015 or 2016 in a functioning new rocket. Even North Korea has not this know-how. That can only mean that the technical requirements for such a propulsion already exist .........

Up to now all of the engines used in these countries, are always originated from the Soviet era. The advertised power of the new engines for example, corresponds to the RD-218 engines of the first stage of the R-16 ICBM, developed in OKB-586 Yangel.

http://www.b14643.de...ption/Frame.htm


Comment: This has already been debunked in various threads on other foreign dedicated space forums decades ago:

The Russian rockets scrap dealers


space-tourists-movie-poster-2009-1020547
http://images.moviep...-1020547621.jpg
▲ Meanwhile, a few hundred miles north from where Anousheh blasts off, a ragtag band of scrap-metal merchants set off in their trucks for the spot where the first stage of the rocket will fall back to earth, providing rich pickings from its valuable metals. These will eventually be sold to China, where they are likely to be converted into aluminium foil of the kind used to wrap sandwiches. The scrap dealers enthusiastically agree that nothing is quite like beshbarmak (Kazakh lamb stew) cooked in the open air - especially when the cooking pot is a retrieved rocket part. And several hundred miles further north again, where the next stage of the rocket falls into a more populous area, farmers use the junk to mend houses and make tools, oblivious to the potential chemical hazards.

http://www.space-tou..._Roddick_en.pdf

09.jpg
http://www.eurasiane...galleria/09.jpg

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http://www.eurasiane...lleria/07_0.jpg

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http://www.eurasiane...lleria/10_4.jpg

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http://www.eurasiane...galleria/12.jpg

d187d187d0bcd187.jpg?w=700&h=466
https://tokazakhstan...jpg?w=700&h=466


New Russian most advanced Sunkar and Proton-light rocket stages for free (first come first served basis only)!


Google translate:

Roskosmos leased territory of China

September 22, 2016, 00:00 | Science | Ivan Cheberko | write to authors


Vast areas in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region will be used as impact areas separated parts of the Proton-light and Sunkar rockets.

Roskosmos is planning to lease large areas in the People's Republic of China and use them as falling rockets zones.

c766fb52767883493b85f78dbaeb28b2.1490272
https://content.izve...78dbaeb28b2.gif


http://izvestia.ru/news/633759




7yrX4B.1490272253.jpg
http://ipic.su/7yrX4B.jpg


7yrX4J.1490272321.jpg
http://ipic.su/7yrX4B.jpg



https://twitter.com/...193478760714241


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:35 AM.

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#51 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:41 PM

Commercial space cooperation


Mar 22, 2012

A few more successful satellite liftoffs will enable the North Koreans to use its powerful Unha carrier rockets to launch low-cost satellite launch services available to any interested client in the developing and the Western world.

http://www.atimes.co...a/NC22Dg01.html


2016/09/21

Space development is a very promising future industry. If North Korea succeeds in the development of its geostationary satellite, this means that it would be able to launch GEO communication satellite and it can build its own GPS system.

Equatorial Guinea, a major oil producer in Africa, signed last June a contract with North Korea for 3.3 trillion won ($ 3 billion) for building a network. North Korea's communications network is known to use special technology that renders hacking by the United States simply impossible. Because of this, Equatorial Guinea had not hesitation in signing the contract with North Korea, and plans to extend the system to Africa. Equatorial Guinea is said to have a great influence in the African Union.

If North Korea secures its own communication satellites and exports those satellites to third world countries, it will be able to earn huge foreign currency. Former people's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya leader, Moammer El Gaddafi is also known to have been removed from power by the United States because of his geolocation done through wiretapping. Therefore, demand for communication satellites made in North Korea is not expected to be small.


http://www.jajusibo....555&section=sc3



Quantum Code Communications Satellite

Quantum Code Communications Technology Developed

[2017-03-24]

The scientists of Kim Il Sung University have succeeded in developing a quantum code communications technology, which makes it possible to open up a bright prospect for blocking various kinds of hacking and wiretapping from their sources by taking hold of its core technologies.

The quantum code communications device makes use of such main properties of the quantum world as uncertainty relation and superposition principle, the main principles of quantum physics, to detect wiretapping on the spot, makes new codes and thus disables the hacking to keys.

This cutting-edge code technology requires special knowledge of various sectors including the technologies of quantizing laser beams, splitting and synthesizing light, controlling signals of transceivers and creating and decoding keys, together with the knowledge about the main principles of quantum physics.

All the problems of this new device, ranging from the basic designing of quantum code transmitter and receiver and the designing and making of a control panel to the programs of creating and decoding quantum keys, have been solved by their indigenous efforts and technologies.

The scientists have designed and manufactured an optical circuit for realizing quantum code "BB84 Protocol", developed a technology of controlling polarization of a photon, realized the distribution of quantum keys and, based on them, established a perfect security communications system. The new device absolutely guarantees the safety of keys even in case of the advent of a quantum computer.

Its inaccuracy rate is only 3.5 %, which is lower than the international allowable error of 10 %. And it can code all communications concerning images, sound and documents.

The Korean-style development of the quantum code communications device in the limelight of the world has made a breakthrough in the work for turning the above-said technology to practical use on a high level.

3241.jpg
http://www.naenara.c.../03/24/3241.jpg
http://www.naenara.c...e/?goods 1 1312



http://www.naenara.c...e/?goods 1 1312


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:35 AM.

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#52 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:42 PM

North Korean aerospace people

charactersaf09df07b52494ca7eec2f30f94779

North Korean aerospace leaders

Ri Pyong Chol

Born in 1948, Ri Pyong Chol was partly educated in the Soviet Union.
Former top air force general.
Deputy director of the Workers' Party Munitions Industry Department.

2017-05-25T231917Z_1_LYNXMPED4O23G_RTROP
http://static.atimes...RIO-960x576.jpg
http://www.atimes.co...issile-program/
▲ North Korean leader Kim Jong Un overjoyed during the successful Hwasong-12 test launch with Ri Pyong Chol (second left), Kim Jong Sik (center) and Jang Chang Ha (second right). Photo: KCNA


Jang Chang Ha

Head of a weapons development and procurement center.
Under Jang Chang Ha's leadership, the academy has around 15,000 staff, including some 3,000 rocket scientists.

Jon Pyong Ho

Logistician.

O Kuk Ryol

Seems to have retired.

Jang Myong Jin (장명진, 張明進)


2012/APR/13

Jang Myong Jin, who is in charge of the Sohae Space Center, told reporters that he graduated from Kim Il Sun University in Physics and worked for Korea's space program for 20 years.

F201204090049311898023920.jpg
http://world.people....11898023920.jpg
http://world.people....8/17599602.html
▲ Jang Myong Jin, in charge of the Sohae Space Center.


http://scitech.peopl...B/17600896.html


North Korean aerospace scientists

A group of high-rise condominiums "Future scientist street" (Mirae Scientists street) built in the central part of Pyongyang.
Mirae Scientists Street, which is located by the side of Taedong River, is built with flats for thousands of families and more than 150 public catering outlets.
The condominium apartment room here is provided free of charge to scientists and their families, and furniture and other items are all free of charge, so that the family of scientists can enjoy living in that residence.
Furthermore, parades are organized to welcome scientists such as those involved in the experimental launch of the Hwasong 12, on May 14, 2017.
Scientists will always be given a high preferential treatment according to the state's directives.

20170531-k3-05-7.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...531-k3-05-7.jpg
http://livedoor.blog.../9/c9e83f26.jpg
http://yuumeijin-sho...-jon-shiku-2295
▲ A group of high-rise condominiums "Future scientist street" (Mirae Scientists street).



May 15, 2017

Newly developed residential area for scientists in the past few years, include Changgeon Street, Future Scientist Street, Galaxy Scientist Street, Satellite Scientist Housing Area, Yeonpung Scientist Recreation Area and also Munsu Water Park, Majyeong Stream Ski Resort, Mirim Equestrian Complex.

http://www.dprktoday...type=2&no=20283


KyodoNews Video, Published on Jan 13, 2016


▲ "Future scientist street" (Mirae Scientists street) "科学重視"強調の住宅やデパート 平壌の「未来科学者通り」 : https://www.youtube....h?v=A7YqaThmm98

Kim Jong Sik (김정식, 金正植: キムジョンシク: Kimu Jonshiku)

Kim Jong Sik started his career as a civilian aeronautics technician.
Veteran rocket scientist.


North Korea's aerospace genius

2017/5/23

In various missile tests, its appearance has been confirmed.

It is said that the age of the North Korean scientist is in the mid-50s.

However, the date of birth and career are unknown.

Although he is quite a mysterious person, the intelligence agencies of the US and south Korea think that Kim Jong Sik is the central figure who has made possible the breakthrough in North Korea's rocket technology.

In North Korea many contests are held in fields like mathematics and physics, and Kim Jong Sik has won the best awards many times, as his genius was already unmatched at the age of 10.

Then he enrolled at the Pyongyang Science University, and immediately after graduation he entered the Second Institute of Natural Sciences (the current National Defense Academy) and engaged in the development of rocket engines.

Furthermore, he was awarded the title of "Hero of the Republic", the highest honor in North Korea, for recognition of his achievements in rocketry development.

His genius was pivotal in the shift from liquid fuel to solid fuel rocket engines, such as seen in the Pukguksong-2 GLBM.

2017-05-23-11-crop-768x683.png
http://yuumeijin-sho...rop-768x683.png
http://yuumeijin-sho...-jon-shiku-2295
▲ Rocket scientist and genius Kim Jong Sik, on the right side, smiling and wearing eyeglasses.


http://yuumeijin-sho...-jon-shiku-2295


23 May 2017

The genius Kim Jong Sik is presented as the North Korean chief designer.

https://twitter.com/...994814662844416


Jiyo Suzu Hiroshi (住友清太郎: Sumitomo Kiyotarō; 徐錫洪: Jiyo Suzu Hiroshi / ソ・ソクホン: So Sokuhon, Xu Xi Hong; 서석홍: Seo Seok Hong/Suh Seok Hong?)


23 May 2017

The genius Kim Jong Sik is presented as the North Korean chief designer.

Reply:

There was also report that Jiyo Suzu Hiroshi (徐錫洪, 서석홍), a Korean born in Japan, and researcher with a doctorate from the University of Tokyo that is regarded as the authority of rocket engine development, and was involved in North Korea's "Kim Jong Motor Joint Venture Company", a rocket engine related company.
Sumitomo Kiyotarō (住友清太郎) is the Japanese name that Jiyo Suzu Hiroshi used.

Space engineering experts pointed out that he is also called the North Korean von Braun, Jiyo Suzu Hiroshi is said to have made achievements in North Korea comparable to von Braun's in the American missile development.
Jiyo Suzu Hiroshi graduated from the University of Tokyo Engineering department. After that, he joined the University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Technology and received a doctorate. He is an expert in the promotion organization and sometimes awarded the American Power Engineering Society Award.
However, there is no doubt that he was deeply involved in the development of the ballistic missile in the DPRK starting with the improvement of the Soviet Scud.
It was around 1976 that North Korea acquired two Scuds via Egypt and started improvement. Jiyo Suzu Hiroshi, born in 1970, is in his mid-40s. It seems that he was in a position to lead rocket development.

145864552616788925177_117009212315516217
http://userdisk.webr...12315516217.png
http://blog.livedoor...es/2116417.html
▲ Rocket scientist and "Korean von Braun", Sumitomo Kiyotarō.


https://twitter.com/...994814662844416
https://jinf.jp/weekly/archives/18303


Jiyo Bandō (徐判道: Jiyo Bandō, Xu Pan Dao; 서판도: Seo Pan Do )


2016/03/22

Jiyo Bandō is a Japanese scientist graduate from the University of Tokyo.
Industry Production Research Institute of Tokyo University, Work Examination Engine Expert
Vice president of North Korea's Kim Jong Motor Joint Venture Company (「金剛原動機」).
Jiyo Bandō also turned out to be visiting repeatedly North Korea, such as staying for a long time before the Unha-2's launch in April 2009. But with Jiyo Suzu Hiroshi, the two are involved in the North Korean rocket development.

http://s.webry.info/.../article_3.html


So Sang Guk

Scientist.

Korean Association of Science and Technology in Japan (在日本朝鮮人科学技術協会)


2013-03-15

North Korea has started the development of calculators since the 1980s, with the help of the Korean Association of Science and Technology in Japan (Kwahyop, 在日本朝鮮人科学技術協会).
Among the 1200 members, 300 have visited Pyongyang during vacation and provided their expertise in fields such as calculators, semiconductors, robotics, rocket engines, chemistry, biology and nuclear physics.
The most modern Western technologies in high thrust rocket engines have thus been transfered.

Machinery needed in the production of solid fuel for rocket have also been provided in 1994.

http://huanqiushixun...e/24386603.html


Japanese advanced defense technology transfered to North Korea

2017/05/14

Since the end of the 1950s, North Korea has acquired heavy chemical industry and electronic technology secretly from Japan, and Chongryon (Korean Association in Japan) has played a role as an intermediary.

In addition to technology, US-made weapons have also been brought.

At that time, the traction vehicles and other vehicles of the North Korean People's Army were almost all Japanese Nissan, Isuzu and Mitsubishi.
North Korea had CASIO fx series calculators, NEC PC-9801, MBC-555 and MZ-800. At that time, the Soviet Union and China said they had to go to Pyongyang to get Japanese computers.

Until the early 1980s, the basic reason why North Korea's science and technology and economy surpassed China and South Korea was also found here, and North Korea was the source of technology that the Soviet Union has not been able to develop by itself.

In fact, last year [in 2016], North Korea showed that its ultra-precision striking capability does not use any Russian radar.

Why did Japan so secretly help North Korea long before South Korea did?

According to sources, the period was when North Korea played the role of Japan's gateway to the continent. At that time, Japan seemed desperate for an easy access to China and the USSR.

In addition, most of the post WWII Japanese leaders at that time had tasted Kim Il Sung's unmatched guerrilla warfare, who had made 1 million Japanese Kwantung troops tremble in Manchuria during the 1930s, and they had experienced with World War II in the 1940s, and the following Korean War in the 1950s. Therefore, they regarded General Kim Il Sung as an invincible adversary leader and accepted almost all of Kim Il Sung's requests, while publicly kepping the secret.

Japan may have worried that if North Korea was to be completely occupied by the US and if the US was to take control of all Northeast Asia, it would move its military bases from Japan to the Korean peninsula.

If you occupy North Korea, you might say that the US would then make Japan to become a tributary state of the US like Hawaii. Just as Hawaii was a tributary state of the US, the majority of the Aborigines disappeared, just as American Indians were completely destroyed by European immigrants.

The leaders of Japan may have considerd Kim Il Sung as a person able to defend Northeast Asia from such an American world domination strategy.


It seems that this mighty North Korean military science and technology has been combined with the advanced technology of Japan as well as the science and technology of Russia and Eastern Europe that have been learned through foreign students.

http://www.jajusibo.....html?uid=33571


North Korean astronauts

Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space


February 23. 2016 Juche 105

DPRK Accedes to Space-related International Agreements

Pyongyang, February 23 (KCNA) -- The DPRK acceded to the agreement on the rescue of astronauts, the return of astronauts and the return of objects launched into outer space and the convention on international liability for damage caused by space objects on February 22, Juche 105 (2016), according to the decision of its government.

The agreement concluded on April 22, 1968 stipulates the issue of handing over to the launch nation any astronaut, space objects and their parts as they fall or are discovered in the territorial land and waters of a signatory country and open sea.

The convention concluded on March 29, 1972 undertakes a launch nation to make responsible compensation when space objects caused human or property losses on the earth surface or caused damage to a plane in flight.

The DPRK's accession to the agreement and the convention will further promote the international trust in space scientific researches and activities and make positive contributions to strengthening cooperation with other countries.


http://www.kcna.co.j...60223-17ee.html


Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies

19 December 1966.

Article V

States Parties to the Treaty shall regard astronauts as envoys of mankind in outer space and shall render to them all possible assistance in the event of accident, distress, or emergency landing on the territory of another State Party or on the high seas. When astronauts make such a landing, they shall be safely and promptly returned to the State of registry of their space vehicle.

In carrying on activities in outer space and on celestial bodies, the astronauts of one State Party shall render all possible assistance to the astronauts of other States Parties.

States Parties to the Treaty shall immediately inform the other States Parties to the Treaty or the Secretary-General of the United Nations of any phenomena they discover in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, which could constitute a danger to the life or health of astronauts.

http://www.unoosa.or...etreaty.html#a5


e0c1b18ffb60cd552d8e1dc8877a0b04d8a760e5

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:34 AM.

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#53 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:43 PM

North Korean satellites already launched


╔════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╗
║                                                       History of North Korean satellite launches                                                       ║
╠═════════════╦═════════════╦═════════════════════╦═════════╦════════════════╦══════════╦═════════════╦═════════╦═════════╦═══════════════════╦══════════╣
║ Launch date ║    Time     ║                     ║ Launch  ║                ║  Nodal   ║             ║ Apogee  ║ Perigee ║ General function  ║          ║
║ (Pyongyang) ║ (Pyongyang) ║ National designator ║  site   ║ Launch vehicle ║  period  ║ Inclination ║  (km)   ║  (km)   ║      of the       ║  Status  ║
║             ║             ║                     ║         ║                ║          ║             ║         ║         ║   space object    ║          ║
╠═════════════╬═════════════╬═════════════════════╬═════════╬════════════════╬══════════╬═════════════╬═════════╬═════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╣
║ 31 AUG 1998 ║    12:07    ║  Kwangmyongsong-1   ║ Tonghae ║  Paektusan-1   ║ 165m 6s  ║    40.2°    ║ 6,978.2 ║ 218.82  ║  test technology  ║  failed  ║
║             ║             ║                     ║  LC-1   ║                ║          ║             ║         ║         ║                   ║          ║
╠═════════════╬═════════════╬═════════════════════╬═════════╬════════════════╬══════════╬═════════════╬═════════╬═════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╣
║ 5 JUL 2006  ║    05:01    ║ Kwangmyongsong-2#1  ║ Tonghae ║     Unha-1     ║          ║             ║         ║         ║                   ║  failed  ║
║             ║             ║                     ║  LC-2   ║                ║          ║             ║         ║         ║                   ║          ║
╠═════════════╬═════════════╬═════════════════════╬═════════╬════════════════╬══════════╬═════════════╬═════════╬═════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╣
║ 5 APR 2009  ║    11:20    ║ Kwangmyongsong-2#2  ║ Tonghae ║     Unha-2     ║ 104m 12s ║    40.6°    ║  1,426  ║  490.6  ║       test        ║  failed  ║
║             ║             ║                     ║  LC-2   ║                ║          ║             ║         ║         ║ telecommunication ║          ║
╠═════════════╬═════════════╬═════════════════════╬═════════╬════════════════╬══════════╬═════════════╬═════════╬═════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╣
║ 13 APR 2012 ║   7:38:55   ║ Kwangmyongsong-3#1  ║  Sohae  ║     Unha-3     ║          ║    97°.4    ║   500   ║   500   ║ Earth observation ║  failed  ║
║             ║             ║                     ║  LC-1   ║                ║          ║             ║         ║         ║                   ║          ║
╠═════════════╬═════════════╬═════════════════════╬═════════╬════════════════╬══════════╬═════════════╬═════════╬═════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╣
║ 12 DEC 2012 ║  09:49:46   ║ Kwangmyongsong-3#2  ║  Sohae  ║     Unha-3     ║ 95m 29s  ║    97.2°    ║ 584.18  ║  499.7  ║ Earth observation ║ In orbit ║
║             ║             ║                     ║  LC-1   ║                ║          ║             ║         ║         ║                   ║          ║
╠═════════════╬═════════════╬═════════════════════╬═════════╬════════════════╬══════════╬═════════════╬═════════╬═════════╬═══════════════════╬══════════╣
║ 7 FEB 2016  ║    09:00    ║  Kwangmyongsong-4   ║  Sohae  ║ Kwangmyongsong ║ 94m 24s  ║    97.4°    ║   500   ║  494.6  ║ Earth observation ║ In orbit ║
║             ║             ║                     ║  LC-1   ║    (Unha-4)    ║          ║             ║         ║         ║                   ║          ║
╚═════════════╩═════════════╩═════════════════════╩═════════╩════════════════╩══════════╩═════════════╩═════════╩═════════╩═══════════════════╩══════════╝
http://liuqiankktt.b...20161902943664/


2016021548259070.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21548259070.jpg
http://www.jajusibo.....html?uid=25927
▲ Orbital parameters of the Kwangmyongsong series satellites: Satellite, Perigee, Apogee, Nodal period, Mean motion

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:36 AM.

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#54 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:44 PM

Kwangmyongsong-1 (광명성 1호, 光明星一號: Shining Star-1) Part1


Glossary

Mar 22, 2012

Kwangmyongsong (Korean for guiding light or Polar Star) refers to the late Kim Jong Il. The name was given by the members of the anti-Japanese guerrilla army when he was born at a secret camp on snow-covered Mt Paektu, expressing their desire that he would grow into a Korean "King David".

http://www.atimes.co...a/NC22Dg01.html


Glossary

Posted 17th February 2016

AN ODE TO COMRADE KIM JONG IL COMPOSED BY PRESIDENT KIM IL SUNG ON THE OCCASION OF HIS 50TH BIRTHDAY
February 16, 1992


白 頭 山 頂 正 日 峰
小 白 水 河 碧 溪 流
光 明 星 誕 五 十 週
皆 贊 文 武 忠 孝 備
萬 民 称 頌 齊 同 心
歡 呼 聲 高 震 天 地

Jong Il Peak rises high on Mt. Paektu
The blue waters of the Sobaek meanders;
Here, 50 years ago, the Shining Star was born
A master with pen and sword, loyal and dutiful.
He commands respect and praise from all.
And the cheers for him rock heaven and earth.

http://onecoreanetwo...l-composed.html


Background


First satellite launch proposed for April 1992

2017/06/14

In April 1992, North Korea mulled two events for the festivities. The first one was a large scale military parade and the second one was a satellite launch. However, President Kim Il Sung said that the proposed launch of a satellite was untimely and had no significance. So the launch was postponed until August 1998.

http://jajusibo.com/...n=sc3&section2=



A Brief History of the DPRK's Space Program:

The DPRK's space program began in the 1980's with the creation of the Korean Committee for Space Technology (KCST). In the 1990s, North Korean scientists developed an experimental satellite, Kwangmyongsong-1 or "Bright Star" or "Shining Star."

According to the DPRK's Kim Jong Il Biography 3, when the scientists developing KMS-1 were discouraged, the Chairman reminded them that the first Korean Chollima-brand tractor "had run backward on its trial drive." Encouraged, the scientists "drew fresh designs and compiled technical data within a year," something which would have taken "five years to be completed in ordinary times" and within two years had completed KMS-1's launch vehicle.
...
The DPRK-produced biography of Kim Jong Il, The Great Man, in discussing the development of KMS-1 and 2, even admitted that the fact that the DPRK had launched a satellite at all "can be said to be a miraculous event."

http://www.youngpion...a-space-program



Numerological Analysis by Master S☫heil from Sohae, DPRK.

Launch date (Pyongyang): 31 AUG (19)98

3+1+8=12 thus exceeding the lucky number of 9!

Strongly advised to Not Proceed with any space launch attempt on that Unlucky date!

ef4c39dcd17aefe2a1d2402a2ee4eb.png

Master S☫heil


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:40 AM.

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#55 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:45 PM

Kwangmyongsong-1 Part2

Launch


Pyongyang, September 8 (KCNA)

Scientists outline launch of artificial satellite

Academician, Prof. and Dr. Kwon Tong Hwa, Kim Il Sung order winner, labour hero and deputy to the Supreme People's Assembly, who was involved in the launch said that the DPRK has long since developed the science and technology of artificial satellites and laid its solid industrial foundation, not boasting of it. He explained the background of the launch of the satellite: Under the wise guidance of General Secretary Kim Jong Il, the DPRK has developed a multi-stage rocket capable of carrying an artificial satellite already in the 1980s and made remarkable successes in researches into satellites as well. When he was alive, the President Kim Il Sung said that it was high time for the DPRK to launch an artificial satellite. All preparations for the launch had been completed in Korea already at the beginning of the 1990s. As instructed by Kim Jong Il, the first artificial satellite was launched to significantly adorn the first session of the 10th Supreme People's Assembly and the 50th anniversary of the founding of the DPRK.
...
Candidate academician, Prof. and Dr. Han Hae Chol, Kim Haeng Gyong and other scientists, who were involved in the launch of the artificial satellite "Kwangmyongsong No. 1," referred to the purpose of the launch: First, it is to master the technology of putting a satellite correctly into orbit with a multi-stage carrier rocket. Second, it is to perfect the structural engineering design of a multi-stage carrier rocket and its control technology. Third, it is to study the circumstances of the space and verify if electronic devices correctly operate in the space. Fourth, it is to complete the observation system of the carrier rocket and satellite. For this purpose, necessary observation devices were installed at the carrier rocket and satellite.
...
The scientists chose the sky above Tsugaru strait between Hokkaido and Honshu, Japan, as the trajectory of the recent artificial satellite launch. The carrier rocket was equipped with a device with which to lead the rocket to a safe area and explode it in case the flying rocket is deviated from the expected trajectory.
...
A scientist Kim Haeng Gyong who had participated in the launch said the carrier rocket correctly flied along the theoretically expected trajectory and that all the apparatuses of the artificial satellite are working properly after it was put into orbit.
...
The artificial satellite moving along its own orbit sends them survey data, including temperature, pressure and conditions of power source, they said. The sketch map of the test launch of the carrier rocket of the artificial satellite shows where the carrier rocket was separated stage by stage and where the separated parts of the rocket dropped. It shows that the first stage was separated from the rocket 95 seconds after the launch, in the air 35.9 kilometres high and 19.5 kilometres off the launching station, that the second stage separated itself from the rocket in 266 seconds, in the air 204 kilometres high and 450.5 kilometres off the launching station and that the artificial satellite was put into orbit in 293 seconds, at the speed of 8,980 metres per second, in the air 239.2 kilometres high and 587.9 kilometres off the launching station. It also shows that the first stage separated from the rocket fell 253 kilometres off the launching station, that is 40 degrees 51 minutes north latitude 132 degrees 40 minutes east longitude and that the second stage fell 1,646 kilometres off the launching station, that is 40 degrees 13 minutes north latitude 149 degrees 07 minutes east longitude.

http://www.kcna.co.j...9/news09/08.htm


Pyongyang, September 8 (KCNA)

"Kwangmyongsong No. 1" revolves round earth

The first artificial satellite of the DPRK launched at Musudan-ri, Hwadae county, North Hamgyong Province, on August 31 is now revolving round the earth. The multi-stage carrier rocket and satellite launched by Korean scientists and technicians were developed with local strength, wisdom and technology 100 percent. Today's edition of Rodong Sinmun carries an interview with scientists and technicians involved in the satellite launch and a sketch map of the carrier rocket launching test. The first and second rocket stages are made up of liquid rocket engines and the third stage an engine with highly efficient solid fuel. The control mechanism of the rocket is a product of advanced science and technology, including computers. The first stage was separated from the rocket 95 seconds after the launch and fell on the open waters of the East Sea of Korea 253 km off the launching station, that is 40 degrees 51 minutes north latitude 132 degrees 40 minutes east longitude. The second stage opened the capsule in 144 seconds, separated itself from the rocket in 266 seconds and fell on the open waters of the Pacific 1,646 km off from the launching station, that is 40 degrees 13 minutes north latitude 149 degrees 07 minutes east longitude. The third stage put the satellite into orbit 27 seconds after the separation of the second stage. The purpose and mission of the rocket were accomplished at the first launch.

http://www.kcna.co.j...9/news09/08.htm


October 22, 1999

On August 31, 1998, a North Korean rocket successfully put a small satellite into orbit around the earth, though its battery-powered radio transmitter was only in service for the first nine days.

http://oldsite.nauti.../9907G_Kim.html


2016/02/15

According to a press release issued by the National Aerospace Development Administration on February 7, 2016, the orbit inclination angle of Kwangmyongsong-1 and Kwangmyongsong-2 were 40.2 degrees and 40.6 degrees, respectively.

http://www.jajusibo....n=sc38



paektusan-1.1491081669.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1491081669.jpg
▲ Paektusan-1 first stage and second stage falling areas.



Mar 24, 2017


19th year ago, on Juche 87 (1998), August 31, at 12:07, the day of the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the nation launched its first ever man-made test satellite. It was launched heading a 86 ° direction and entered a Low Earth orbit exactly after 4 minutes 53 seconds.

1e44ae5ab365839e7b77ce01b66881e6.jpg?ima
http://cms-bucket.no...thumbnail=550x0
http://news.163.com/....html#sns_weibo



http://www.dprktoday...type=2&no=19018


ff223a95bf0368eab601a4374c854ad2.jpg
http://www.ilbe.com/7478791097
http://i1.daumcdn.ne...75535E65E13C02D
http://nktoday.tistory.com/m/post/1525
▲ North Korea's first unsuccessful experimental satellite Kwangmyongsong-1 launched in August 1998.



20160922-k3-01-1.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...922-k3-01-1.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...type=2&no=14458
▲ August 1998 Paektusan-1 launch.


KCNA Video Published on Mar 16, 2012

Note, include footage of Kwangmyongsong-1 and 2.


▲ Científicos coreanos se entrevistan con la Agencia Central de Noticias Coreana: https://www.youtube....h?v=RLcGtm6gPOc


Controversy


Apr 5, 2012

As a matter of course, the second-term Clinton administration initially condemned the August 31, 1998, satellite launch as a ballistic missile test in disguise. However, it went out of its way two weeks later to retract its initial assessment, calling it "a satellite".
...
On September 4, an anonymous US intelligence officer told Reuters, "We have seen that report and we are still evaluating the data connected with the launch and we cannot at this point rule out that an object was placed in orbit." The Reuters news story was headlined, "US Can't Rule Out N Korea Launched Satellite.
...
Ten days later, September 14, the State Department courageously backed away from its initial assessments and acknowledged that the object launched by North Korea in the western Pacific two weeks earlier was a satellite and not a missile.
State Department spokesman James P Rubin told AP, "The object launched by North Korea in the western Pacific two weeks ago was a satellite and not a missile."


http://www.atimes.co...a/ND05Dg02.html


[2016-09-13, 18:15]

The separation of the first and second stages was successful at that time.
The third-stage engine seemed to have exploded just about two seconds before the satellites entered the orbit, and the debris, along with launcher, was scattered about 4000 kilometers from the launch site.
...
According to a detailed analysis of the rocket launch from the Japanese "Defense White Paper" in 1999, a small object from the third stage was able to fly for a while but could not enter orbit.

http://www.chogabje....X=68368&C_CC=AZ


Commemoration philatelic souvenir

1-138.JPG
http://www.luckystam...ges/D/1-138.JPG
http://www.luckystam...-No.-3890C.html
▲ North Korea Stamp 1998 Launch of First Artificial Earth Satellite



stamp27.jpg
http://js-tours.jp/w.../12/stamp27.jpg
http://js-tours.jp/archives/1115
▲ North Korea Stamp 1998 Launch of First Artificial Earth Satellite

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:40 AM.

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#56 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:46 PM

Kwangmyongsong-2#1

Numerological Analysis by Master S☫heil from Sohae, DPRK.

Launch date (Pyongyang): 5 JUL (20)06

5+7=12 thus exceeding the lucky number of 9!

Strongly advised to Not Proceed with any space launch attempt on that Unlucky date!

ef4c39dcd17aefe2a1d2402a2ee4eb.png

Master S☫heil


Launch

11 July 2006

Just 42 seconds after its 5 July launch, the rocket plunged into the Sea of Japan, according to US, South Korean and Japanese intelligence.
...
"It's very hard to get this far,"
The failure appeared to take place at the moment rocket designers call 'maximum q', when a rocket feels the greatest aerodynamic forces.
...
the first stage had probably not finished firing by the time of the crash
something fell from the rocket immediately after take-off.
...
He thinks that part of the final, third stage may have pulled loose when under maximum strain, and struck the body of the rocket.

That 'something' may have been a shroud covering a small satellite that the North Koreans intended to put into orbit, Vick says. Such a problem would be relatively easy to fix, he notes. "If the shroud is the problem, we could see another flight within a year or less."

Simple glitch

But other types of failure are just as likely, says McDowell. For example, the steering mechanisms might not have been strong enough to guide the rocket at maximum q, or a software or guidance glitch might have caused the crash. If the latter were true, he says: "They could fly it again in a few months."

McDowell adds that regardless of the specifics of the failure, the 42-second flight shows that the North Koreans are indeed skilled at rocketry. Most launch failures occur within the first few seconds after lift-off, he says. During the early days of the US programme, says McDowell, a 40-second flight would have been described as a 'partial success'.


http://www.nature.co...ws060710-5.html


Wednesday, July 5, 2006 Posted: 0403 GMT (1203 HKT)

The Taepodong-2 landed about 200 miles west of Japan in the Sea of Japan, a U.S. military source said.
'''
"It's very difficult technology. They very clearly have not mastered it," Jim Walsh, a national security analyst at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said. "Most estimates are they will not master it for another 10 years."

http://edition.cnn.c.../korea.missile/


Controversy

15 July 2006

Statement by the President of the Security Council

Expressing grave concern at the launch of ballistic missiles by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK)

http://www.mofa.go.j...olution1695.pdf


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:39 AM.

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#57 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:47 PM

Kwangmyongsong-2#2 Part1


Background


May 21, 2009

The launch was a scientific research experiment partly intended to serve as a firework display to celebrate the re-election of Kim Jong Il as the all-powerful National Defense Commission, partly to demonstrate that North Korea has joined the two elite clubs of nuclear powers and space powers, and partly to signal it will join a third elite club of economic tigers by 2012.

http://www.atimes.co...a/KE21Dg02.html


Aug 11, 2011

Kim Jong Un is credited with taking personal charge of the second satellite launch in 2009

http://www.atimes.co...a/MH11Dg01.html


Launch Preparations


February 24. 2009 Juche 98

Preparations for Launch of Experimental Communications Satellite in Full Gear

The preparations for launching experimental communications satellite Kwangmyongsong-2 by means of delivery rocket Unha-2 are now making brisk headway at Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground in Hwadae County, North Hamgyong Province.

http://www.kcna.co.j...09-02-24ee.html


Mar 12. 2009 Juche 98

KCNA Report on DPRK's Accession to International Space Treaty and Convention

Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
...
Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space.
...
"DPRK informed the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Maritime Organization and other international organizations of necessary information for the safe navigation of planes and ships according to relevant regulations as part of its preparations for launching Kwangmyongsong-2, an experimental communications satellite, by carrier rocket Unha-2"

www.kcna.co.jp/item/2009/200903/news12/20090312-11ee.html



537_d8c14f34_12b6_48f7_b626_091d2fb59fdb
http://mfiles.sohu.c...d2fb59fdb_0.jpg
http://news.sohu.com...263245390.shtml
▲ Unha-2 at Tonghae SLC LC-2, as captured by GeoEye-1 from space on 5 April 2009.



349104_972.jpg
http://cdn.tabnak.ir.../349104_972.jpg
http://www.tabnak.ir/fa/news/382897/موشکهای-دور-برد-کره-شمالی
▲ Unha-2 at Tonghae SLC LC-2, as captured by GeoEye-1 from space on 5 April 2009.


Notifications


INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION

12 March 2009

The due date and dangerous area coordinates for the launch of a satellite are as follows:

Date: 04 to 08 April 2009
Timing: 0200-0700(UTC) daily

Coordinates

Dangerous area No.1
40°41'40"N, 135°34'45"E
40°27'22"N, 138°30'40"E
40°16'34"N, 138°30'22"E
40°30'52"N, 135°34'26"E

Dangerous area No.2
34°35'42"N, 164°40'42"E
31°22'22"N, 172°18'36"E
29°55'53"N, 172°13'47"E
33°09'16"N, 164°35'42"E

20090331131955b439e.jpg
http://img2.cache.ne...131955b439e.jpg
▲ Unha-2 ground track



2009033113202419556.jpg
http://img2.cache.ne...13202419556.jpg
▲ Unha-2 ground track



2009033113203943af0.jpg
http://img1.cache.ne...13203943af0.jpg
▲ Unha-2 ground track



20090331132127c403f.jpg
http://img2.cache.ne...132127c403f.jpg
▲ Unha-2's first stage falling area



200903311321387a560.jpg
http://img1.cache.ne...1321387a560.jpg
▲ Unha-2's second stage falling area



http://r-windy.blog....00923112551295/


Unha-2andPaektusanfallingareas.149115127
http://ipic.su/img/i....1491151270.jpg
▲ Unha-2 falling areas of first stage and second stage, and Paektusan falling areas.





Numerological Analysis by Master S☫heil from Sohae, DPRK.

Launch date (Pyongyang): 5 APR (20)09

5+4=9 thus the lucky number of 9, and (20)09 making a double nine especially lucky combination.

Can safely proceed with any space launch attempt on that especially lucky date!

ef4c39dcd17aefe2a1d2402a2ee4eb.png

Master S☫heil


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:41 AM.

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#58 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:48 PM

Kwangmyongsong-2#2 Part2

Launch


April 5. 2009 Juche 98

KCNA on DPRK's Successful Launch of Satellite Kwangmyongsong-2

Pyongyang, April 5 (KCNA) -- Scientists and technicians of the DPRK have succeeded in putting satellite Kwangmyongsong-2, an experimental communications satellite, into orbit by means of carrier rocket Unha-2 under the state long-term plan for the development of outer space.

Unha-2, which was launched at the Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground in Hwadae County, North Hamgyong Province at 11:20 on April 5, Juche 98 (2009), accurately put Kwangmyongsong-2 into its orbit at 11:29:02, nine minutes and two seconds after its launch.

The satellite is going round the earth along its elliptic orbit at the angle of inclination of 40.6 degrees at 490 km perigee and 1,426 km apogee. Its cycle is 104 minutes and 12 seconds.

Mounted on the satellite are necessary measuring devices and communications apparatuses.

The satellite is going round on its routine orbit.

It is sending to the earth the melodies of the immortal revolutionary paeans "Song of General
Kim Il Sung" and "Song of General Kim Jong Il" and measured information at 470 MHz. By the use of the satellite the relay communications is now underway by UHF frequency band.

The satellite is of decisive significance in promoting the scientific researches into the peaceful use of outer space and solving scientific and technological problems for the launch of practical satellites in the future.

Carrier rocket Unha-2 has three stages.

http://www.kcna.co.j...09-04-05ee.html


KimJongUnvisitsnewSCC.1449458497.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1449458497.jpg
▲ Screen capture at t=171 seconds
From left to right: Kwangmyongsong-1, Kwangmyongsong-2, Kwangmyongsong-3



kor0904211149001-p1.jpg
https://blog-imgs-18...11149001-p1.jpg
http://strangemecha....ate-200904.html
▲ Published in 2009 by Japanese Sankei News, screen capture image of a Kwangmyongsong-2 satellite's model, as seen in the Kimilsungia Festival, from the Korean Central Television broadcasting on the April 16th afternoon.




Mar 24, 2017

On April 5, 2009, at 11:20 am, a test telecommunication satellite Kwangmyongsong-2 was launched on a Unha-2 rocket.
The satellite was injected into orbit after 9 minutes and 2 seconds and was able to send measurement data transmission and relay communication.


20170326-k1-02-2.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...326-k1-02-2.jpg
▲ Unha-2



20170326-k1-02-1.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...326-k1-02-1.jpg
▲ Unha-2


http://www.dprktoday...type=2&no=19066



537_0db5dbe8_3fc4_41ce_b549_2dc9de178296
http://i0.itc.cn/200...9de178296_0.jpg
http://news.sohu.com...263245390.shtml
▲ Unha-2's contrail, after lift-off from Tonghae SLC LC-2, as captured by GeoEye-1 from space on 5 April 2009.



KCTV Video Uploaded on May 5, 2009

Note, include footage of Kwangmyongsong-1 and 2.


▲ Kwangmyongsong-2 Korean Central TV: https://www.youtube....h?v=c4mbfjMAAIU



Video published on Mar 24, 2012

Note, this is an edited version, with some scenes removed from the original footage! Animation sequences of the launch from the North Korean drama movie The Country I Saw - Part 3 (2009) (start at t=1h16m09s) ( 내가 본 나라 3 (2009): start at t=1h19m16s, 我所见的国家 3) by Ko Hak Rim and Pak Jong Ju.


▲ 은하2호발사: https://www.youtube....h?v=tAEVuuVKMHQ



Controversy


May 7. 2009 Juche 98

Pyongyang, May 7. 2009 Juche 98 (KCNA) -- A spokesman for the Korean Committee of Space Technology issued a statement on Thursday, one month after satellite Kwangmyongsong-2 started its normal operation after being put into orbit.

The observation by the satellite and a control test were normally conducted despite the unidentified strong jamming done in the above-said communications frequency band, in particular.

http://www.kcna.co.j...09-05-07ee.html


April 15, 2009

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the international agency in charge of radio frequency allocation for satellites, dismissed North Korea's claim to have put a communications satellite into orbit

http://apjjf.org/-Ga...21/article.html



April 15, 2009

Security Council Condemnation of North Korean "UFO"

Notably, the Council nowhere spelled out what North Korea might have launched, for the simple reason that its members could not agree: some thought missile, some thought satellite. Unable to agree on a noun, it therefore compromised with the verb "launch." The Council's strong and peremptory diplomatic language - "condemns," "demands," etc was therefore oddly out of kilter with its inability to decide what it was condemning. Essentially it was saying North Korea was not to launch any more unidentified flying objects, or "UFOs." "Whatever it was you launched," said the Security Council in effect, "you should not have and you must not do it again."

Statement by the President of the Security Council
http://www.mofa.go.j...c_state0904.pdf

http://apjjf.org/-Ga...21/article.html



Commemoration philatelic souvenir


9FF9AE3952ECD010DB7DED87A486DB0C.jpeg
http://img002.21cnim...87A486DB0C.jpeg
http://news.21cn.com.../26310963.shtml
▲ Unha-2 oil paint (sold)


6415_P_1469415065392.jpg
http://chaoyiguan.cn...69415065392.jpg
chaoyiguan.cn/goods.php?id=6415
▲ Original Unha-2 oil paint "Space Dream" (sold); 洪哲雄《飞天梦想》朝鲜油画, 2010


01947487.jpg
Larger image: http://s2.sinaimg.cn...6Dd4HlUOt61
http://blog.sina.com...e1010199zx.html
Original site: http://collection.ea...es/01947487.jpg
http://collection.ea...670/node564279/
▲ Plagiarized(?) Unha-2 oil paint "Space Dream" (for sale); 洪哲雄功勋艺术家《飞天梦想》2010年
Notice the incorrectly represented fairing nosecone!



All_Stamp_01-1.gif
http://web.archive.o..._Stamp_01-1.gif
http://web.archive.o...ellite-in-april
▲ Stamp with Unha-2, Kwangmyongsong-2, Kwangmyongsong-1.



stamp14.jpg
http://js-tours.jp/w.../12/stamp14.jpg
http://js-tours.jp/archives/1115
▲ Pyongyang, August 5 (KCNA) -- The Democratic People's Republic of Korea has brought out a postage stamp (souvenir sheet) to commemorate the successful launch of artificial satellite Kwangmyongsong No. 2.




20160408_3582.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...160408_3582.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...ype=108&page=22
▲ 2011 Stamp Magnesium Borate Mg3(BO3)2 with Unha-2


20160407_3494.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...160407_3494.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...type=108&page=8
▲ 2015 Stamp with Kwangmyongsong-2



Monument to the merits of 14 stalwart fighters


Kim Jong Un Inspects KPA Air and Anti-Air Force Unit 447

2014.05.14

Pyongyang, May 14 (KCNA) -- Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK, inspected KPA Air and Anti-Air Force Unit 447 honored with the title of O Jung Hup-led 7th Regiment.

"Whenever I visit the airfield where airmen are active, I feel as if I were entering the yard of my old home," he added.

He highly praised the unit, saying the unit which produced 14 human bomb-like fighters is the unit which gave origin to the heroic, self-sacrificing and self-blasting spirit of the brave red hawks of Songun Korea.

he praised the unit for maintaining with good care the plane and always keeping it fully ready to make sortie and thereby letting it take the lead in flight drills at all times.

It is necessary to intensify training in order to shed less blood in battle, he noted, calling upon airmen to intensify the training so that they may satisfactorily perform combat flight mission including take- off and landing under the worst conditions.
He said that airmen should make it part of their life and habit to undergo training with the help of modern piloting training equipment while flying aircraft a lot and thus make the unit intensify the training

kcna.kp


Kim Jong Un Plants Trees with KPA Pilots

March 3. 2015 Juche 104

Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and first chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission, Monday visited Unit 447 of the KPA Air and Anti-Air Force honored with the title of O Jung Hup-led 7th Regiment and planted trees with fighter pilots of the unit.


On the same day, he went round a monument to the merits of 14 stalwart fighters, who displayed the suicidal-attack spirit, at the unit. This monument was built, under the deep care of the Supreme Commander, to convey the heroic feats performed by the 14 fighter pilots in the operation to ensure the successful launch of satellite Kwangmyongsong-2.

http://www.kcna.co.j...50303-01ee.html


2015/03/03

Citing North Korea's earlier news reports, South Korean officials said that at least one of the 14 airmen was killed due to a jet crash on the eve of the rocket launch.

"It's presumed that a pilot was killed as a MiG-23 fighter jet crashed into the waters near the launch site in Tonghae while conducting a patrol flight against a possible attempt to intercept the rocket," a unification ministry official told reporters on background.

The pilot received a posthumous medal and 13 others were awarded watches with the name of Kim Jong Il, he added.

http://english.yonha...3002151315.html


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:42 AM.

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#59 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:49 PM

Kwangmyongsong-3#1 Part1

Background


Jun 12, 2009

... plans of the Kim Jong Il administration for economic prosperity by 2012 - the centenary of the birth of founding father Kim Il Sung - in a bid to complete its membership of the three elite clubs of nuclear, space and economic powers.

http://www.atimes.co...a/KF12Dg01.html


100th birth anniversary of leader Kim Il Sung

Wernher von Braun was born in Wirsitz, today in Poland, only 24 days before the DPRK's founder and leader, Kim Il Sung, on 23 March 1912.

Affiliated with the German Nazi party, and himself promoted SS officer, von Braun served his national socialist masters and worked for the German war effort designing the Aggregat ballistic missiles.

Soon after Germany's unconditional surrender of May 1945, von Braun would lead the surrender of his entire team only to serve his new American captors.

The Germans' collaboration would be pivotal for the new hegemonic U.S. war machine, by developing the world first satellite carriers in less than a year after von Braun's arrival on 20 September 1945 in Fort Strong, Boston.

The April 2012 launch of Kwangmyongsong-3 is meant to celebrate the 100th birth anniversary of leader Kim Il Sung, greatest and indomitable anti fascist guerilla commander, while totally keeping in the shadow his predecessor's, eternal lackey of the militarists and stooge of the imperialist puppet masters.


ss-dcae24d52a9e1896011702331875038091bbb
http://www.devgru-p....0x1080_orig.jpg
http://www.devgru-p....-stay-dprk.html
▲ The centenary of the birth of founding father Kim Il Sung - in a bid to complete its membership of the three elite clubs of nuclear, space and economic powers by 2012.



10.jpg
http://www.naenara.c...10/10109/10.jpg
http://www.naenara.c...109 10 english
▲ "Guerrilla warfare is a method of armed struggle which will enable us to deal heavy political and military blows to the enemy while preserving our own forces, and to defeat the numerically or technically superior enemy even with small forces." - Kim Il Sung, Mingyuegou, Yanji County, December 16, 1931



wvb_personen_24_gr.jpg
https://www.zum.de/F...sonen_24_gr.jpg
https://www.zum.de/F...personen_24.htm
▲ Auf einem Bild mit Hitler: Des Führers Raketenspezialist Wernher von Braun (5. Reihe Mitte) und sein militärischer Förderer Walter Dornberger (2. Reihe rechts), damals Oberst im Heereswaffenamt. Die Aufnahme entstand am 23. März 1939 auf dem Artillerieschießplatz Kummerdorf bei Berlin - Ort der Versuche mit dem ersten einer Reihe immer leistungsfähigerer Vorläufermodelle der V2. Damals war Wernher von Braun bereits Mitglied der NSDAP. Ein Jahr später trat er auch der SS bei.
Wernher von Braun and his team on 23 March 1939, posing with Adolf Hitler in Berlin.


peene_team_f_usa.jpg
https://airscapemag...._fort_bliss.jpg
https://airscapemag....e-of-invention/
https://www.zum.de/F...nslauf/usa1.htm
▲ 1946 picture: Same team, same wars for world total domination, new masters, New Mexico.


http://www.iranmilit...ellite-in-april


Aug 11, 2011

Pyongyang also plans to follow up on next year's achievement by joining the ranks of the "most advanced" countries by 2020.

http://www.atimes.co...a/MH11Dg01.html



Preannouncement



[2012-3-17 13:02:54]

此次发射实用型卫星在三年前的2009年4月发射光明星二号之际就已预告过
The launch of an Application Satellite was first announced three years ago in April 2009, during the launch of Kwangmyongsong-2.

在这一过程中于1998年8月发射了首颗试验卫星光明星一号,并在此后十年研究成果的基础上发射了光明星二号卫星,按计划完成国家宇宙开发展望计划的第一阶段目标。
The First Phase of the Korean space program included the launch of a first experimental satellite Kwangmyongsong-1 in August 1998 and ten years later of a second experimental telecommunication satellite Kwangmyongsong-2 in 2009.

在达成计划第一阶段后的目标将是发射国家经济发展所必须的用于通讯、资源探测、气象预报等领域的实用型卫星并使其正常运行。
The Next Phase of the Korean space program includes launching telecommunication, teledetection/ressource and meteorological satellites.

Source: Choson Sinbo

http://dprk.blog.hex...73822237_d.html


DPRK 'told U.S. about plan on Dec. 15'

Kyoko Yamaguchi / Yomiuri Shimbun Correspondent (Mar. 26, 2012)

WASHINGTON--A senior North Korean government official informed the United States before the death of Kim Jong Il was announced in December of its plan to launch a satellite, according to a former senior U.S. government official.

In an article for a U.S. research institute, Evans Revere, who served as acting assistant secretary of state under the administration of President George W. Bush, wrote that the decision to carry out the launch is highly likely to have been made by the late North Korean leader.

Revere therefore hinted that the launch would be unavoidable, as "his son and successor was in no position to reverse that decision."

Revere met with the North Korean official on Dec. 15 and was told about the planned launch of what some people believed to be a missile.

The meeting is believed to have taken place in New York.


http://www.yomiuri.c...20325002891.htm


Mar 22, 2012

Kim Jong Un, has ordered the Korean Committee for Space Technology to invite a bevy of experienced foreign experts on space science and technology and journalists to observe the satellite liftoff at the country's ultra-modern satellite launch center.

There are two reasons for Kim Jong Un's decision: One is to provide the promised maximum transparency for the launch and the other is to add to the festive nature of the celebratory event. Obviously, there is nothing to conceal about the peaceful satellite launch,

http://www.atimes.co...a/NC22Dg01.html



Apr 5, 2012

the payload mounted on the Unha (Milky Way) rocket is a polar-orbiting observation satellite. It is designed to transmit important prospecting data on the underground resources of the Korean Peninsula, as well as weather and mapping data.

http://www.atimes.co...a/ND05Dg02.html


March 21, 2012

Space development can never be put in hands of specified nations.

Research into meteorology and hydrology badly needs a working satellite.

Thereby, we the meteorologists are greatly interested in the upcoming launch.



http://www.kcna.co.j...12-03-21ee.html



Pyongyang, March 26 (KCNA), 2012

Pang Sun Nyo, an office head of the Hydro-meteorological Service, told KCNA:

The Service is developing varieties of apparatuses conducive to the accurate and prompt weather forecast.

Among them is an advanced geostationary meteorological satellite data receiver. This helps put the weather observation on a more scientific basis.

The apparatuses also include updated automatic weather survey devices and aerological weather radar.

The Service has upgraded the data-receiving and numerical weather forecast system aimed to comprehensively use weather data from GTS run by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

The study of devastating weather phenomena such as torrential rain and drought has also been made.

In particular, Kwangmyongsong-3, a working satellite to be launched in April, will be greatly helpful to the study of weather forecast needed for agriculture and other economic fields.

The DPRK joined the WMO in Juche 64 (1975). -0-

http://www.kcna.kp.


March 28 (KCNA), 2012

Official of KCST Interviewed by KCNA

A: Kwangmyongsong-3 has video camera mounted on it and will send observation data including pictures to the General Satellite Control and Command Centre.
It weighs 100kg and will circle along the solar synchronous orbit at 500km high altitude. Its life is two years.

http://www.kcna.co.j...12-03-28ee.html


Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:43 AM.

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#60 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:50 PM

Kwangmyongsong-3#1 Part2


Launch Preparations


March 16. 2012 Juch 101

DPRK to Launch Application Satellite

The DPRK is to launch a working satellite, Kwangmyongsong-3, manufactured by itself with indigenous technology to mark the 100th birth anniversary of President Kim Il Sung.

A spokesman for the Korean Committee for Space Technology said this in a statement Friday.

After successfully launching two experimental satellites, DPRK scientists and technicians have steadily conducted scientific researches to develop and utilize working satellites indispensable for the country's economic development in line with the government's policy for space development and peaceful use.

Through the researches they have made a drastic progress in the field of space science and technology and laid solid material and technological foundations for working satellite launches and operation.

Kwangmyongsong-3, a polar-orbiting earth observation satellite, will be blasted off southward from the Sohae Satellite Launching Station in Cholsan County, North Phyongan Province between April 12 and 16, lifted by carrier rocket Unha-3.

A safe flight orbit has been chosen so that carrier rocket debris to be generated during the flight would not have any impact on neighboring countries.

The DPRK will strictly abide by relevant international regulations and usage concerning the launch of scientific and technological satellites for peaceful purposes and ensure maximum transparency, thereby contributing to promoting international trust and cooperation in the field of space scientific researches and satellite launches.

http://www.kcna.co.j...12-03-16ee.html



Notifications



ITU/IMO Launch Protocol

March 20 (chinanews)

North Korea reportedly informed on March 16, the ITU headquarters in Geneva of the satellite launch stating, "We will launch the earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-3 (Shining Star-3), some time between 7AM and 12AM within the 12th-16th time period of next month."

The satellite will broadcast remote data in the UHF band and video in the X-band, the ITU quoted the DPRK" notification as saying.

The UHF band runs from around 300MHz to 3GHz and has several chunks of frequency reserved for satellite use. It's commonly used by satellites to send data back to earth.

The X-band runs from around 7GHz to 12GHz and is most often used via satellite for military and government communications.

http://www.chinanews...0/3756365.shtml


NOTAM

ZKKP PYONGYANG (FIR)

A0028/12 - DETAILED INFORMATIONS ON THE LAUNCH OF
SATELLITE 'KWANGMYONGSONG-3'ARE AS FOLLOW:

1. LAUNCH SCHEDULE,
RESERVED DATE: 11-16 APRIL 2012
TIME : 2200NEXT 0300(UTC) DAILY

2. PLACE OF LAUNCH,
WEST SEA SATELLITE LAUNCH SITE IN CHOLSAN COUNTY,
NORTH PYONGAN PROVINCE

3. FALLING AREA COORDINATES,

FIRST STAGE FALLING AREA
351225N 1245223E
351213N 1243034E
355510N 1245025E
355520N 1243210E

SECOND STAGE FALLING AREA
150819N 1244615E
150935N 1234527E
192308N 1244513E
192432N 1235426E.

GND - GPA0CTAG.GPA, 11 APR 22:00 2012 UNTIL 16 APR 03:00 2012.

CREATED: 06 APR 05:30 2012


http://chizuru0916.b...category-3.html


Unha-3Unha-2andPaektusanfallingareas.149
http://ipic.su/img/i....1491151309.jpg
▲ Unha-3 falling areas of first stage and second stage, Unha-2 and Paektusan falling areas.

Edited by Soheil, 09 August 2017 - 04:43 AM.

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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: North Korea, NADA, space program, manned spaceflight, Paektusan, Unha, Kwangmyongsong, Sohae, Tonghae, Iran

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