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North Korean Space Program

North Korea NADA space program manned spaceflight Paektusan Unha Kwangmyongsong Sohae Tonghae Iran

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#61 Soheil

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Posted 16 July 2017 - 09:51 PM

Kwangmyongsong-4 Part2


Satellite launch imminent

September 23, 2015

This is North Korea's newly opened satellite control center.

CNN had been given an exclusive interview with the senior officials who run it, though the front door is as close as we're permitted to get.

Two senior directors of the National Aeronautical Development Association (NADA) tell us a launch is "imminent" and final preparations are underway to send rockets and "multiple satellites" into space.

Some international observers have speculated the satellite control center is actually a military facility, but its appearance, at least on the surface, suggests otherwise.

We're greeted by two of the program's top scientists dressed in smart, newly designed uniforms, a row of brass buttons down the front of their jackets, and a smart military cap.

Hyon Gwang Il is the director of scientific development at NADA, and Kim Gun Song is in charge of the Satellite Control Center.

We scientists here are working ... to develop in the shortest possible time, multi-functional, highly reliable Earth observation satellites.

They invite two other scientists to join the conversation.

150923112533-north-korea-space-raceimg-1

150923112556-north-korea-space-raceimg-1

150923112630-north-korea-space-racespace

150923112709-north-korea-space-racespace

150923112731-north-korea-space-racespace

150923112648-north-korea-space-racespace

150923151000-02-north-korea-space-race-k

150923151302-05-north-korea-space-race-k

http://edition.cnn.c...ripley-schwarz/


VIDEO


▲ N. Korea gives CNN rare look at satellite center: http://www.youtube.c...h?v=0jKm-5qJIME




North Korea clears Sohae launchpad ahead of possible October launch

30 September 2015

Airbus Defence and Space imagery taken on 17 and 21 September show that the launch pad has been cleared of all construction materials, potentially for a Unha-3 launch to coincide with the 10 October celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Korean Worker's Party.

Between 27 August and 6 September a new large stage transporter was moved to the far end of the launch pad, 135 m from the gantry tower.

http://www.janes.com...grJsd4c.twitter




North Korea freight train en route to launch pad

2015/10/2

A freight train has begun moving in the direction of North Korea's Sohae Satellite Launching Station in Tongchang-ri, North Pyongan province.

The train, headed for North Korea's rocket launch pad was first spotted on Thursday, an unidentified source told Japanese newspaper Asahi Shimbun. Yonhap reported the contents of the freight train were unknown, but it was unlikely given the timing of transportation and the assembly required, a rocket launch could take place prior to Oct. 10, the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Workers' Party.

The confirmed train movement is the latest sign of activity since early September, when North Korea said that it plans to launch satellites. Since the announcement, the station where the rocket would be placed has shown little to no sign of activity.

The Asahi reported that while freight train movement was confirmed, the activity could be a decoy.

http://www.asahi.com...1510020026.html


N. Korea set for military parade for party anniversary, instead of rocket launch

2015/10/02

North Korea has reportedly ordered "the biggest-ever" military parade for this year's anniversary.

The military is also weighing the possibility of North Korea unveiling a new type of rocket.

Given that preparations for a rocket launch, such as fuel injection, usually take seven to 10 days, experts said it would be difficult for North Korea to launch a rocket before the anniversary.

http://english.yonha...003700315F.html


Launch possible within a week

02:56 28 January 2016

North Korea may be readying to fire a rocket from its northwestern launch site, a Japanese government source said Wednesday, citing satellite imagery analyses conducted over the past several days and cautioning that the launch could occur in about a week at the earliest.

http://english.kyodo.../01/394860.html


2016/01/28
North Korea has yet to declare no-sail zone
http://english.yonha...004700315F.html


29 Jan, 2016

Pyongyang may be preparing for no less than a space launch, US officials told the media, citing recently obtained satellite imagery of a site around the Sohae Satellite Launching Station and it may come sooner than later.
...
Recent movement of components and propellant could indicate that North Korea is considering a rocket launch in the near future, unnamed US officials told Reuters.
...
"The indications are that they are preparing for some kind of launch Could be for a satellite or a space vehicle there are a lot of guesses," the official said. "North Korea does this periodically they move things back and forth... There's nothing to indicate it is ballistic-missile related."

1485058627438860.jpg
http://www.backchina.../22/471770.html
http://www.japantime...-a-20160130.jpg
http://www.japantime...ponents-tested/


https://www.rt.com/n...-rocket-launch/


Commentary

Iran's space agency already announced it would launch its own version of the Unha called Safir-2 or Simorgh on the same day, on February 3rd. Coincidence? I think not! :lol:

S☫heil

Edited by Soheil, Yesterday, 10:37 AM.

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#62 Soheil

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Posted 21 July 2017 - 10:18 AM

Kwangmyongsong-4 Part3


Notifications



IMO and ITU

February 2, 2016

North Korea has begun informing international organizations of its intention to launch an earth observation satellite sometime between February 8 and 25.

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London said it had received notice of the launch and would be issuing an advisory to its members. Such notifications are commonplace for space launches or missile tests and serve as warnings to ships and aircraft to stay away from areas through which the rocket will fly or fall.

The launch notification named the satellite as "Kwangmyongsong," (광명성) which is the same name given to previous satellites that were built by the country.

The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) said it had also received a notification. The letter, which came through the DPRK's mission to the United Nations in New York, indicated the satellite would have a lifetime of 4 years.

Here's the notification to the IMO in Korean:

2016020300710_1.jpg

2016020300710_2.jpg

2016020300710_3.jpg

http://photo.chosun....6020300732.html


Here's the translations:

160202-imo-1.png
http://www.northkore...60202-imo-1.png


160202-imo-2-570x720.png
http://www.northkore...o-2-570x720.png


http://www.northkore...tellite-launch/


Launch notification reveals rocket drop zones

February 3, 2016

The launch notification sent on Tuesday by the DPRK to the International Maritime Organization warns of three areas that shipping should stay away from when the country conducts its planned satellite launch.

The launch is due to take place from Sohae satellite launch site sometime between February 8 and 25 between 7am and noon Pyongyang time. The three zones are the areas where the rocket's first stage, fairing and second stage will drop back to sea.

The first stage is the lower part of the rocket and provides the power for the first minute or so of its flight. Once the fuel is used up, this detaches and falls back to earth. At that point the second stage engines fire up to take the satellite closer to space.

The fairing is the protective cover that sits around the satellite during the first part of its journey. Once the rocket gets high enough, the fairing is no longer needed and that too is jettisoned. Finally, the second stage engine cuts out and the rest of the rocket falls back to earth.

If all has gone according to plan, the satellite has been delivered to the right spot and continues its journey in orbit.

Here are the three areas on a map with Sohae launch site indicated at the top of the picture.

CaSKDhvUUAAsJjw.jpg
https://pbs.twimg.co...DhvUUAAsJjw.jpg
http://aihua191.blog...01611063321885/
▲ Falling area of 1st stage, fairing and 2nd stage


The zones are close but not identical to those used in launches in 2012.

The first stage is expected to land in the sea off the west coast of South Korea. That gives the South Korean Navy the chance to recover the rocket and see what they can learn about improvements in North Korean rocket technology.

The fairing will fall in a larger area off the south west coast of South Korea, closer to Jeju Island. This drop zone might be larger because the fairing is less aerodynamic and so its fall is more difficult to predict.

**6598084615948736565.jpg
http://img0.ph.126.n...15948736565.jpg
http://liuqiankktt.b...20161902943664/
▲ April 2012 splash downs in green, 2016 in yellow; Top: first stages, Bottom: fairings.


And finally, the second stage rocket is expected to land in waters to the east of the Philippines. This is similar to a previous North Korean satellite launch and will disrupt air travel in the region.

**6631211801727173343.jpg
http://img0.ph.126.n...01727173343.jpg
http://liuqiankktt.b...20161902943664/
▲ Second stages: April 2012 splash downs in green, 2016 in yellow




CaOyOUOUUAAP-Kd.jpg
https://pbs.twimg.co...OUOUUAAP-Kd.jpg
https://pbs.twimg.co...OUOUUAAP-Kd.jpg
▲ Side view of first and second stages splash downs


https://www.northkor...ket-drop-zones/



Navigational Warnings

NAVAREA XI
NO.16-0068 Date:2016/02/03 01 UTC


YELLOW SEA, EAST CHINA SEA AND
NORTH PACIFIC, LUZON.
DANGEROUS TO NAVIGATION AREA DESIGNATED
DUE TO ROCKET CARRIER ELEMENTS FALL.
2230Z TO 0330Z COMMENCING DAILY 07 TO 25
FEB. AREA BOUNDED BY
A. 36-04N 124-30E 36-04N 124-54E
35-19N 124-54E 35-19N 124-30E.
B. 33-16N 124-11E 33-16N 125-09E
32-21N 125-08E 32-22N 124-11E.
C. 19-44N 123-53E 19-43N 124-51E
17-00N 124-48E 17-01N 123-52E.
CANCEL THIS MSG 250430Z FEB.

2yoq3ag.jpg
http://i68.tinypic.com/2yoq3ag.jpg
http://www1.kaiho.ml...212&tana=160068




http://www1.kaiho.ml...=160068&LANG=EG



Issued 3 Feb 2016 by Korean Civil Aviation Authority:
 

NOTAM

030946 RKRRYNYX
(A0170/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QRPCA/IV/NBO/W/000/999/ 3542N12442E030 A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330
D)2230-0330
E)TEMPO PROHIBITED AREA ACT DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK :
AREA BOUNDED BY 360400N1243000E-360400N1245400E -351900N1245400E- 351900N1243000E TO
THE BEGINNING.
RMK : MISSILE DEBRIS WILL FALL IN THIS AREA.
F)SFC G)UNL)

030946 RKRRYNYX
(A0171/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QRPCA/IV/NBO/W/000/999 /3249N12439E043
A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330
D)2230-0330
E)TEMPO PROHIBITED AREA ACT DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK:
AREABOUNDED BY 331600N1241100E-331600N1250900E -322100N1250800E- 322200N1241100E TO THE BEGINNING.
RMK : MISSILE DEBRIS WILL FALL IN THIS AREA.
F)SFC G)UNL)

030957 RKRRYNYX
(A0173/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QARLC/IV/NBO/E/000/999/ 3531N12425E103
A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330
D)2230-0330
E)ATS RTE Y655 CLSD DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK F)SFC G)UNL)


24237429354_a0acf988e3_c.jpg
https://c2.staticfli...0acf988e3_c.jpg
https://yinlei.org/x...cket-notam.html



https://yinlei.org/x...cket-notam.html


Issued Feb 2016 by Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines:
 

NOTAM

040803 RPLLYNYX
(B0521/16 NOTAMN Q)RPHI/QARLC/IV/NBO/E/000/999/ 1820N12512E207
A)RPHI B)1602072130 C)1602250400
D) 2130-0400
E) DUE TO SECOND STAGE OF NORTH KOREA ROCKET LAUCH WI THE
AREA BOUNDED BY 1944N12353E、1943N12451E、1700N12448E、1701N12352E THE FLW RTE SEGMENTS ARE CLSD:
1)M501 BTN OMDOB AND BEDIP
2)A590 BTN GURAG AND MUPOB
3)R597 BTN SKATE AND SARSI
4)A582 BTN BISIG AND SARSI
ALTN RTE:
- MEVIN B462 (INBOUND MANILA FIR)
- N884 LEBIX (OUTBOUND MANILA FIR)
- OTHER RTE SUBJECT TO ATC APPROVAL.)

24239234953_795ccec892_c.jpg
https://c2.staticfli...95ccec892_c.jpg
https://yinlei.org/x...cket-notam.html



https://yinlei.org/x...cket-notam.html



Issued 6 Feb 2016 by Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism:

24747926252_635a870813_c.jpg
https://c2.staticfli...35a870813_c.jpg
https://yinlei.org/x...cket-notam.html



 

February 3, 2016

A SK government source here said the likeliest date is former North Korean leader Kim Jong Il's birthday on Feb. 16.
...
The North announced the launch plan the very day when chief Chinese nuclear negotiator Wu Dawei was visiting Pyongyang.

http://english.chosu...6020300944.html


North Korean Holidays in February 2016


╔════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╗
║                                     North Korean Holidays in February 2016                                     ║
╠════════╦═════════╦════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╦════════════════╣
║ Feb 8  ║ Monday  ║             Chunjeol * / Spring Festival, Lunar New Year's Day             ║ Public Holiday ║
╠════════╬═════════╬════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬════════════════╣
║ Feb 16 ║ Tuesday ║   Kwangmyongsong day ** / Day of Shining Star, Birth date of Kim Jong Il   ║ Public Holiday ║
╠════════╬═════════╬════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╬════════════════╣
║ Feb 22 ║ Monday  ║ Cheongwoldaeboreum *** / The 15th of the first month by the lunar calendar ║ Public Holiday ║
╚════════╩═════════╩════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╩════════════════╝
*춘절, **광명성절, ***정월대보름
http://www.timeandda...ys/north-korea/



Numerological Analysis by Master S☫heil from Sohae, DPRK.

Launch date (Pyongyang): 7 FEB (20)16; Time (Pyongyang): 09:00

7+2=9 thus the lucky number of 9.
2+0+1+6=9 thus double lucky number of 9.
With the launch time of 0+9+0+0=9, triple nine is an especially lucky combination.

Can safely proceed with any space launch attempt on that very rare and especially lucky date, even suitable for achieving any immortal feat!

ef4c39dcd17aefe2a1d2402a2ee4eb.png

Master S☫heil


Edited by Soheil, Yesterday, 10:38 AM.

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#63 Soheil

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Posted 21 July 2017 - 10:19 AM

Kwangmyongsong-4 Part4

Launch


February 7. 2016 Juche 105

DPRK National Aerospace Development Administration Releases Report on Satellite Launch

Scientists and technicians of the DPRK National Aerospace Development Administration succeeded in putting the newly developed earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 into its orbit according to the 2016 plan of the 5-year program for national aerospace development.

Carrier rocket Kwangmyongsong blasted off from the Sohae Space Center in Cholsan County, North Phyongan Province at 09:00 on February 7, Juche 105(2016). The satellite entered its preset orbit at 09:09:46, 9 minutes and 46 seconds after the lift-off.

The satellite is going round the polar orbit at 494.6 km perigee altitude and 500 km apogee altitude at the angle of inclination of 97.4 degrees. Its cycle is 94 minutes and 24 seconds.

Installed in Kwangmyongsong-4 are measuring apparatuses and telecommunications apparatuses needed for observing the earth.

http://www.kcna.co.j...16-02-07ee.html



2016/09/26

satellite Kwangmyongsong-4, is estimated to weigh about 200kg.

http://www.jajusibo....62&section=sc38


2016/02/15


Control of the Kwangmyongsong-4 satellite

To compensate for the gravitational perturbation of the Sun and the Moon, and such as increased speed over the Himalayas and slower speed over the ocean's abysses, the General Satellite Control Center in Pyongyang corrects the Kwangmyongsong-4 satellite's attitude with its thruster.
 

February 2, 2016

According to a report of December 5, 2015, a star map was made by Korean's space scientists, necessary for a stable flight along a polar orbit in outer space

In addition, North Korean scientists and engineers have created a corrective device for the optical sensor,

http://changesk.blog.../blog-post.html


Improved LV performance

The smaller the eccentricity of the orbit, the higher the performance of the launcher, as demontrated by the 85 km altitude difference from an ideal circular orbit for Kwangmyongsong-3#2 and only 6 km for Kwangmyongsong-4.

2016021548259070.jpg

Since the size of the Kwangmyongsong-4's launcher has not changed, compared to the Unha-3-2, it means that the engines have improved.
Professor Sawaoka Akira noted that the first stage's burne time was 3 minutes shorter, because it burned the same volume of fuel faster than 3 years earlier.
Meaning that the thrust of the rocket engine might have been stronger.


Satellite's mass

South Koreans estimated the Kwangmyongsong-4 mass between 250 ~ 300kg and the launch vehicle's payload capability at 1,000kg

Satellite's optical ground resolution

Kwangmyongsong-4's resolution is 50cm


Why was the LV named Kwangmyongsong and not Unha-4?

On an earlier photo, the Unha-4 LV presents a white first stage.

In Korea, "Kwangmyongsong" symbolises Kim Jong Il. According to a commentary in the Korean history document, Kim Jong Un, the first chairman of the National Defense Commission, instructed to write "Kwangmyongsong" on the rocket with the specific red font.
The three letters "Kwangmyongsong" mean the successful completion of Kim Jong Il's space development project.

2016021538197842.jpg

Therefore the LV is still an Unha. But the performance of this launcher has improved compared to the previous Unha-3-2.


http://www.jajusibo....n=sc38


Lucky and Unlucky the Korea Way

November 27, 2013

Some of the most common superstitions in Korea

  • The number 4 is related to death.

    The equivalent to the western's unlucky number '13'. The number '4' is probably Asia's most unluckiest number as the Chinese world of that number is very similar to the word "death" [as they both pronounce "si"]. Hence it is tradition to avoid planning big events on the 4th day of the month or sometimes buildings have no 4th floors.
  • Red ink

    A long time ago the names of the deceased were written in red on registers, gravestones and plaques to ward off evil spirits,


https://seoulistic.c...lucky-in-korea/


Commentary


Notice the very unusual red font used to paint the three letters "Kwangmyongsong", seen for the first time on any North Korean launcher or poster.
Western origin is obvious: Old English Gothic font, close to England 1400's Old English Font 36 and England 1900's Old English Font 44 (http://www.callifont...ry/england.html).


New "gothic" font again seen on July 11, 2017, on the occasion of the "Banquet Given in Presence of Kim Jong Un to Celebrate the first Successful Test-launch of the Hwasong-14 ICBM", used to write "Intercontinental ballistic missile test firing success" (대륙간탄도로케트 험발사성공을) and "Rocket superpower" (로케트 맹주국) on the celebration great hall.


z3NQgCc.1500233974.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1500233974.jpg
https://www.youtube....h?v=-5eWIyncFBM
▲ New "gothic" font used to write "Intercontinental ballistic missile test firing success" (대륙간탄도로케트시험발사성공)



▲ 北朝鮮 「金正恩同志を招き弾道ロケット成功祝賀宴会 (김정은동지를 모시고 대륙간탄도로케트시험발사성공을 축하 연회) 」 KCTV 2017/07/11 日本と字幕付き : https://www.youtube....h?v=-5eWIyncFBM
New "gothic" font used to write "Intercontinental ballistic missile test firing success" (대륙간탄도로케트시험발사성공) at T=4m24s to T=4m28s and "Rocket superpower" (로케트 맹주국) at T=5m29s to T=5m33s


So what has Kim Jong Il to do with Goths?



April 03, 2012

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had difficulty adjusting to life at the international school in Switzerland where he was enrolled for two years in the 1990s.

Citing anonymous sources, the paper said Kim was absent for 75 days in his first year at the school in Bern, and for 105 days of the second year. One source, who said he was a classmate of Kim's, said the leader-in-waiting often came to school in the afternoon only and got poor grades.

Sources said Kim, who used the pseudonym Pak Un, got 3.5 points out of six in natural sciences, and barely passed math, social studies and German. Kim was initially placed in an advanced class but was moved down and only got the minimum grade needed to pass. But he got five points out of six in music and technical studies.

http://english.chosu...2040301242.html



2016-02-15

The South Korean military said it had identified the debris from the rocket "Kwangmyongsong-ho"

after searching the waters 105 to 137 kilometers west of Eocheong, and identified the wreckage at a depth of 85 meters on February 10.

It was a cylindrical oxidizer tank, with a length of more than 2m identified using a side scan sonar and an underwater unmanned surveyor Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)

The outside is white, with two Korean letters and seven Arabic numerals in blue. It is similar to 'ㅅㄱ1030303' written on the outside of the fairing collected on the day of launch of 'Kwangmyongsong-ho'.

North Korea had blown up the first stage propellant tank into 270 pieces, but the debris is quite bulky,

http://news.donga.co...0215/76442054/1



2016021101683_0.jpg
http://image.chosun....021101683_0.jpg
http://photo.chosun....6021101770.html
▲ Kwangmyongsong (Unha-4)


2016021535374364.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21535374364.jpg
http://www.jajusibo.....html?uid=25927
▲ Kwangmyongsong (Unha-4)



**6598192368088276037.jpg
http://img2.ph.126.n...68088276037.jpg
http://aihua191.blog...01611063321885/
▲ Kwangmyongsong (Unha-4)


20160310-k1-05-1.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...310-k1-05-1.jpg
http://www.dp9377
▲ Kwangmyongsong (Unha-4)


2016021553242457.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21553242457.jpg
http://www.jajusibo.....html?uid=25927
▲ Kwangmyongsong-4



2016021554349204.jpg
http://www.jajusibo....21554349204.jpg
http://www.jajusibo.....html?uid=25927
▲ Bottom: Kwangmyongsong-4


KCTV Video Published on Feb 10, 2016

Long video version of 37 mimutes. Lift-off starts at T=19m04s.


▲ 北朝鮮 「朝鮮記録映画 敬愛する金正恩同志の指導の下、地球観測衛星『光明星-4』号、成功裏に発射(광명성-4호 발사)」 KCTV 2016/02/11 KMS-4 Lift off: https://www.youtube....h?v=sy5Xx7pO7fE
Lift-off starts at T=19m04s

Edited by Soheil, Yesterday, 10:39 AM.

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#64 Soheil

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Posted 21 July 2017 - 10:19 AM

Kwangmyongsong-4 Part5

In Space

First TLE:

光明星-4
1 41332U 16009A   16038.14644914 -.00000078  00000-0  00000+0 0  9995
2 41332  97.5252  86.5353 0025077 338.8338 109.9351 15.27468129    16
KMS R/B
1 41333U 16009B   16038.14607882 -.00000088  00000-0  00000+0 0  9990
2 41333  97.5365  86.5377 0050434 335.5935 113.4545 15.32867593    19
http://liuqiankktt.b...20161902943664/


Ca14TgaVAAALB5k.1490805557.png
http://ipic.su/img/i....1490805557.png
https://twitter.com/...8874496/photo/1
▲ Kwangmyongsong-4 as photographed on 10 February 2016 from Japan. 北朝鮮の光明星4号(KMS4)の撮影成功 2016年02月10日 18:06:08 ぐるぐるうづまき@guruguruuzumaki



%E5%85%89%E6%98%8E%E6%98%9F%EF%BC%94%E5%
http://shonan-tenmon.weebly.com/uploads/2/6/4/8/26483332/光明星4号_160505.jpg
http://shonan-tenmon...1997826399.html
▲ Kwangmyongsong-4, as photographed on 4 May 2016, at 19:28:37 Japan Standard Time, AL106, f552mm, F5.2, EOS-6D, ISO6400, from a 1072km distance

 

North Koreas new satellite Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4 (KMS-4) is starting to make visible evening passes for NW Europe. Yesterday evening was very clear. Anticipating a faint object, I used the 2.8/180 mm Zeiss Sonnar lens on my Canon EOS 60D to image it. That lens captures faint objects but has the disadvantage of a small FOV (5x7 degrees).
KMS-4 showed up on two of the images, one of which I show here in two versions: color positive, and black-and-white negative (the faint trail stands out a bit better in the latter version).
For as far as I can tell over the short imaging arc (~6 seconds) there was no brightness variation. So the satellite is stable, or if it is tumbling it must be a very slow tumble.
I also imaged the UNHA-4 upper stage of the launch. The upper stage is brighter and is tumbling (they often do). As a result it is flashing with a nice periodicity of 2.39 seconds (see composite image, and also the diagram).




page_article_mark.PNG

page_article_markEN.PNG

Mar. 1, Juche 105 (2016) Tuesday

Russian Space Center Confirms Kwangmyongsong-4's Proper Operation


The National Space Monitoring Center under the air and space forces of the Russian Defense Ministry confirmed that the DPRK's earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 is now normally operating.
Andrei Kallyuta, chief of the center, said this in a program of Ruskaya Sluzhuba Novostei Broadcasting Service on Feb. 22.
He added that he could draw a conclusion that Kwangmyongsong-4 is a remote controlled earth observation satellite on the basis of the information about its orbit such as the analysis of revolution period, angle of inclination at which it was put into its orbit and altitude and in other words it is capable of performing its observation function and its devices are working.

Rodong News Team


http://rodong.rep.kp...2016-05-28-0004



page_article_mark.PNG

page_article_markEN.PNG

May. 28, Juche 105 (2016) Saturday

Satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 Officially Registered by UN




The DPRK presented the UN with a document for registering a satellite as a signatory to the "Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space" as it successfully launched its earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 on Feb. 7, Juche 105 (2016).

Recently the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs worked out UN official document ST/SG/SER.E/768, the one related to the register of Kwangmyongsong-4, and posted it separately on websites.

The register of the DPRK's satellite conducted after going through legal procedures according to relevant international laws has thus been rounded off.

The DPRK's earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong-4 launched according to the 2016 plan of the 5-year plan for national aerospace development is now going round the earth along its orbit.


Rodong News Team


http://rodong.rep.kp...2016-05-28-0004

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

ST/SG/SER.E/768

Information furnished in conformity with the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space


Note verbale dated 25 April 2016 from the Permanent Mission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the United Nations (Vienna) addressed to the Secretary-General

Remarks: Registration information for KWANGMYONGSONG 4.

Files

عربي 中文 English Français Русский Español


http://www.unoosa.or...sgser.e768.html

Information furnished in conformity with the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space

Note verbale dated 25 April 2016 from the Permanent Mission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the United Nations (Vienna) addressed to the Secretary-General

The Permanent Mission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the United Nations (Vienna) has the honour to transmit, in accordance with article IV of the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space (General Assembly resolution 3235 (XXIX), annex), information concerning the satellite Kwangmyongsong-4, which was launched by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on 7 February 2016 (see annex).



Annex
Registration data on a space object launched by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea*

Kwangmyongsong-4

Name of the launching State: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
National designator: KWANGMYONGSONG-4
Date and territory or location of the launch:
Launch date: 7 February 2016
Launch site: Sohae satellite launch site of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Launch vehicle: KWANGMYONGSONG
Basic orbital parameters:
Nodal period: 94 minutes 24 seconds
Inclination: 97.4 degrees
Apogee: 500 kilometres
Perigee: 494.6 kilometres
General function of the space object: Earth observation



http://www.unoosa.or...tml/ser768E.pdf


Edited by Soheil, Yesterday, 10:40 AM.

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#65 Soheil

Soheil

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Posted Yesterday, 10:41 AM

Kwangmyongsong-4 Part6


Possible First Disclosed Imagery

KCTV's satellite imagery of South Korea's THAAD deployment at Lotte's Seongju Golf Course.

Estimated Coordinates:

36.051737 N, 128.222029 E
36.051622 N, 128.222962 E
36.045398 N, 128.223461 E


THAAD1.1494413098.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1494413098.jpg
▲ Satellite imagery of South Korea's THAAD deployment at Lotte's Seongju Golf Course


THAAD2.1494413128.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1494413128.jpg
▲ Satellite imagery of South Korea's THAAD deployment at Lotte's Seongju Golf Course



THAAD3.1494413145.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1494413145.jpg
▲ Satellite imagery of South Korea's THAAD deployment at Lotte's Seongju Golf Course



THAAD4.1494413178.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1494413178.jpg
▲ Satellite imagery of South Korea's THAAD deployment at Lotte's Seongju Golf Course


THAAD5.1494413197.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1494413197.jpg
▲ Satellite imagery of South Korea's THAAD deployment at Lotte's Seongju Golf Course


DPRKTODAY Video Published on May 8, 2017

Long video version of 17:56 mimutes. Imagery starts at T=8m04s to 9m15s.


▲ 도발적인 《싸드》배치 강행책동으로 명백히 드러난 미제와 남조선괴뢰들의 침략적정체: https://www.youtube....h?v=8dJEFSy3Esk
Imagery starts at T=8m04s.


Controversy

470mhz.png
http://kenshi.air-ni...2/07/470mhz.png
http://kenshi.air-ni.../post-0d98.html
▲ Frequency used by Kwangmyongsong-4 was not disclosed in the notice to ITU.
Assuming it also uses the 470 MHz frequency as with the previous Kwangmyongsong satellites, signal spectrum of 468MHz, as received near 470MHz from Japan on February 6, 2016, indicates that the frequency in this area is also used by other artificial satellites, so we may not be able to conclude that it is Kwangmyongsong-4 because there is a Doppler shift.



2016/02/15

2016021500297434.jpg

The wireless communication equipment aboard Kwangmyongsong-4 sends out the wireless signal only for a short time window when in range with ground stations over North Korea.
A third party who does not know the frequency of the radio signal that the satellite is transmitting will not be able to intercept the radio signal originating from that satellite at any particular time.

http://www.jajusibo....n=sc38



Aug. 4, 2016

Hyon Kwang Il, director of the scientific research department of North Korea's National Aerospace Development Administration,... said that as of July 27, KMS-4 had completed 2,513 orbits, and that within one day after its launch it transmitted 700 photographic images back to Earth. He said it is still working properly and sending data whenever it passes over North Korea, which is four times a day.

http://bigstory.ap.o...plant-flag-moon



2017/06/12 [13:23]

Kwangmyongsong-3 and Kwangmyongsong-4 are largely used as reconnaissance satellites.

The Earth observing satellite of North Korea passes through the East Sea four times a day, passing through the East Sea once in about 3 hours, because it alternates between Kwangmyongsong-3 and Kwangmyongsong-4.

Surveilling the Korea Operational Zone and the Japanese Oki Islands (隱岐岛), it monitors the appearance of the US aircraft carrier group.

Part of the planned future integrated Command and Control system (C4ISR) of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army, which will combine a 1,300 km detection Over-the-horizon radar, a global satellite reconnaissance system, the [Panghyon-5: 방현-5, AntiReflection-5] stealth unmanned strategic reconnaissance system, and the Hwasong-XX ASBM high-precision ballistic missile complex.

http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=



Commemoration philatelic souvenir

Img8316871_n.jpg
https://m4.biz.itc.c...mg8316871_n.jpg
http://www.kcna.co.j...16-02-29ee.html
▲ Pyongyang, February 29 (KCNA) -- New stamps (two sheets) were issued in the DPRK as regards the successful launch of earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong 4.



Img8316870_n.jpg
https://m3.biz.itc.c...mg8316870_n.jpg
http://www.kcna.co.j...16-02-29ee.html
▲ Pyongyang, February 29 (KCNA) -- New stamps (two sheets) were issued in the DPRK as regards the successful launch of earth observation satellite Kwangmyongsong 4.



KM4-Stamp-Book-Cover-copy-721x1024.jpg
https://www.youngpio...py-721x1024.jpg
http://www.youngpion...a-space-program
▲ DPRK'S KWANGMYONGSONG-4 COMMEMORATIVE STAMP BOOK (Available at the Stamp Museum in Pyongyang and the Koryo Stamp Shop in Kaesong)

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#66 Soheil

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Posted Yesterday, 10:42 AM

Disclosed satellite models


104.jpg
https://i.sme.sk/cda...6347409/104.jpg
http://www.sme.sk/c/...ych-lidrov.html
▲ In this April 3, 2012 photo, a model of Kwangmyongsong satellite series, hangs on the ceiling of a school space observatory in Samjiyon, with two more in the background.



Arirang2013sat.1450141042.jpg
https://ipic.su/img/....1450141042.jpg
http://ic.pics.livej.../587187_600.jpg
http://juche-songun....com/711626.html
▲ Latest artistic depiction of future satellite, screen capture from Arirang Mass Games 2013: emphasizing additions of deployable sonar panels and thruster



stamp7.jpg
https://js-tours.jp/...5/12/stamp7.jpg
http://js-tours.jp/archives/1115
▲ 2014 North Korean Stamp with unknown satellite


unknownsat10may2016.1490629495.jpg
https://ipic.su/img/....1490629495.jpg
https://abm-website-...ing _Duff 2.jpg
https://www.pddnet.c...plant-flag-moon
▲ Model of an unknown octagonal prism-shaped satellite with four unfoldable solar panels, at the Kim Il Sung Square on May 10, 2016, in Pyongyang, North Korea.



kms5.1490629531.jpg
https://ipic.su/img/....1490629531.jpg
http://dprktoday.com...type=26&no=9047
▲ Screen capture from Mar 9, 2017 video showing 9 more unknown satellite models.



Mar 9, 2017 Video

Long video version of 17:56 mimutes. Imagery starts at T=8m04s to 9m15s.


▲ Video published on Mar 9, 2017 showing 9 more unknown satellites: https://www.youtube....h?v=I-40y8aIPTU


8jul2017sat.1499531638.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1499531638.jpg
▲ Screen capture from Jul 8, 2017 video showing an unknown satellite with unfoldable solar panels model at the national exhibition of children's science fictions and models-2017.



Video Published on Jul 8, 2017 from the national exhibition of children's science fictions and models-2017: https://www.youtube....h?v=0bOBJifozQw
▲ At T=0m43s and T=2m41s: unknown satellite with unfoldable solar panels.



Planned future satellites



The Use of Satellite Imagery in Oil Reserve Exploration

  • Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)

    "RADARSAT (SAR) really detects changes in the surface tension caused by oil only a few microns thick and RADARSAT can detect as little as one-half to one liter of oil escaping per day."
  • Gravitational

    Another type of satellite is using gravitational forces to create a map that can be used to locate oil reserves. These forces can be used as a useful tool because oil is often surrounded by materials such as limestone and clay which are light and have less gravitational force than surrounding materials.

Mar 24,2015

"We estimate there are 60 billion to 90 billion barrels of crude oil reserves in North Korea," said a North Korean economic official at the time.

If those arguments turn out to be true, North Korea has the eighth-largest crude oil reserves in the world, next to the United Arab Emirates.

24050450.jpg

http://koreajoongang...spx?aid=3002247


https://blog.urtheca...ve-exploration/


October 22, 1999

The North Koreans are currently planning to launch a solar-powered geostationary satellite into orbit at 35,800 km above the earth's equator. When all preparations are completed for the next launch, depending on the situation - provided diplomatic relations are established between Pyongyang and Washington - the North Koreans may consider inviting an American team of space satellite and rocket experts to observe their launch station and an actual blastoff as a part of the sales promotion blitz. American TV and mass media may be allowed to broadcast the scene live.

http://oldsite.nauti.../9907G_Kim.html


2016/09/21

Space development is a very promising future industry. If North Korea succeeds in the development of its geostationary satellite, it means that it would be able to launch GEO communication satellite and it can build its own GPS system.

http://www.jajusibo....555&section=sc3



Feb. 22, 2017

To specify a location, we need to receive signals from at least four satellites. However, in some urban or mountainous areas, positioning signals from four satellites are often hampered by skyscrapers or mountains, and that has often caused significant errors.

The quasi-zenith satellites consist of a multiple number of satellites that fly in the orbit passing through the near zenith over North Korea.

Thus accuracy of one meter to the centimeter level can be achieved compared to the conventional GPS error of tens of meters.


In order to have at least one quasi-zenith satellite always flying near North Korea's zenith, at least three satellites are necessary.


qzss_main_002.jpg
http://global.jaxa.j...ss_main_002.jpg
http://global.jaxa.j...jects/sat/qzss/
▲ Quasi-Zenith GPS satellite

 

╔═════════════════════════════════════════════╗
║ Major Characteristics of Quasi-Zenith Orbit ║
╠════════════════╤════════════════════════════╣
║    Altitude    │  Approx. 32000 - 40000km   ║
╟────────────────┼────────────────────────────╢
║  Inclination   │     Approx. 40 degrees     ║
╟────────────────┼────────────────────────────╢
║    Centered    │  Approx. 127 degrees East  ║
╟────────────────┼────────────────────────────╢
║  Eccentricity  │       Approx. 0.075        ║
╟────────────────┼────────────────────────────╢
║     Period     │    23 hours 56 minutes     ║
╚════════════════╧════════════════════════════╝
http://global.jaxa.j...jects/sat/qzss/

......

2017

To improve multipath errors (caused by reflection off buildings and other objects) and satellite constellation errors, it is necessary to increase the number of satellites used for positioning.

It is said that eight or more visible satellites are ideal for carrying out stable, highly precise positioning.

Signal delays caused by the ionosphere are the most common type of positioning error. The ionosphere is a region of the upper atmosphere from 100 to 1,000 kilometers that is charged with electricity. When satellite signals from satellites pass through the ionosphere, their speed decreases. Because the arrival of the satellite signals is delayed, an error results when the distance between the satellite and user is calculated as longer than it actually is.
To resolve ionospheric errors, it is necessary to perform positioning that combines multiple frequencies (L1 with L2 or L5).
Dual-frequency receivers are very expensive, so it is expected that single-frequency receivers will also be used widely for the immediate future.
The Klobuchar model parameter, which transmits standard L1C/A positioning signals, is a way to achieve ionospheric correction for single-frequency receivers.



For satellite positioning, accuracy improves when satellites are distributed evenly in a wide range in the high-altitude sky. The degree to which the satellites are arranged in the sky in a balanced manner is called Dilution of Precision (DOP). For horizontal positions, it is known that DOP improves when satellites with low elevation angles are included.


img_tumst_02.png
http://www.kke.co.jp...mg_tumst_02.png
http://www.kke.co.jp...o-kaiyodai.html
▲ Factors that affect GNSS measurements



isos7j00000000rm.jpg
http://qzss.go.jp/en...j00000000rm.jpg
http://qzss.go.jp/en...s/sv02_why.html
▲ Quasi-Zenith Orbit ground track used for GPS satellite


http://qzss.go.jp/en...s/sv02_why.html
http://qzss.go.jp/en...s/sv04_pnt.html



Quantum Code Communications Satellite

Quantum Code Communications Technology Developed

[2017-03-24]

The scientists of Kim Il Sung University have succeeded in developing a quantum code communications technology, which makes it possible to open up a bright prospect for blocking various kinds of hacking and wiretapping from their sources by taking hold of its core technologies.
The Korean-style development of the quantum code communications device in the limelight of the world has made a breakthrough in the work for turning the above-said technology to practical use on a high level.

3241.jpg
http://www.naenara.c.../03/24/3241.jpg
http://www.naenara.c...e/?goods 1 1312



http://www.naenara.c...e/?goods 1 1312


2017/06/12 [13:23]

Part of the planned future integrated Command and Control system (C4ISR) of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army, which will combine a 1,300 km detection Over-the-horizon radar, a global satellite reconnaissance system, the [Panghyon-5: 방현-5, AntiReflection-5] stealth unmanned strategic reconnaissance system, and the Hwasong-XX ASBM high-precision ballistic missile complex.

http://jajusibo.com/...=sc38&section2=


February 23, 2011

During the tactical process of ASBM attack/defense the support of space-based satellite information is highly required for target reconnaissance, missile early-warning, global communications, precision guidance, battle damage assessment and the digitalized construction of the battlefield...When compared to long-range, precise missile attacks on land targets, ASBM assaults on long-range sea [targets] are very different...For example, when attacking land [targets] long-range cruise missiles use terrain contour matching, using the geographical references such as mountains or rivers to aid guidance; but ASBMs have few or no references when flying over water, and cannot use this method...Thus, an ASBM requires military satellite support at every stage of the attack process.

...

In discussing the role that ELINT satellites would play in [North Korea]'s ASBM program, this study goes on to emphasize the importance of C4ISR sensor fusion:
During the process of planning [to use] the fire power of an ASBM, [there is a need] for obtaining reliable target intelligence information for guiding the missile attack. This could be achieved by integrating EO [Electro-Optical] imaging satellites, SAR imaging satellites, electronic reconnaissance satellites, naval ocean surveillance system satellites, mapping resource satellites, and highly accurate commercial remote sensing satellite imagery, which could be purchased on the international market. Through the integration of the data obtained via a number of different satellites, and with the addition of processing and data fusion, [one could] guarantee missile guidance requirements for all types of target information for a long-range ASBM strike.

134951028_14510132734161n.jpg
http://news.xinhuane...0132734161n.jpg
http://news.xinhuane...c_134951028.htm
▲ 中断指令修正型反舰弹道导弹作战流程图, 现代舰船.
ASBM being guided to target through direct communication with reconnaissance satellite
Operational flow chart of a mid-course order correction anti-ship ballistic missile



https://project2049....ston_stokes.pdf


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#67 Soheil

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Posted Yesterday, 10:42 AM

Space launch forecast

Mar 26, 2017

Series of articles celebrating two decades of achievements in space activities published since March 24, 2017, in Korean and hinting at an upcoming major space launch, to mark the August 31, 1998 Kwangmyongsong-1 anniversary.
April 25 is Military Foundation Day, thus a space launch might be attempted on April 24.


1e44ae5ab365839e7b77ce01b66881e6.jpg?ima
http://cms-bucket.no...thumbnail=550x0
http://news.163.com/....html#sns_weibo


https://pbs.twimg.co...rD9VwAIKiVb.jpg
http://www.dprktoday...type=2&no=19018



https://twitter.com/...902325600333825



Numerological Analysis by Master S☫heil from Sohae, DPRK.

Launch date (Pyongyang): 2X APR (20)17, XX MAY (20)17; Time (Pyongyang): XX:XX

2+3+4=9 for the lucky number of 9.

1+3+5=9; 2+2+5=9; 3+1+5=9

It is therefore strongly advised to proceed with a space launch attempt on the lucky date of 23 APR 2017!
Otherwise, one should wait for the next lucky windows: on 13 MAY 2017, 22 MAY 2017 and 31 MAY 2017.

ef4c39dcd17aefe2a1d2402a2ee4eb.png

Master S☫heil



DPRK's Space Development Will Make Progress as Scheduled

Apr. 5, Juche 106 (2017) Wednesday

The world will soon witness what eventful successes the DPRK will achieve in the space development.

http://rodong.rep.kp...2017-04-05-0004



July 23, 2015

"North Korea is working hard to test the rocket engine," the source said,

"I am not at liberty to discuss the timing and number of attempts, but North Korea conducted at least two engine combustion tests during the first half of this year," the official said.
"Taking into account the scope of the tests, the new rocket will be larger than Unha-3"

The South Korean intelligence authorities said the rocket engine tests took place at an arms research institute in Sanum-dong of Ryongsong District in northern Pyongyang and the Tongchang-ri Space Launch Facility near the Chinese border.

An engine combustion test takes place on the ground to confirm the operation of a booster for a rocket, and the International Institute for Strategic Studies had earlier said North Korea conducted four engine combustion tests last year.

South Korean authorities suspect North Korea is preparing a launch of a rocket upgraded from the Unha-3.

After its successful launch of the Unha-3, the state media said the country would continue to bolster its capability by building more rockets under the slogan, "Go for Unha-9 at one burst!" Photos of a model of the Unha-9 were featured in North Korea's state-run newspaper.

http://koreajoongang...spx?aid=3006964


Commentary

A geostationary satellite launch is already announced for next year, with a new launcher powered by four(?) 80-tons thrust engines.
Orbit Slots and Frequency resource as regulatory procedures as per ITU requirements are still to be fulfilled though.

Therefore, introducing this new rocket this year targeting a lower orbit between 700-1000 km SSO/LEO and a modest 1000 kg satellite would constitute a more conservative and incremental start.
Otherwise, to maximize the success probability and not tarnish the festivities like in 2012, the simple launch of an old Unha-3 workhorse could be a safer strategy, but at the cost of lesser prestige.

However, the past 5 years have demonstrated that the North Korean supreme leadership is always willing to take the maximum risk in order to reap the maximum rewards.
In addition, the space race between the two Koreas is forcing NADA, according to its Second Space Development Five-Year Plan starting in 2017, to send a heavy launcher, a geostationary satellite, a Lunar orbiter and an astronaut into space, all within 5 years!

Delays in the South Korean space launcher's development and political instabilities are only temporary.
Indeed, KARI's pilot launch vehicle was originally scheduled for 2017, the KSLV-2 LV for 2019, the lunar orbiter and rover for 2020, the lunar return sample for 2025, and the 10 tons manned spacecraft for 2030.


7:37 PM - 29 Mar 2017

Video of Kari's 75-tons engine test


From now on the engine can move! This is a video of a test firing of the 75-tons class engine No. 3 conducted at Naro Space Center yesterday.
From the engine No. 3, the thrust vector control system verification test is conducted to control the flight direction of the rocket by moving the engine itself to the north, south, east and west.

https://twitter.com/...276587557031936



Video Published on Mar 29, 2017


▲ Kari's 75-tons force engine test: https://www.youtube....h?v=xwBwOH595Kg


iranelection-1200.jpg

The manned spaceflight is not dictated by KARI's agenda but certainly considered a top priority for Iran's INSA.

Plan to launch in 2016 an E1 manned spaceship thus making Iran the only fourth world power to develop manned spaceflight capability, only failed due to the Rouhani's administration low priority space policy.

India as the other most serious contender for the fourth place, also postponed its extravagant space ambitions with the new Modi administration.

But as ex-Iranian President Dr Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, known as the father of Iran's manned space program, submitted his name on Wednesday 12 April 2017 for registration as a candidate in Iran's upcoming May 19, 2017 presidential election, the manned space race for the most coveted fourth place is now restarted between Iran and North Korea!


iranian-president-astronaut-suit.jpeg?w=
http://static.hyperc...491985747695202


7ytitA.1490276095.jpg
http://ipic.su/img/i....1490276095.jpg


1467.gifNorth_Korea.gif


Dr Mahmoud Ahmadinejad barred from running for President And Space launch postponement

kimunji_kim_crying.png


page_article_mark.PNG

page_article_markEN.PNG

May. 5, Juche 106 (2017) Friday

DPRK Warns U.S., S. Korean Intelligence Agencies of Merciless Punishment: Ministry of State Security


The Ministry of State Security of the DPRK released the following statement Friday:

A terrorists' group, which the CIA and the IS infiltrated into the DPRK on the basis of covert and meticulous preparations to commit state-sponsored terrorism against the supreme leadership of the DPRK by use of bio-chemical substance, has been recently detected.

They hatched a plot of letting Kim commit bomb terrorism targeting the supreme leadership during events at the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun and at military parade and public procession after his return home.

They told him that assassination by use of biochemical substances including radioactive substance and nano poisonous substance is the best method that does not require access to the target, their lethal results will appear after six or twelve months, bio-chemical substance can be added in cooperation with the CIA if one single correct information is obtained,

on April 13, 17 and 20 this year they let Kim know that they officially confirmed the types of bio-chemical substance and hardware to be used for committing terrorist act against the supreme leadership


KCNA


http://rodong.rep.kp...2017-05-06-0010


kimunji_angry-150x150.1495387865.png



SEAL TEAM 6 liquidated in North Korea

May 28, 2017

South Korean news had previously reported that the USS Michigan, a submarine that moves special forces like US Navy SEALs, had joined the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier strike group off of North Korea's coast after a secret mission.

Chinese intelligence reported that SEAL Team 6 was training alongside South Korea's version of the SEALs for killing North Korea's leader Kim Jong Un.

Signals intelligence recieved by Russian Far Eastern command, seemed to indicate a patrol had been inserted on a ground recon mission inside North Korean territory and that a chance encounter with a dog patrol had led to casualties among the American forces who broke radio silence to ask for help.

http://novorossia.to...er-kim-jong-un/




242fa1028c2ab0c9e3c985e6ff16bd46_origina



page_article_mark.PNG

page_article_markEN.PNG

May. 3, Juche 106 (2017) Wednesday

Commentary on DPRK-China Relations


Kim Chol released a commentary on Wednesday, urging Chinese newspapers to refrain from making reckless remarks undermining the DPRK-China relations.

Their call for not only slapping stricter sanctions but also not ruling out a military intervention if the DPRK refuses to abandon its nuclear program is no more than an extremely ego-driven theory based on big-power chauvinism that not only the strategic interests but also the dignity and vital rights of the DPRK should be sacrificed for the interests of China.

China should no longer try to test the limits of the DPRK's patience but make proper strategic option, facing up to the situation.

China had better ponder over the grave consequences to be entailed by its reckless act of chopping down the pillar of the DPRK-China relations. -0-

Kim Chol


http://rodong.rep.kp...2017-05-05-0010



rBABqVlbEe-EAOApAAAAAHAYkPM370.gif

May 31, 2017 Update:

As Iran's semi-official ILNA news agency is reporting that the country's space organization is cancelling its plan to send astronauts into space, the most coveted fourth place as a manned space faring nation is now within North Korea's grasp!

New song: I will fill space with satellites


▲ 위성으로 저 우주를 꽉 채울테야 : https://www.youtube....h?v=OE5-eC3Ap44
New song "I will fill space with satellites", Published on Jul 21, 2017



Dates in 2017 with high probability for a space launch attempt
  • U.S. National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day 2017: Thursday, July 27, 2017
  • U.S. Purple Heart Day 2017: Monday, August 7, 2017
  • U.S. National Aviation Day 2017: Saturday, August 19, 2017
  • U.S. National POW/MIA Recognition Day 2017: Friday, September 15, 2017
  • U.S. Constitution Day and Citizenship Day 2017: Sunday, September 17, 2017; Monday, September 18, 2017 Observed date
  • U.S. Columbus Day 2017: Monday, October 9, 2017
  • U.S. Navy Birthday 2017: Friday, October 13, 2017
  • U.S. Veterans Day 2017: Friday, November 10, 2017 - Saturday, November 11, 2017
  • U.S. Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day 2017: Thursday, December 7, 2017
https://www.timeandd...om/holidays/us/

Dates in 2018 with lowest probability for a space launch attempt
  • The 2018 Annual meeting of the World Economic Forum will be held January 23 - 26, 2018 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland.
See Page 1 Table of Contents For Latest Updates!

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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: North Korea, NADA, space program, manned spaceflight, Paektusan, Unha, Kwangmyongsong, Sohae, Tonghae, Iran

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