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#1 grog

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Posted 19 July 2018 - 04:40 PM

Why Marijuana Is Illegal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Top 7 Reasons Why Marijuana Is Illegal
 
 
 
 
 
 
July 7, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
For almost a century, these seven lines of reasoning have been the most commonly used to justify the criminalization of marijuana across the United States. Learn more about where these reasons come from, the facts behind them, and how marijuana legalization advocates have responded.  
 
01
 
of 06
 
It's Perceived as Addictive
 
Marijuana
 
RapidEye/Getty Images
 
Under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, marijuana is classified as a Schedule I drug on the basis that it has "a high potential for abuse."
 
This classification comes from the perception that when people use marijuana, they get hooked and become "potheads," and it begins to dominate their lives. This unquestionably happens in some cases. But it also happens with alcohol, which is perfectly legal.
 
In order to fight this argument for prohibition, legalization advocates have made the argument that marijuana is not as addictive as government sources claim.
 
So how addictive is marijuana after all? The truth is we really just don't know yet, but it looks like the risk is relatively low, especially when compared with other drugs.
 
02
 
of 06
 
It Has No "Acceptable Medicinal Use"
 
Marijuana seems to yield considerable medical benefits for many Americans with ailments ranging from glaucoma to cancer, but these benefits have not been accepted on a national level. Medical use of marijuana remains a serious national controversy.
 
In order to fight the argument that marijuana has no medical use, legalization advocates are working to highlight the effects it has had on the lives of people who have used the drug for medical reasons.
 
03
 
of 06
 
It Has Historically Been Linked With Narcotics, Such as Heroin
 
Early anti-drug laws were written to regulate narcotics - opium and its derivatives, such as heroin and morphine. Marijuana, though not a narcotic, was described as such - along with cocaine.
 
The association stuck, and there is now a vast gulf in the American consciousness between "normal" recreational drugs, such as alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine, and "abnormal" recreational drugs, such as heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine. Marijuana is generally associated with the latter category, which is why it can be convincingly portrayed as a "gateway drug."
 
04
 
of 06
 
It Was Once Associated With Oppressed Ethnic Groups
 
The intense anti-marijuana movement of the 1930s dovetailed nicely with the intense anti-Chicano movement of the 1930s. Marijuana was associated with Mexican-Americans, and a ban on marijuana was seen as a way of discouraging Mexican-American subcultures from developing.
 
Today, thanks in large part to the very public popularity of marijuana among whites during the 1960s and 1970s, marijuana is no longer seen as what one might call an ethnic drug - but the groundwork for the anti-marijuana movement was laid down at a time when marijuana was seen as an encroachment on the U.S. majority-white culture.
 
05
 
of 06
 
Inertia Is a Powerful Force in Public Policy
 
If something has been banned for only a short period of time, then the ban is seen as unstable. If something has been banned for a long time, however, then the ban - no matter how ill-conceived it might be -  tends to go unenforced long before it is actually taken off the books.
 
People tend to be comfortable with the status quo - and the status quo, for nearly a century, has been a literal or de facto federal ban on marijuana.
 
06
 
of 06
 
Advocates for Legalization Rarely Make a Convincing Case
 
To hear some advocates of marijuana legalization say it, the drug cures diseases while it promotes creativity, open-mindedness, moral progression, and a closer relationship with God and the cosmos. That sounds thoroughly unconvincing to people who don't use the drug themselves - especially when the public image of a marijuana user is, again, that of a loser who risks arrest and imprisonment so that he or she can artificially invoke an endorphin release.
 
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Other names for marijuana
 
 
 
 
 
 
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#2 grog

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Posted 19 July 2018 - 05:00 PM

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#3 grog

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Posted 19 July 2018 - 05:02 PM

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#4 grog

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Posted 19 July 2018 - 05:04 PM

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#5 Promitheas

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Posted 20 July 2018 - 09:54 AM


SHADOW OF THE SWASTIKA:
(The Elkhorn Manifesto) http://www.hempfarm....e_Swastika.html The Real Reason the Government Won't Debate
Medical Cannabis and Industrial Hemp Re-legalization

An Open Letter to All Americans
By R. William Davis

Documented Evidence of a Secret Business and Political Alliance
Between the U.S. "Establishment" and the Nazis -
Before, During and After World War II - up to the Present.

PREFACE

Before the Gatewood Galbraith for Governor Campaign in 1991, few Kentuckians knew that the plant that the federal government had demonized for over 50 years as "Marijuana - Assassin of Youth," was, in fact, Cannabis Hemp, the most traded commodity in the world until the mid-1800s, and our state's number one crop, industry, and most important source of revenue, for over 150 years.

Today, thanks to the efforts of pioneer hemp researchers and public advocates such as Galbraith, Jack Fraizer, Jack Herer, Chris Conrad, Ed Rosenthal, Don Wirtshafter and others, the federal government's unjustifiable suppression of our state's right to develop our most valuable and versatile natural resource, is facing increasing opposition from an informed public. Hemp is now recognized as hmpfield.jpg the number one agriculturally renewable raw material in the world, and perhaps the only crop / industry which can guarantee us industrial and economic independence from the trans-national corporations.

"Shadow of the Swastika" is a follow-up to my earlier work, "Cannabis Hemp: the Invisible Prohibition Revealed," which I wrote and published in support of the Galbraith Campaign. Since publication of that booklet, there has been growing public acceptance of the evidence that Marijuana Prohibition was created in 1937, not to protect society from the "evils of the drug Marijuana," as the Federal government claimed, but as an act of deliberate economic and industrial sabotage against the re-emerging Industrial Hemp Industry.

Previous investigations by hemp researchers have been limited to the suppression of free-market competition from the hemp industry, and focused on the activities of three prominent members of America's corporate, industrial and banking establishment during the mid- to late-1930s:

WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST, the newspaper and magazine tycoon.

  • The expected rebirth of cannabis hemp as a less expensive source of pulp for paper meant his millions of acres of prime timberland, and investment in wood pulp papermaking equipment, would soon be worth much less. In the 1920s, about the same time as the equipment was developed to economically mass-produce raw hemp into pulp and fiber for paper, he began the "Reefer Madness" hoax in his newspaper and magazine publications.

ANDREW MELLON, founder of the Gulf Oil Corporation.

  • He knew that cannabis hemp was an alternative industrial raw material for the production of thousands of products, including fuel and plastics, which, if allowed to compete in the free-market, would threaten the future profits of the oil companies. As Secretary of the Treasury he created the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, and appointed his own future nephew-in-law, Harry Anslinger, as director. Anslinger would later use the sensational, and totally fabricated, articles published by Hearst, to push the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 through Congress, which successfully destroyed the rebirth of the cannabis hemp industry.

    A prominent member of one Congressional subcommittee who voted in favor of this bill was Joseph Guffey of Pennsylvania, an oil tycoon and former business partner of Andrew Mellon in the Spindletop oil fields in Texas.

THE DU PONT CHEMICAL CORPORATION,

  • which owned the patents on synthetic petrochemicals and industrial processes that promised billions of dollars in future profits from the sale of wood pulp paper, lead additives for gasoline, synthetic fibers and plastics, if hemp could be suppressed. At the time, du Pont family influence in both government and the private sector was unmatched, according to historians and journalists.

This publication, however, reveals documented historical evidence that the suppression of the hemp industry was only one key part of a much larger conspiracy in the 1930s, not only by the three corporate interests named above, but by many others, as well.

Congressional records, FBI reports and investigations by the Justice Department, during the 1930s and 1940s, have already documented evidence of this wider plot. A list of the corporations named include Du Pont, Standard Oil, and General Motors, all of which were proven to be conspiring with Nazi industrial cartels to eliminate competition world-wide and divide among themselves the Earth's industrial resources and commercial markets, for profitable exploitation.

This conspiracy succeeded. It is now obvious that this lack of serious competition in the industrial raw materials market caused our present - and totally contrived - addiction to petrochemicals. Its success is directly responsible for the most troubling problems we now face in the 1990s; serious damage to our environment, concentration of economic and political power into fewer and fewer hands, and the weakening of the rights of individuals and states to determine their own futures.

It is more and more evident that, given the historical record, the structure of the New World Order is being built upon the Foundation of Marijuana Prohibition, and only the relegalization of free-market hemp competition can save us.

R. William Davis
July 4, 1996
Louisville, Kentucky

 

INTRODUCTION

To clearly understand the circumstances which existed during the 1930s and 1940s, and are the subject of this booklet, it would be helpful to first put the hemp / petrochemical conflict into historical perspective. The events which took place in the years leading up to World War II were a continuation of a struggle between agricultural and industrial interests that began before the American Revolution, a struggle which has yet to be decided, even today.

AGRICULTURE VS. INDUSTRY

The historical record, at least as it has been presented to us in the public school system, is that the Civil War was fought to end slavery. This is not the whole story. The truth of the matter is that it was also a clash between Northern industrialists and Southern agriculturists, over control of the expansion into the newly opened West.

In 1845, Abraham Lincoln wrote, "I hold it a paramount duty of us in the free states due to the union of the states, and perhaps to liberty itself, to let the slavery of other states alone." (1)

Concerning the Western territories, he said "The whole Nation is interested that the best use shall be made of these territories. We want them for homes and free white people. This they cannot be, to any considerable extent, if slavery be planted within them." (2)

Lincoln was caught in the middle between the Northern industrialists and the Southern agriculturists, who both wanted to dominate Western expansion because of the wealth it offered. The industrialists knew that the agriculturists depended on slavery because cotton, upon which Southern wealth was based, was very labor intensive and required the inexpensive labor that slavery provided. They knew that if the Western lands were declared "free states" then the Southern agriculturists would be unable to compete, and would be forced to leave Western expansion, and its potential profits, to the Northern industrialists.

Quoting "The Irony of Democracy," by Thomas R. Dye and T. Harmon Zeigler,

The Northern industrialists used this increased capital to build the system of transcontinental railways, linking the Northeast with both the South and West. The labor for this undertaking was from the Northeastern Establishment's own source of cheap labor - recently freed slaves and poor immigrants from Europe and China - who suffered under living conditions which were often little better than those which existed under the Slave System just a few years before."The importance of the Civil War for America's elite structure was the commanding position that the new industrial capitalists won during the course of the struggle. . . . The economic transformation of the United States from an agricultural to an industrial nation reached the crescendo of a revolution in the second half of the nineteenth century.

"Civil War profits compounded the capital of the industrialists and placed them in a position to dominate the economic life of the nation. Moreover, when the Southern planters were removed from the national scene, the government in Washington became the exclusive domain of the new industrial leaders." (3)

It was during the years between the Civil War and the beginning of the Twentieth Century that the Northern industrialists altered the role of the American government. Originally established by the Revolution to protect and preserve the lives, property and freedoms of all Americans from repressive government, it was transformed into an agency to protect the economic future of Northern industrialists.

"[T]he industrial elites," according to Dye and Zeigler, "saw no objection to legislation if it furthered their success in business. Unrestricted competition might prove who was the fittest, but as an added precaution to insure that the industrial capitalists themselves emerged as the fittest, these new elites also insisted upon government subsidies, patents, tariffs, loans, and massive giveaways of land and other natural resources." (4)

The struggle between Western farmers and the railroads owned by the Northern industrialists is a good example. To protect their interests, citizens created "the Grange," an organization which helped to enact state laws regulating the "ruthless aggression" of the railroads. In 1877, these laws were upheld by the Supreme Court in the Munn v. Illinois decision. But, a few years later, Justice Stephen A. Field changed the role, and the very definition, of the corporation. He gave a new interpretation to the Fourteenth Amendment that actually gave corporations legal status as citizens . . . as artificial persons. (5)

It was not long after this change in the interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment that John D. Rockefeller, the father of the modern-day corporation, created the great Standard Oil Corporation which, by the late 1880s, gained control over 90% of all the oil refineries in America. (6)

The roots of 20th Century American politics can best be illustrated by the 1896 Presidential Election, won by Republican William McKinley by a landslide. The McKinley campaign was directed by Marcus Alonzo Hanna of Standard Oil and raised a $16,000,000 campaign fund from wealthy fellow industrialists, (an amount that was unmatched in Presidential campaigns until the 1960s). The major theme of the campaign, and one that would echo far into the future, was "what's good for business is good for the country." (7)

This emerging political and judicial misuse of power in America was feared by Thomas Jefferson who, in 1787, wrote, "I think our governments will remain virtuous for many centuries; as long as they remain chiefly agricultural; and this will be as long as there shall be vacant lands in any part of America. When they get piled upon one another in large cities as in Europe they will become corrupt as in Europe." (8)

It is important to remember that the American Revolution was a clash between the agriculturists in the colonies, and the British industrialists who controlled the government in England. Almost 100 years later the Civil War was fought as a continuation of the same basic struggle, but with the victory going back to the industrialists. This began the erosion of the American government "of the people, for the people and by the people." The buying of the 1896 Presidential Election, by Hanna of Standard Oil and the Northern industrial interests, was the next important step on the long road to the American government "of the corporation, for the corporation and by the corporation."

A few years later, World War I would forge an even closer relationship between corporations and government in the United States, as well as around the world. Anthony Sampson, in his book "The Arms Bazaar," notes that "the American companies, led by US Steel and du Pont, were transformed by war orders. US Steel, which had absorbed Carnegie's old steel company, had made average annual profits in the four pre-war years of $105 million, while in the four war years they were $240 million; and du Pont's average profit went up from $6 million to $58 million. . . .

"Certainly the arms companies had become much richer through the war, and there were widespread suspicions that they were actually trying to prolong it." (9)

The bottom line is, of course, victory or profit, and in what proportions? To what lengths would this nation's top industrial leaders go to secure their share of the profits before and during the next "war to end all war?"

 

 

U.S. CORPORATIONS AND THE NAZIS

A large volume of documentary evidence exists that reveals that many of the richest, most powerful men in the United States, and the giant corporations they controlled, were secretly allied with the Nazis, both before and during World War II, even after war was declared between Germany and America. This alliance began with U.S. corporate investment during the reconstruction of post-World War I Germany in the 1920s and, years later, included financial, industrial and military aid to the Nazis."A clique of U.S. industrialists is hell-bent to bring a fascist state to supplant our democratic government and is working closely with the fascist regime in Germany and Italy. I have had plenty of opportunity in my post in Berlin to witness how close some of our American ruling families are to the Nazi regime. . . .

"Certain American industrialists had a great deal to do with bringing fascist regimes into being in both Germany and Italy. They extended aid to help Fascism occupy the seat of power, and they are helping to keep it there." - William E. Dodd, U.S. Ambassador to Germany, 1937.(1)

On the pages which follow we will review which prominent Americans and corporations were involved, what aid and comfort they gave our nation's enemies - treasonable offenses during time of war, and investigations into these matters which produced evidence of a US/Nazi corporate conspiracy to bring a fascist state to America, and eliminate competition in the industrial raw materials market in order to force world-wide dependance on oil-based petrochemicals.

 

WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST hearst.jpg

Hearst, who was so concerned about the American public's health and safety on the matter of marijuana use, apparently had no such fears when it came to Hitler and the Nazis. According to journalist George Seldes:

". . . Hitler had the support of the most widely circulated magazine in history, 'Readers Digest,' as well as nineteen big-city newspapers and one of the three great American news agencies, the $220-million Hearst press empire.

". . . William Randolph Hearst, Sr., . . . was the lord of all the press lords in the United States. The millions who read the Hearst newspapers and magazines and saw Hearst newsreels in the nation's moviehouses had their minds poisoned by Hitler propaganda.

"It was . . . disclosed first to President Roosevelt [by Ambassador Dodd] almost on the day it happened, in September 1934, and it is detailed in the book 'Ambassador Dodd's Diary,' published in 1941, and again in libel-proof documents on file in the courts of the state of New York. William E. Dodd, professor of history [at the University of Chicago], told me about the Hearst sell-out . . .

"According to Ambassador Dodd, Hearst came to take the waters at Bad Nauheim in September 1934, and Dodd somehow learned immediately that Hitler had sent two of his most trusted Nazi propagandists, Hanfstangel and Rosenberg, to ask Hearst how Nazism could present a better image in the United States. When Hearst went to Berlin later in the month, he was taken to see Hitler."

Seldes reports that a $400,000 a year deal was struck between Hearst and Hitler, and signed by Doctor Joseph Goebbels, the Nazi propaganda minister. "Hearst," continues Seldes, "completely changed the editorial policy of his nineteen daily newspapers the same month he got the money."

In the court documents filed on behalf of Dan Gillmor, publisher of a magazine named "Friday," in response to a lawsuit by Hearst, under item 61, he states: "Promptly after this said visit with Adolf Hitler and the making of said arrangements. . . said plaintiff, William Randolph Hearst, instructed all Hearst press correspondents in Germany, including those of INS [Hearst's International News Service] to report happenings in Germany only in a friendly' manner. All of such correspondents reporting happenings in Germany accurately and without friendliness, sympathy and bias for the actions of the then German government, were transferred elsewhere, discharged, or forced to resign. . . ."

In the late 1930s, Seldes recounts, when "several sedition indictments [were brought by] the Department of Justice . . . against a score or two of Americans, the defendants included an unusually large minority of newspaper men and women, most of them Hearst employees." (2)

 

ANDREW MELLON mellon.jpg

Alcoa sabotage of American war production had already cost the U.S. "10,000 fighters or 1,665 bombers," according to Congressman Pierce of Oregon speaking in May 1941, because of "the effort to protect Alcoa's monopolistic position. . ."

"Thurman Arnold, as assistant district attorney of the United States, his assistant, Norman Littell, and several Congressional investigations, have produced incontrovertible evidence that some of our biggest monopolies entered into secret agreements with the Nazi cartels and divided the world up among them," states Seldes in his book, "Facts and Fascism," published in 1943. "Most notorious of all was Alcoa, the Mellon-Davis-Duke monopoly which is largely responsible for the fact America did not have the aluminum with which to build airplanes before and after Pearl Harbor, while Germany had an unlimited supply." (3)

"If America loses this war," said Secretary of the Interior [Harold] Ickes, June 26, 1941, "it can thank the Aluminum Corporation of America."

"By its cartel agreement with I.G. Farben, controlled by Hitler," writes Seldes, "Alcoa sabotaged the aluminum program of the U.S. air force. The Truman Committee [on National Defense, chaired by then-Senator Harry S. Truman in 1942] heard testimony that Alcoa's representative, A.H. Bunker, $1-a-year head of the aluminum section of O.P.M., prevented work on our $600,000,000 aluminum expansion program." (4)

 

 

DU PONT AND GENERAL MOTORS dupont.jpg

General Motors is included here because, by 1929, the Du Pont corporation had acquired controlling interest in, and had interlocking directorships with, General Motors.

Irenee du Pont, "the most imposing and powerful member of the clan," according to biographer and historian Charles Higham, "was obsessed with Hitler's principles." "He keenly followed the career of the future Fuhrer in the 1920s, and on September 7, 1926, in a speech to the American Chemical Society, he advocated a race of supermen, to be achieved by injecting special drugs into them in boyhood to make their characters to order." Higham's book on this subject, "Trading with the Enemy: An Expose of the Nazi-American Money Plot 1933-1949," is highly recommended.

Du Pont's anti-Semitism "matched that of Hitler" and, in 1933, the Du Ponts "began financing native fascist groups in America . . ." one of which Higham identifies as the American Liberty League: "a Nazi organization whipping up hatred of blacks and Jews," and the "love of Hitler.

Du Pont support of Hitler extended into the very heart of the Nazi war machine as well, according to Higham, and several other researchers: "General Motors, under the control of the Du Pont family of Delaware, played a part in collaboration" with the Nazis."Financed . . . to the tune of $500,000 the first year, the Liberty League had a lavish thirty-one-room office in New York, branches in twenty-six colleges, and fifteen subsidiary organizations nationwide that distributed fifty million copies of its Nazi pamphlets. . . .

"The Du Ponts' fascistic behavior was seen in 1936, when Irenee du Pont used General Motors money to finance the notorious Black Legion. This terrorist organization had as its purpose the prevention of automobile workers from unionizing. The members wore hoods and black robes, with skulls and crossbones. They fire-bombed union meetings, murdered union organizers, often by beating them to death, and dedicated their lives to destroying Jews and communists. They linked to the Ku Klux Klan. . . . It was brought out that at least fifty people, many of them blacks, had been butchered by the Legion." (5)

"Between 1932 and 1939, bosses of General Motors poured $30 million into I.G. Farben plants . . ." Further, Higham informs us that by "the mid-1930s, General Motors was committed to full-scale production of trucks, armored cars, and tanks in Nazi Germany." (6)

Researchers Morton Mintz and Jerry S. Cohen, in their book, "Power Inc.," describe the Du Pont-GM-Nazi relationship in these terms:

". . . In 1929, [Du Pont-controlled] GM acquired the largest automobile company in Germany, Adam Opel, A.G. This predestined the subsidiary to become important to the Nazi war effort. In a heavily documented study presented to the Senate Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly in February 1974, Bradford C. Snell, an assistant subcommittee counsel, wrote:

"'GM's participation in Germany's preparation for war began in 1935. That year its Opel subsidiary cooperated with the Reich in locating a new heavy truck facility at Brandenburg, which military officials advised would be less vulnerable to enemy air attacks. During the succeeding years, GM supplied the Wehrmact with Opel "Blitz" trucks from the Brandenburg complex. For these and other contributions to [the Nazis] wartime preparations, GM's chief executive for overseas operations [James Mooney] was awarded the Order of the German Eagle (first class) by Adolf Hitler.'"

Du Pont-GM Nazi collaboration, according to Snell, included the participation of Standard Oil of New Jersey [now Exxon] in one, very important arrangement. GM and Standard Oil of New Jersey formed a joint subsidiary with the giant Nazi chemical cartel, I.G. Farben, named Ethyl G.m.b.H. [now Ethyl, Inc.] which, according to Snell: "provided the mechanized German armies with synthetic tetraethyl fuel [leaded gas]. During 1936-39, at the urgent request of Nazi officials who realized that Germany's scarce petroleum reserves would not satisfy war demands, GM and Exxon joined with German chemical interests in the erection of the lead-tetraethyl plants. According to captured German records, these facilities contributed substantially to the German war effort: 'The fact that since the beginning of the war we could produce lead-tetraethyl is entirely due to the circumstances that, shortly before, the Americans [Du Pont, GM and Standard Oil] had presented us with the production plants complete with experimental knowledge. Without lead-tetraethyl the present method of warfare would be unthinkable.'" (7)

At about the same time the Du Ponts were serving the Nazi cause in Germany, they were involved in a Fascist plot to overthrow the United States government.

"Along with friends of the Morgan Bank and General Motors," in early 1934, writes Higham, "certain Du Pont backers financed a coup d'etat that would overthrow the President with the aid of a $3 million-funded army of terrorists . . ." The object was to force Roosevelt "to take orders from businessmen as part of a fascist government or face the alternative of imprisonment and execution . . ."

Higham reports that "Du Pont men allegedly held an urgent series of meetings with the Morgans," to choose who would lead this "bizarre conspiracy." "They finally settled on one of the most popular soldiers in America, General Smedly Butler of Pennsylvania." Butler was approached by "fascist attorney" Gerald MacGuire (an official of the American Legion), who attempted to recruit Butler into the role of an American Hitler.

"Butler was horrified," but played along with MacGuire until, a short time later, he notified the White House of the plot. Roosevelt considered having "the leaders of the houses of Morgan and Du Pont" arrested, but feared that "it would create an unthinkable national crisis in the midst of a depression and perhaps another Wall Street crash." Roosevelt decided the best way to defuse the plot was to expose it, and leaked the story to the press.

"The newspapers ran the story of the attempted coup on the front page, but generally ridiculed it as absurd and preposterous." But an investigation by the Congressional Committee on Un-American Activities - 74th Congress, first session, House of Representatives, Investigation of Nazi and other propaganda - was begun later that same year.

"It was four years," continues Higham, "before the committee dared to publish its report in a white paper that was marked for 'restricted circulation.' They were forced to admit that 'certain persons made an attempt to establish a fascist organization in this country . . . [The] committee was able to verify all the pertinent statements made by General Butler.' This admission that the entire plan was deadly in intent was not accompanied by the imprisonment of anybody. Further investigations disclosed that over a million people had been guaranteed to join the scheme and that the arms and munitions necessary would have been supplied by Remington, a Du Pont subsidiary." (8)

The names of important individuals and groups involved in the conspiracy were suppressed by the committee, but later revealed by Seldes, Philadelphia Record reporter Paul French, and Jules Archer, author of the book, "The Plot to Seize the White House." Included were John W. Davis (attorney for the J.P. Morgan banking group), Robert Sterling Clark (Wall Street broker and heir to the Singer sewing machine fortune), William Doyle (American Legion official), and the American Liberty League (backed by executives from J.P. Morgan and Co., Rockefeller interests, E.F. Hutton, and Du Pont-controlled General Motors). (9)


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#6 RAIFWP

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Posted 20 July 2018 - 02:59 PM

photo-thumb-120298.jpg?_r=1517566140Your article would have been even better if you had left the Nazi stuff out of it.


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#7 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 08:58 AM

Countries Where Marijuana is Legal or Decriminalized
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 27, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Being a foreigner traveling around the world doesn't mean you should ignore international cannabis laws. Even though cannabis is legal or tolerated in some countries, you must realize that it is still prohibited in many parts of the world. 
 
Here is a list of countries that will allow you to pair your travel experience with cannabis use without any worry.
 
Uruguay is the most liberal of all
 
The avant-gardism of Uruguay makes it the first country in the world to allow people to consume cannabis anywhere they like. Very flexible on the consumption of the euphoric plant, it is the first country in the world that decided to fully legalize cannabis at the end of 2013. Marijuana can thus be bought over the counter without any hassle. Its production, distribution, and consumption are totally legalized. However, according to the law, every consumer must choose a well-defined means to obtain cannabis. They can cultivate it themself, buy it in a drug store or join a cannabis club. Each consumer can buy a maximum of 10 grams per week.
 
Check the state laws before visiting the United States
 
The United States has its own dose of controversies and debates about medical and recreational uses of cannabis. The legalization of cannabis in the USA depends on the decision of each state. Residents of Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, and California voted to legalize marijuana for recreational purposes. This decision could modify the cultural and economic conditions of the states while affecting the American nation as a whole.
 
Before the above-mentioned states, Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington had all legalized, regulated and taxed recreational marijuana use by adults, in a similar manner to that of alcoholic drinks. Washington D.C. also legalized the possession of cannabis and its cultivation for personal use.
 
Ganja is controlled even in Jamaica
 
After years of debate and decades of illegality for smokers, the Jamaican Parliament authorized, under certain conditions, the consumption of cannabis and the possession of 57 grams of marijuana per person since February 2015. That was a historic decision for the island of Bob Marley where "ganja", as it is called there, is highly consumed by the Rastafarians.
 
Considered either as a religion or philosophy, the Rastafarian movement is very popular in Jamaica. The followers consider "ganja" as a sacred herb that allows the soul to rise. They consider it harmless and has been asking for its legalization since long. Today, they can consume ganja while practicing their religion.
 
Small quantities of marijuana are allowed for consumption in Argentina
 
The consumption of cannabis is decriminalized in Argentina. It is common to come across youngsters who consume marijuana in public places although this is prohibited. However, the sale or cultivation of cannabis still remains illegal.
 
The same laws on marijuana can be found in other South American countries, including Peru, Colombia, and Mexico.
 
The Netherlands is the paradise of cannabis
 
Dutch lawmakers agreed to legalize the production of cannabis and the Netherlands remains the Eldorado of cannabis for many Europeans. In February 2017, the Dutch MPs adopted a law that legalizes the production of cannabis.
 
Since 1976, the country has been practicing a more accommodating policy on soft drugs, although culture is not allowed until now. However, plantations will be subject to strict control at several levels: farmers must first obtain authorization from the Ministry of Health before submitting their products for quality surveys. After that, the production and the annuity will be subject to the discretion of the public authorities and to tax. Coffee shops will now receive delivery by certified persons who will make pre-wrapped packages of five grams.
 
Cannabis is cheap in the Czech Republic
 
In the Czech Republic, the consumption of the marijuana is legal in a therapeutic framework since 2013. Cannabis use has been tolerated for recreational purposes for almost 3 years. You can have up to 15 grams of marijuana and up to 5 grams of hashish. The Czech Republic welcomes cannabis aficionados every year for a big festival known as Cannafest. However, Prague is not in the phase of becoming the new "Amsterdam" since the opening of coffee shops is strictly forbidden.
 
Cannabis is tolerated in small quantities in Italy
 
Italy is one of the most progressive countries in Europe in terms of cannabis. In addition to its domestic production of therapeutic cannabis, Italy is rather lenient with small drug users. Since 1993, legislation on the recreational use of all drugs has been relaxed. In a citizens' referendum, the Italians voted for the decriminalization of possession of drugs. People with small quantities (<5 grams) are no longer subject to criminal penalties. Even if the possession of cannabis is modestly punished, it is still illegal under international laws. On the other hand, cannabis use is not an offense in itself.
 
However, massive cultivation of cannabis is criminalized. The Italians have the right to grow a cannabis plant at home without any reprimand, as long as there is no evidence that the owner is trafficking and the number of plants remains reasonable.
 
Private consumption of marijuana is tolerated in Spain
 
In Spain, the law penalizes the consumption of cannabis in public but remains silent on private consumption, which is therefore tolerated. Consumer clubs have used this legal vacuum and swarmed in recent years. But since June 2017, cannabis users' clubs are now authorized and regulated by a law in Catalonia, the second most populous region in Spain. The regional parliament of Catalonia, with a population of 7.5 million, has adopted a law detailing the conditions under which they can operate and formally authorize them.
 
Drugs are a health issue, but not a criminal issue in Portugal
 
Portugal has decriminalized cannabis for more than 15 years now. In fact, the Portuguese government took the initiative in 2001 to decriminalize the possession of all drugs, including hard drugs, if they are found in very small quantities. This decision was taken as drugs are viewed as a health issue rather than a criminal issue in the country. Instead of arrests, those found with drugs are sent to medical panels consisting of a psychologist, social workers and legal advisor for appropriate treatment.
 
Cannabis is used in Cambodian cuisine
 
Whether it is in Pakistan, Bangladesh, India or Nepal, consumption of cannabis is widespread in this region of the world. But it is easier to smoke and eat it in Cambodia as it is traditionally incorporated into the Cambodian cuisine. If you are visiting the country, do not miss the marijuana-laced pizza.
 
Nimbin the symbol of Australian marijuana
 
Nimbin is a village near Byron Bay which is the symbol of the Australian legalization activists. Inhabited since the 70s by a community of hippies, the consumption of cannabis is tolerated in its streets. In Nimbin, you can easily buy marijuana and all its derivatives, such as butter cookies from Marrakech, in public places. Every year a large gathering takes place where people from all over Australia come to request legalization throughout the country.
 
South Africa is on hold
 
The debate on the legalization of cannabis is raging in South Africa. A court in the Western Cape Province considered the criminalization of cannabis as unconstitutional in late March. Susanne, a young single mom, is convinced of the usefulness of the plant. For several months, she has given a new treatment to her seven-year-old son with Costello's syndrome, a rare disease that causes physical deformities and intellectual deficit. The South African Parliament has two years to decide whether to adapt legislation.
 
Be discreet in Morocco
 
Any use of cannabis is illegal in Morocco but drug tourism brings a lot of money to the country's economy. As such, police controls are rare. However, you have to be careful. If you get caught red-handed, you will land into trouble.
 
Canada will legalize recreational use in 2018
 
While most of the United States and some countries in South America have already authorized cannabis for medical use, several other countries are preparing for decriminalization. In April 2017, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau introduced his bill to legalize the recreational use of cannabis. Its sale will be legal as from July 1, 2018, and each province will determine the terms and locations of sales according to their convenience. Households will be allowed to grow up to 4 plants.
 
Other European countries are becoming lenient
 
This great movement of cannabis consumption has influenced Europe as well. Twelve countries decriminalized the use and possession of cannabis: Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Croatia, and Slovenia. If you are caught possessing or consuming cannabis, you will incur a fine only.
_________________________________________________________________
 
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#8 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 09:20 AM

 If you are caught possessing or consuming cannabis, you will incur a fine only.

 

 

"you will incur a fine"

 

 

WHY?

 

 

THIS IS THE BIG MYSTERY 


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#9 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 10:49 AM

Links Between Cannabis and Psychosis?
 
True or False?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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#10 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 12:59 PM

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#11 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:01 PM

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#12 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:02 PM

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#13 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:03 PM

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#14 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:04 PM

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#15 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:07 PM

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#16 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:08 PM

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#17 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:09 PM

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#18 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:10 PM

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#19 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:11 PM

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#20 grog

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Posted 21 July 2018 - 01:12 PM

retrospoofs-marijuana-hey-at-least-it-s-


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