Berezovsky currently is being tried in absentia in Moscow in a separate case that opened Thursday. He is accused of embezzling millions of dollars from the Russian airline Aeroflot.
Berezovsky fled to Britain, which granted him refugee status in 2003.
The Moscow trial against Berezovsky was postponed for two weeks so the court-appointed defense attorney could read the voluminous case materials.
The case in Brazil dates back to 2004, when MSI spent millions of dollars acquiring new players, which raised the interest of Sao Paulo state prosecutors. They wanted to know more about the investment group, its Iranian-born president, Kia Joorabchian, and the origin of the money he and his unidentified partners injected into the club.
"Who would invest this much money in a soccer team that has been in the red for years?" state prosecutor Jose Reinaldo Guimaraes Carneiro said when he started his investigation in February 2005. "And why?"
Later that year, he said the answers pointed to Berezovsky and money laundering.
Brazilian prosecutors say they have also issued an arrest warrant for Joorabchian, a British citizen.